Monthly Archives: March 2013

Award: A Poem by Dr.Syed Md. Zainul Abedin

Award inspires all

Many left ignored for life

Great ones live in deeds

Poem : A Poem by Dr.Syed Md. Zainul Abedin

Sense seems overcast

Restless words race in my brain

Poem will be born

Chance : A Poem by Dr.Syed Md. Zainul Abedin

The boy was riding on the smooth road
He was enjoying the place near the wood
Taking the bicycle like a toy
Ran like a magic deer the cute boy
Sometimes he stopped riding for a pause
His parents rushed to him to know the cause
He smiled happily and started again
But riding was stopped soon by rain
The parents took him under a shed
They offered him jam and bread
He took juice from lovely can
He was ready again like a sportsman
He pedaled the cycle with bright smile
The solo rider would now ride mile and mile
He looked gorgeous with colored dress
He went far away taking a race
Suddenly a group of monkey came near him
He was frightened and started to scream
His parents assured him monkeys were safe
He then stopped his bike step by step
He greeted the monkeys and played with them
Monkeys taught him a wonderful game
The monkeys joined  him in a friendly dance
The boy became happy for such a lovely chance

Bangladesh and FAO Achievements and success stories

FAO Representation in Bangladesh
May 2011
Bangladesh and FAO
Achievements and success stories

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FAO 2011

The challenging country context
angladesh joined FAO on 12 November 1973 within two years of gaining its independence from Pakistan. Since
that time, Bangladesh and FAO have worked closely together in the areas of agriculture, food, forestry, fisheries,
livestock, rural development and climate change. These efforts were strengthened with the establishment of the FAO
Representative Office in Dhaka in 1978.
Bangladesh is home to the most densely populated flood-plain delta in the world. It regularly suffers from natural
disasters such as floods, cyclones and drought. It is also vulnerable to the growing effects of global climate change. But
when faced with adversity, the country, especially its farmers and fishers, is extremely resilient.
In the immediate post-independence period, FAO was one of the first international agencies to extend a considerable
amount of assistance to Bangladesh to support relief and rehabilitation, as well as national efforts for economic recovery
and reconstruction, and – on the other hand – Bangladesh has contributed significantly to FAO initiatives, commissions,
committees and working panels.
Bangladesh has had some success in reducing its numbers of hungry people. The population has increased from about
75 million at independence to about 150 million now. More than 40 million Bangladeshis – 27 percent of the population
– are undernourished by FAO’s definition – not having access to adequate amounts of safe, nutritious food to sustain
a healthy and productive life. In the early 1990s, about 45 million, or 38 percent of the population was hungry.
However, even with the impressive development of the agriculture sector in recent decades, undernutrition has
remained a challenge largely because of rapid population growth and dwindling land resources. Today, the situation is
being exacerbated by stresses such as climate change and the global increase in the prices of food, fuel and fertilizer.
Bangladesh is struggling to strengthen its
institutions and programmes so it will have
the capacity to cope with natural disasters,
environmental change and population
growth. Though the future impact of climate
change is still uncertain, Bangladesh is
preparing for the likely eventualities of
increasingly serious weather-related events.
FAO is incorporating responses to these
growing concerns in its cooperative
development initiatives.
Over the last 30 plus years, the country was
served by dedicated FAO teams.

