Monthly Archives: January 2013

Mosaic : A Poem by Dr.Syed Md. Zainul Abedin

Mosaic

Mosaic is a form of art
It can easily charm your heart
You can see mosaic on your floor
Broken stone and glass makes its core

Mosaic embrace buildings like flowers
You can look at their beauty for hours
Some leaves may give you pleasant surprise
With artistic mosaic on them like golden prize
But I like to tell the truth for knowledge of  all
Those leaves are diseased and destined to fall

The other day I walked to a lofty roof for fun
Pleasant air played with me as children run
I looked at the sky and saw mosaic there
Fluffy cloud and blue of sky made them with care
Suddenly my eyes turned towards the land
Mosaics of  flowers and greens  made lovely stand
I thought it  a map of gifted state
Where people lived happy and wished great

Memories of  past events came as mosaic
It was like a movie mixed with truth and fake
The beauty of mosaic touched everything
The treasure of nature made me sing

(Inspired by the beauty of mosaic)

Green farmer of the year 2013 in Denmark (Taken from http://www.balticdeal.eu/ for dissemination)

Green farmer of the Year 2013 was the first Award on the Danish Plantcongress ever. The winner is Søren Ilsøe from the Danish island Zealand.

The Main reason was that Søren Ilsøe runs his farm with sharp focus on “more for less” at his family operation Knudstrupgaard with 250 hectares and fattening of 5,000 pigs annually.

“My idea is to let all kind of organisms on the surface and below the surface of the soil do the job instead of using a lot of steel, time and fuel,” he states

By using cover crops and having the soil covered all year by plants and residues from the previous crops the number of night crawlers and other essential organisms to the healt of soil is remarkably high. This is also an advantage to more species of birds that thus are higher by Søren than elsewhere in his region.

Søren is also very keen to use few pesticides in as low doses as possible. Both pesticides and fluid fertilizers are applied by using a sprayer in his CTF-system that is based on RTK GPS. Automatic steering and section blanking on field sprayers is estimated to reduce pesticide use by aprox. 10%

But Søren is just not focused on the environment.

“My focus is also to achieve high yields and a profitable farming system. That is absolutely necessary,” he says

The jury visit a 10 meter bufferzone. Photo Frank Bondgaard

The jury visit the 10 meter bufferzone. Søren with the spade. Photo Frank Bondgaard

IMG_1422

Winter wheat. Photo Frank Bondgaard

Active earthworms in January. Photo Frank Bondgaard

Reduced tillage with active earthworms in January. Photo Frank Bondgaard

 

The jury’s statements (come later when it is translated):

The jury in the constest was Ella Maria Bishoff-Larsen, President of The Danish Society for Nature Conservation, Jacob Bisgaard, Manager, Land, Town and Culture Ringkøbing-Skjern Municipality and Torben Hansen President of Plant produdtion, Danish Agriculture and Food Council.

Søren Ilsøe is President of FRDK and member of the board of ECAF. He will in the Autum contineu in The Baltic Sea farmer of the year Award arranged by WWF.

Green farmer of the year of the year logo

Green farmer of the year logo

 

(The  article has been taken from  http://www.balticdeal.eu/ for dissemination.All readers are invited to visit the link:

http://www.balticdeal.eu/news/green-farmer-of-the-year-2013-in-denmark/ to read the original article.)

Ban: A Poem by Dr.Syed Md. Zainul Abedin

Writers may face ban

Ban cripples creative mind

Adore decent rule

(Miss decent writes of good writers due to unknown ban)

Liar : A Poem by Dr.Syed Md. Zainul Abedin

The liar feels proud

After each act of vile sin

Truth bleeds in silence

(Truth bleeds as the liar triumphs.)

Friendship : A Poem by Dr.Syed Md. Zainul Abedin

Golden jubilee of my university
Has tied thousands in amity
The solemn party becomes a pleasant sojourn
Old and young graduates passionately yearn
Decoration with flowers,lighting and festoons welcome all
Wives and children of graduates happily stroll
Pairs and groups of friends are engaged in gossip
Some eat snacks while others take sip
In such thrilling and festive mood
I met a friend exceptionally good
We are friends for long long years
We embraced each other with  tears

Memories sprang up of bittersweet past
We shared many stories,many left untold at last
We took renewed vow to love each other at parting
We exchanged smile and pensive looks for another meeting

Golden jubilee is the golden feather of our life
Friendship triumphs through concert and strife

The beneficial effects of climate change on rice in Madagascar(Taken from website of CIRAD)

In the highlands of Madagascar, upland rice growing has developed in recent years thanks to the availability of varieties suited to the prevailing low temperatures in this mountainous region. However, what repercussions is climate change likely to have on this crop, on which a large proportion of the island’s inhabitants depend? By simulating rice production over a century, depending on the extent of climate change and the cropping practices adopted, a team from CIRAD and FOFIFA came up with a surprising result: it was the most pessimistic climate scenario that enabled the best yields.

Global warming could have serious consequences for rice production, and as a result for food security. Precise data on the effects of global warming are few and far between, and primarily concern irrigated rice. Upland rice, on the other hand, has never been studied before.

A team of researchers from CIRAD and the Malagasy National Institute of Agricultural Research (FOFIFA) looked into the impact of global warming on upland rice productivity in the highlands of Madagascar, where the crop has developed recently. Their study covered a ninety-year period, from 2010 to 2099, depending on the cropping system adopted.