1. Analytical summary
angladesh has tripled its rice production in the last
40 years, from 10 million metric tonnes (mt) in 1971
to over 32 million mt today. More than 5.1 million
hectares of land are irrigated, which is more than four
times the area in 1990. Modern rice varieties have been
introduced on 75 percent of the total area growing rice.
Though agriculture only accounts for 20 percent of the
gross domestic product (GDP), it employs more than
60 percent of the labour force, providing income to the
rural population, which makes up about 75 percent of
the total population of Bangladesh. FAO’s technical
assistance has been instrumental in helping the country
achieve this progress.
1.1 Comprehensive approach towards
increasing agricultural production
Both in terms of institutional transformation and
knowledge transfer, FAO has been working to improve
agricultural production in Bangladesh through its
technical support programmes. Some of the organiza-
tion’s more notable contributions are:
Development of agro-ecological zones (AEZ)
database and installation of a geographic
information system (GIS);
Technical support to establish the Soil Resources
Development Institute (SRDI), including its soil
survey and soil analytical programmes;
Transformation of the Directorate of Agriculture
(extension and management) into the new
Department of Agricultural Extension (DAE);
Support for the development and modification of
agricultural extension systems and technical training
programmes for extension staff and farmers through
the farmers field school (FFS) programme;
Transition to irrigated agriculture by testing and
demonstrating minor irrigation schemes;
Cereal technology transfer;
Integrated pest management (IPM);
Improvement of household food security;
Utilization of plant genetic resources for food and
Disaster preparedness and adaptation to climate
1.2 Sustainable food security and adaptation
to climate change
FAO has long supported Bangladesh’s efforts to achieve
sustainable food security. Bangladesh approved the
National Food Policy Plan of Action (2008-2015), which
established a strategic orientation in food security
planning. Special care has been taken to align the
National Food Policy with Bangladesh’s overall
development strategy. The Plan of Action recommends
a set of policy targets and indicators to monitor progress
in the implementation of the National Food Policy.
Additionally, FAO is now implementing a substantial food
safety programme that will build regulatory and
diagnostic capacity to ensure safe food for all.

Bangladesh is extremely vulnerable to climate change,
and efforts to achieve food security must take into
consideration the projected threat of climate change
events. The country’s farmers have developed resilience
to natural disasters, which has been complemented by
FAO programmes and technical assistance that has
increased significantly since 2003. The success of FAO’s
adaptation programmes has been acknowledged by the
government and the donor community and forms the
framework for long-term, future interventions.
1.3 Development of fisheries
Fisheries products, especially shrimp, are Bangladesh’s
second largest export after textiles. FAO has provided
support to develop both aquaculture and capture
fisheries, and to reform fishing policies. The major
interventions include:
Strengthening rural pond fish culture extension;
Sea surveys;
The Bay of Bengal Programme (BoBP)
, which identifies
overcapacity, destructive fishing gear and the extent
of damage being caused to fishery resources;
UNDP/FAO programme, Empowering Coastal Fishing
Communities (ECFC)
, aimed at changing attitudes,
empowering and encouraging direct participation of
communities in coastal resource management;
FAO actively supported the formulation and
implementation of an HACCP-based (hazard analysis
and critical control points) fish quality-assurance
programme for fisheries products.
1.4 Development of the livestock and dairy
Improved production of milk, meat and eggs is a pressing
need for Bangladesh to ensure food security. FAO has
been involved in livestock and dairy work since mid-1970.
FAO has provided technical assistance to two projects
that played an important catalytic role in the dairy and
poultry sub-sectors during the 1970s and 1980s:
Milk Vita
cooperative dairy projects (1976-1986), and the Poultry
development project (1978-1984)
FAO provided technical assistance in the 1970s and 1980s
to establish the successful Milk Vita dairy cooperative. The
Milk Vita dairy model has been adapted for use by many
organizations. Technicians and staff trained under the
dairy projects are now in every dairy enterprise in
The successful implementation of the
Community livestock
and dairy development project
(CLDDP) helped put the
dairy sub-sector in Bangladesh in a unique position to
take advantage of the recent rise in the price of imported
dairy products, especially milk powder, by substituting
imports with domestically produced milk.
Working with the Bangladesh government, FAO
developed short-term, tailor-made training courses at the
Savar Dairy Farm of the Ministry of Fisheries and Livestock
for people and organizations involved in milk production,
collection, processing and marketing to improve
efficiency, quality and safety throughout the farm-to-
consumer milk chain.

FAO has also been very active in combating
transboundary animal diseases in Bangladesh. Since the
initial outbreak of H5N1 avian influenza in March 2007,
a total of 367 H5N1 outbreaks occurred and 1.9 million
birds were culled. Fortunately there have been no fatal
human cases of bird flu recorded in Bangladesh. FAO’s
Emergency Centre for Transboundary Animal Diseases
(ECTAD) is contributing significantly to government
initiatives to control disease through active surveillance
for early reporting and early response, and by improving
biosecurity in live bird markets. FAO has also advocated
implementing biosecurity initiatives through public-
private partnerships. Capacity in biosecurity is also being
1.5 Forestry
FAO’s key support in the forestry sector includes:
increasing the capacity of the Forests Department
(FD) to assess national forest resources, by setting up
a national database and a national forest assessment
unit for long-term monitoring. LANDSAT satellite
data is to be collected and processed so that reliable
and up to date information for policy makers can be
made available. This has been implemented through
Strengthening capacity to
generate quality information on forest resources, 2004-
and its second phase TCP/BGD/3104. The
project produced the
National Forest and Tree
Resources Assessment 2005-2007
, printed in 2007,
preparing a technical report entitled
resource management plan of the Sunderbans Reserve
. The report included practical guidelines to
bring together all the diverse facets of the
Sundarbans Reserve Forests in order to achieve
integrated sustainable management of this resource.
This has been implemented through training for
Sunderbans Reserved Forest Project (UTF/BGD/032/
1.6 Policy assistance and intervention
FAO developed the
National Plan of Action for Nutrition
(NPAN), which was approved by Bangladesh in 1997. The
government undertook a number of NPAN-
recommended projects, which were funded by several
donors and implemented by FAO and other agencies.
At the request of the government, FAO formulated the
National Livestock Policy for Bangladesh (2005-2006)
. The
government approved the policy in 2007.
FAO also developed the Plan of Action for National
Agriculture Policy in 2004 to operationalize the policy
with a view towards alleviating poverty and attaining
sustainable food security through rapid agricultural
The agriculture sector review of 2004 focused on the
longer-term prospects of agricultural growth and
structural change within the context of macroeconomic
growth. It took into account the emerging trend towards
market and trade liberalization, regional developments
with neighbouring countries and globalization.
Formulation of Actionable Policy Brief 2004 (APB 2004)
primarily focused on the crop sub-sector based on
Poverty Reduction Strategy Papers (PRSP) and the
government’s strategy to meet the Millennium
Development Goals. The APB 2004 recommended
immediate, medium-term and long-term measures
designed to address key constraints, thereby contributing
to a sustained increase in land and labour productivity in
agriculture. The policy brief also promoted concomitant
investment, policy adaptation to respond to natural
disasters, and market-related risks.
Formulation of an action plan to implement the
Actionable Policy Brief 2006 focused on policy

recommendations that require specific details of what
needs to be done, and the legal and financial
requirements needed to implement the policy agenda.
National Food Policy Plan of Action (NFP PoA – 2008-
2015) was launched in 2009 with the support from the
National Food Policy Capacity Strengthening Programme
. NFPCSP is providing necessary policy support
to the Food Planning and Monitoring Committee
(a Cabinet Committee) through its secretariat in the Food
Planning and Monitoring Unit (FPMU) under the Food
Division of the Ministry of Food and Disaster
Management. NFPCSP has also taken an active role in
formulating the Bangladesh Country Investment Plan
(CIP) and its ongoing updating process.
1.7 Other programmes
World Food Day:
World Food Day (WFD) has always been
helpful to raise awareness through the media about
agriculture and particularly food security issues.
Commemorative stamps were issued on FAO’s 50
anniversary and on WFD 2009, with the prime minister
presiding over a ceremony issuing the stamps. In recent
years the media, including a number of television news
organizations, have provided live news coverage of WFD
Ceres medal given to Bangladesh prime minister:
Director-General Jacques Diouf visited Bangladesh in
December 1999 and awarded Prime Minister Sheikh
Hasina Wazed with the prestigious Ceres Medal for her
outstanding contribution to agricultural development.
A.H. Boerma Award:
The A.H. Boerma Award for
2008-2009 was awarded to Shykh Seraj of Channel i TV
for coverage of FAO activities, including live coverage
from the city as well as the countryside.
LCG platform:
FAO is the chair of the Local Consultative
Group for Agriculture, Rural Development and Food
Security (LCG-ARDFS). This forum provides a platform for
aligning the relevant development partners with
government programmes and supports harmonization of
donor contributions under the Paris Declaration and
Accra Agenda for Action. FAO, through the international
nutrition specialist of the NFPCSP project, is chairing the
LCG-Nutrition Group.
2. Selected successful FAO programmes
2.1 Climate change issues in agriculture
he negative impacts of natural disasters and climate
change have the potential to de-rail development
efforts including food and livelihood security. Bangladesh
is one of the most disaster prone countries in the world,
largely because of its geographical location and the
geophysical lay of the land. The country is highly
vulnerable to almost all types of disasters: floods,
cyclones, droughts, tidal surges, tornadoes and
earthquakes. All have hit Bangladesh with relatively high
frequency. Though natural disasters affect every sector,
their impact is most serious on agricultural. Flood,
drought, cyclone, soil erosion, river erosion, salinity,
insects-pests and chemical contamination of water: all
pose constant threats of extensive loss to agricultural
production. Early floods in April-June often cause