Two climate change scenarios

Rice yields were simulated using the CERES-Rice model, which was calibrated and then validated using the FOFIFA 161 rice cultivar, for which a set of experimental data was compiled over a six-year period. The cropping systems comprised two soil tillage systems – hand ploughing and no-tillage – and two nitrogen fertilizer rates – high and low.

In relation to the control, without climate change, two scenarios were tested. In the first, carbon dioxide emissions increased gradually up to 750 ppm and the temperature rose by 0.15 °C per decade. This was the optimistic scenario, in which the increase in carbon dioxide levels and the relatively moderate increase in temperature were supposed to foster rice growth.

In the second scenario, carbon dioxide emissions also rose gradually, but the temperature rose by 0.5 °C per decade and rainfall fell by 0.2 mm a day between December and February. This was the pessimistic scenario, in which the combination of a marked rise in temperature and a reduction in rainfall could have led to severe water stress in rice.

Surprising results

The analysis did not reveal any differences in yields between the soil tillage systems, irrespective of the degree of climate change and fertilizer rate. No-tillage did not improve yields compared to tillage, or the efficacy of water use or nitrogen uptake by the plant. It is likely that in order to significantly improve soil properties, no-tillage requires substantial dry matter production, which is impossible to achieve at the prevailing low temperatures in the region.

However, fertilization did have a significant effect on yields, with a gain of 1500 kg/ha of grain for nitrogen applications of 45 kg/ha. Nitrogen is a major constraint in this type of soil, in which its availability is reduced due to the soil’s poor anion exchange capacity and to leaching.

Rice yields, which were 5478 kg/ha on average, were markedly higher in the pessimistic scenario, with a gain of 576 kg/ha compared to the control. In that scenario, the increase in temperature speeded up flowering and grain maturity, in such a way that the demand for water and nutrients from the plant tallied better with their availability in the soil. Yield variability was lower, and the gap between this scenario and the others continued to grow over the years.

A positive effect on rice productivity

Although the initial hypotheses – crops without biotic constraints or marked weather events – limit the import of the results, global warming could have a positive effect on rice productivity in this cold region, where rice is grown at the lower limit of its temperature tolerance.

Unlike what it likely to happen in southern Asia, where rice is grown at the upper limit of its temperature tolerance and yields are likely to fall overall, the most “pessimistic” forecasts in terms of temperature could lead to a marked increase in yields in the highlands of Madagascar.

I acknowledge that the source of the important article ,’The beneficial effects of climate change on rice in Madagascar’ is the website of CIRAD which may be accessed at the following link:

http://www.cirad.fr/en/research-operations/research-results/2012/the-beneficial-effects-of-climate-change-on-rice-in-madagascar

The article has been published in this website to share and disseminate the research findings.All readers are invited to read and share their feelings about this article.

Cold Wave Hits Bangladesh:Is it An Indication of Climate Change?

The winter in Bangladesh was generally considered as pleasant.Usually lifestyle change in this season and many activities like,visiting countryside with family and friends, picnic,travels,sightseeing,festivals,fairs,ceremonies take place in this season.Many exotic and indigenous vegetables and fruits give the markets a colorful look and consumers make delicious  food items.One special activity in the winter of Bangladesh is making of various types of country cakes(locally called pitha) with rice,coconut,molasses made from the sap of  date palm,spices and many other ingredients.People generally relish these traditional food items when the invasion of imported foreign and locally machine made  packaged food items flood the market.

Foreign tourists also enjoy the pleasant winter weather of Bangladesh as it is almost similar to the summer of the west.This is why many foreigners from  the whole world and the migrant Bangladeshi people visit Bangladesh during winter.Cool temperature without any trouble of mud making rain give  delightful experience.

But,this winter that has started in December,2012 and rolled to January,2013 is different.Several cold waves have crippled the life of common people.They are struggling frantically to protect themselves from the bite of the shivering cold.Most people lack  sufficient warm clothing and this they are helpless in the foggy and wintry weather.Many children and old people have fallen victims of biting cold weather.News media reported 22 cases of death of humans up to 10 January.2013 .

The temperature in this winter has been recorded as the lowest in 58 years.Though the variation of temperature in different areas of the country may present a wrong picture about the severity of cold wave in particular places.The lowest temperature recorded in Dinajpur on 9 January,2013 was 3.2 degree Celsius while the highest was recorded in Cox’s Bazaar which was 11.8 degree Celsius.

Historically,the lowest temperature was recorded in Bangladesh in Srimangal, Moulvibazaar.The temperature was 2.8 degree Celsius and the day was 4 February,1968.The cold  temperature is mostly influenced by  various phenomena of weather.It has been observed that the adverse effects are many.Many kinds of diseases affect people in cold weather,domestic animals suffer badly in such weather.Crops like paddy  and potato production are badly affected by cold weather.The seedlings of winter paddy,called Boro rice get stunted by severe cold while potato may be damaged by fungal diseases like early and late blight.Mustard is another major crop of Bangladesh of winter which adds beauty to the nature by  its vast expanses of yellow flowers.This crop may be devastated by the attack of an insect pest called Aphid in the foggy weather.

The winter is one of six   vital  seasons of  Bangladesh.It would be a blessing unless the the people is devastated by cold waves.

This year the cold waves are biting hard causing great sufferings to peoples.Should we view the current winter as any indication

of climate change?I welcome the opinion of  experts in this discipline.

I will continue to update this article on the basis of real situation and opinion of experts.

 

 

School : A Poem by Dr.Syed Md. Zainul Abedin

Children smile and dance

Got golden books on first day

School turns to heaven

(Jubilant Bangladeshi students rejoice for getting texts books free of cost on the first day of school on January 1, 2013)