extensive damage to crops and the government has
acknowledged the need to focus more resources on
disaster risk reduction.
In response to government priorities, FAO began helping
Bangladesh address climate change issues in 2003. FAO
implemented four designed achieve livelihood adaptation
to climate change, and disaster risk management in the
agriculture sector. The first was funded under its Technical
Cooperation Programme, and three others by the United
Nations Development Programme (UNDP). The projects
Strengthening disaster preparedness in the agricultural
, CP/BGD/2904, $322 413
Local level capacity building for disaster risk management in
agriculture project
, BGD/01/004, $93 879
Comprehensive disaster management programme
FAO component:
Livelihood adaptation to climate change,
, –
phase I and II
, BGD/01/004, $900 000
Key achievements in response to climate change:
Increased the capacity of farmers, public
representatives, government officials and scientists
to adapt to climate change through disaster risk
management. These groups are all more aware of
the threats from climate change and understand
how they can successfully address these threats.
Bottom-up and top-down institutional approaches
and processes have been developed to catalyze the
improvement of climate change adaptation strategy.
Testing of pilot learning exercises in the existing
DAE farmers groups has opened new ways of
establishing educational opportunities in the areas
of climate change adaptation and disaster risk
reduction for farmers.
Institutionalized partnerships and working
collaborations with research institutes and other
specialized organizations could continue to act as
a science-based forum and regular source of
information and technology for testing, adoption
and dissemination.
The Bangladesh government, donors and other
stakeholders have commended FAO interventions in the
field of climate change adaptation. The government has
expanded and replicated the tested models in a project
Disaster and climate risk management in agriculture
with financial support from the Comprehensive
Disaster Management Programme (CDMP), jointly funded
by the European Community, the Swedish International
Development Agency and UNDP.
2.2 Agricultural development tools prepared
and installed
FAO has supported the development of techniques for
inventory, evaluation and planning of land resources in
Bangladesh. Over the last three decades, FAO has helped
Bangladesh to prepare and update the Agro-Ecological
Zone (AEZ) database for the country. The AEZ database is
a biophysical resource based on land, soil, hydrology, and
climate and land suitability. The Bangladesh Agricultural
Resource Council (BARC) is the custodian of the AEZ
database and updates it periodically.
The AEZ database is the foundation for a full-fledged
national and sub-national planning database. During the
early 1980s, FAO provided assistance to BARC to prepare
the AEZ database for the whole country. Initially, the
outputs of the FAO AEZ study were estimates of land
suitability for major field crops. The study covered where
soil moisture reserves are particularly important for
residual moisture cropping, allowing moisture storage to
be adjusted within a suitable range, according to soil
During the 1990s, FAO provided technical support to
develop the AEZ database as the foundation for a new
effort to develop a comprehensive multi-scale GIS-based
Land Resources Information System (LRIS). The approach
taken by FAO was to create a dynamic multilayered GIS
database, in which the component layers are modelled
as variables that change over time. Because of the
inherent variability of climatic and hydrologic conditions
in Bangladesh, an open-ended system that allows for the
modelling of a wide range of dynamic scenarios based
on the historical record as well as predicted future
scenarios, would be very beneficial and would yield
higher quality results.

In 2009, FAO helped Bangladesh update climatic data of
the AEZ database to track climate change scenarios in
the country. The study determined the extent of climate
change during the past 25 years. This is information vital
to national planning for almost every economic sector.
2.3 Integrated Pest Management (IPM)
During the last three decades, FAO has been contributing
to sustainable, profitable and environmentally sound
production of rice, vegetable and cotton crops, through
the development, promotion and use of IPM in
Bangladesh. The IPM concept was introduced in
Bangladesh through FAO’s Inter-Country IPM programme
in 1981.
FAO strengthened national pesticide policies and
enforcement systems and increased the number of IPM
Farmer Field School (FFS) programmes to help farmers
adopt IPM. IPM reduces pesticide use and results in
higher crop yields and safer and more profitable rice, fruit
and vegetables. FAO encouraged Bangladesh to adopt a
national policy on IPM and the government ultimately
produced a National Integrated Pest Management Policy
in 2002. FAO’s strategies are to sustainably expand IPM by
establishing a national IPM programme and to co-
ordinate all IPM activities in Bangladesh. Ongoing IPM
programmes also influenced the agriculture ministry to
encourage further development of IPM policies. This has
been reflected in the National Agricultural Policy.
Supported by the FAO
-Regional Vegetable and Cotton IPM,
the Farmer’s Field School Training Programme
was begun in
the early 1990s to help farmers diversify their crop
production using the IPM concept.
Bangladeshi farmers have benefited substantially from
their participation in FFS-based IPM training. FFS-trained
farmers have become ecology-literate and have learned
to conserve and make sustainable use of natural
biological control systems for various crops. FFS farmers
also benefited from cost savings resulting from reduced
use of pesticides and higher yields. According to an
impact assessment study by the Bangladesh Rice
Research Institute, IPM-trained rice farmers have cut their
use of pesticides by 90 percent with an increase in crop
yield of 10 percent. IPM-trained eggplant/aubergine
farmers reduced their use of pesticides on average by
75 percent with an increase in crop yield of 12 percent,
according to the study. As a result, the profit margin of
the IPM/FFS-trained farmers increased substantially
compared to conventional farmers. With the reduction of
pesticide use, IPM also contributes to pesticide risk
reduction, fewer poisoning incidents and less
environmental pollution in rural communities. It is
expected that by end of 2011, about 875 000 farmers, or
some 7.4 percent of the 11.8 million farming families in
Bangladesh will have benefited from FFS training.
Currently, FAO is implementing the World Bank-funded
Emergency 2007
Cyclone and Restoration Project
through which 351 FFS will be established over four years
to train farmers in stress technologies, better crop
management, horticultural production, utilization of
livestock and fisheries resources, and nutrition.
2.4 Special Programme for Food Security
Special Programme for Food Security (SPFS)
is FAO’s
flagship initiative to develop effective farming models
that will help countries eliminate hunger.
became operational in March 1999 to address
the problems of food security and undernutrition in rural,
peri-urban and urban communities by increasing
decision-making capacity at different levels. The following
five TCP projects have been implemented under the
On-farm water management pilot programme

On-Farm water management pilot programme
phase of TCP/BGD/8928), TCP/BGD/0167
Strengthening food control in Bangladesh
, TCP/BGD/2901
Intensification of sustainable production of wheat and
, TCP/BGD/2902
Training programme for the small-scale dairy sector
, TCP/
In addition, another three projects were implemented:
Crop yield forecasting and agro-meteorology
, UTF/BGD/29/
Soil testing and fertility management
The special programme for food security with financial
support from Japan and Bangladesh
The last project covered the 21 most food-insecure
villages of 21 Upazilas in 16 districts covering nine agro-
ecological zones.
FAO has introduced a significant model for food security
by implementing an SPFS project funded by Japan. As a
follow-up action the Bangladesh government has also
expanded implementation of the model using some its
own funds, while requesting further funding from FAO.
Considering the success and significance of the model
developed under this project, a new TeleFood project was
implemented beginning in December 2010, GTFS/BGD/
Food security through enhanced agricultural
production diversified sources of income, value addition and
marketing in Bangladesh – Mymensingh and Sherpur (US$
2.95 M)
funded with financial support from the Italian
trust fund and a contribution from the Bangladesh
Major achievements under SPFS:
A unique model for poverty reduction was
developed under SPFS. The model encompassed the
formation of farmer organizations (VBO), which were
registered by the government and now have legal
Capacity strengthening of VBOs and enhanced
implementation of planned activities
Yields increased up to 20 percent for different crops
by using modern farm technologies
Improving soil health for 100 percent of the
cropland in the project area by using organic
manure and compost as well as applying the
recommended amounts of chemical fertilizer with
special emphasis on ‘guti’ (USG) urea
Increasing quality seed production, preservation and
distribution practices
The area under irrigation increased by 30 percent,
while irrigation costs were reduced by 25 percent
through minimizing water conveyance losses
Self-employment opportunities were provided for
a number of poor and destitute women
The use of post-harvest machinery at project sites
reduced post-harvest losses and helped a number
of poor farmers become more food secure, because
they could rent out the use of the machinery
Nutritional status was improved when farm families
began eating a balanced and nutritious diet
A revolving fund was introduced to provide a small
amount of investment capital so farmers could run
their small-scale IGAs. The revolving funds were
generated through the accumulation of farmer
savings as well as project support.

With a view towards exploring the scale-up potential of
food security nationwide through the formulation of
a National Programme for Food Security (NPFS), a draft
plan outlining implementing of an NPFS has been
prepared by the Ministry of Agriculture covering 249 of
the most food insecure Upazilas. The proposed budget is
US$320 million, of which the government is expected
to contribute 40 percent and project beneficiaries
10 percent. External donors are expected to provide the
remaining 50 percent. This outline would serve as the
basis to formulate the NPFS.
2.5 National food policy capacity
strengthening project (NFPCSP)
The National Food Policy of Bangladesh was approved in
2006. During the formulation of the policy, the
government and development partners recognized the
need to enhance Bangladesh’s capacities to formulate
and implement food security policies. Accordingly, the
National Food Policy Capacity Strengthening Programme
(NFPCSP) was designed to strengthen the capacities of
the Food Planning and Monitoring Unit – which is the
government unit responsible for monitoring the food
security situation, providing policy guidance and
facilitating multi-sectoral coordination – and other
agencies to monitor and provide guidance on food
security policy making also based on research studies.
The project started in September 2005 and is to end in
December 2012, counting on the financial support of the
EU and USAID that committed, respectively, Euro Million
7 175 and US$ Million 7.572.
The programme and its major achievements
Since its launch in 2005, the National Food Policy
Capacity Strengthening Programme (NFPCSP) has been
instrumental in building Bangladesh’s institutional and
human capacities to design and implement food security
policies. Thus far, major achievements of the NFPCSP
Improved policy and programming frameworks for a
comprehensive and cross-sectoral approach to food security
In the past, Bangladesh’s approach to improving food
security was largely focused on food availability. As
a consequence, food security was primarily seen as
a responsibility of the agriculture sector and of the Public
Food Distribution System; important aspects related to
improving the economic and physical access to food and
the nutritional dimension of food security, on the other
hand, were largely marginalized. By providing technical
assistance, the NFPCSP has played a major role in
enhancing capacities to formulate, implement and
monitor comprehensive food security frameworks
nutrition. Two outstanding achievements include
the development of the National Food Policy Plan of
Action (2008) and the Country Investment Plan for Food
Security that was first approved in June 2010 and then
updated in March 2011. These documents provide the
Government and Development Partners with a consistent
and comprehensive framework for addressing the
availability, access and utilization dimensions of food
security across different sectors. The frameworks have also
proved to be very important instruments for aligning
Development Partners’ interventions with national
Increased human and institutional capacities of the
Government of Bangladesh
Capacity building is playing an important role in enabling
the Government to better formulate and implement food
security policies and monitor the food security situation
in the country. At the start of the project, the FPMU had
very limited office facilities and only 4 permanent with.
thanks to the support provided by the this programme,
the agency has fully functional offices, counts 12 staff
with university education in subjects closely relevant to
the mandate of the FPMU (6 have completed a MSc,
2 are in the process of completing a Ph.D. and another
3 are currently finalizing their MSc). The NFPCSP has also
enhanced the analytical skills of staff of the FPMU and
other relevant agencies through study tours and tailor
made courses (about 500 hours of in-class training) in
food security analysis, both in the country and abroad.
Knowledge- and dialogue-based decision making
Information plays an important role in improving food
security decision making. However, successful policy
making and implementation also requires achieving
consensus among the different stakeholders. This implies

that information-based decision making should not be
separated from dialogue among stakeholders. With
support from NFPCSP, the Government of Bangladesh has
established policy processes that are based on both
information and dialogue. This includes conducting
scientific research on food security and organizing regular
seminars and workshops during which the Government,
civil society representatives, development partners and
researchers discuss findings and their implications on
policy reform. So far, 44 research grants for research
projects have been awarded to 83 national institutions
and all research reports and about 90 research papers
have been completed. In addition to this, 11 Ph.D. Theses
and 42 MS dissertations have been published. Findings
from all of the research projects have been discussed in
10 large national consultative workshops and over 200
technical seminars and smaller workshops, including
representatives from civil society, government,
development partners, universities and research institutes.
This research and dialogue has contributed to putting
food security high on the research agenda, to increasing
the understanding of food security among civil society
and in improving dialogue between stakeholders In 2011,
16 new researches projects – identified in close
consultation with the FPMU – will be commissioned to
national research institutes.
Greater access to information on food security
To further facilitate and encourage the use of information
in decision making, fortnightly and quarterly food security
monitoring reports are regularly issued and a web-based
food security information system has been developed
and integrated with the new public website. These
provide decision makers and the general public with
immediate access to food security information. The
information system allows to automatically exchange
data between different agencies and automates certain
reporting functions. With a similar intention, the NFPCSP
has set up a physical and electronic Documentation
Centre that provides easy access to essential books,
documents and other reference material on food security.
Already, the online Documentation Centre is the country’s
biggest electronic repository on food security and is
constantly expanding. This contrasts with the situation at
project start, when only a very rudimentary food security
data collection system was in place, which made access
to key food security documents very difficult.
Well advised decision making
In addition to building national capacities to inform
decision making, when needed, the NFPCSP also provides
direct policy advice to Government and Development
Partners. For example, in the context of the 2007 floods
and cyclone and the 2008 food price crisis, the
programme provided information and advice to
Government and Development Partners on crucial issues
such as the National Food Budget, procurement price
fixation, and management of public stocks and safety
nets. Similarly, during the formulation of the Country
Investment Plan, the NFPCSP played a central role in
providing advice on the contents of the plan and
promoting alignment with national policy and
institutional frameworks.
Future goals:
To consolidate the above-mentioned
achievements and ensure their sustainability, the
programme will continue to focus its efforts on:

Strengthening national capacities
to monitor the
country’s food security situation and the implementation
of the National Food Policy Plan of Action and the
Country Investment Plan. This will involve supporting the
completion of postgraduate education, on-the-job
training, preparing and delivering training courses on
food security and organizing additional training abroad,
as well as facilitating inter-ministerial collaboration. A
specific effort is being made to strengthen the
institutional setting of FPMU so as to retain and make the
best use of the technical capacities that have been
Providing research-based knowledge
as well as timely
information and quality advice to policy makers on crucial
interventions by commissioning and technically
backstopping food security research, further customising
the food security information systems to the country’s
needs and expanding the network to other agencies, and
further improving the Documentation Centre
Government and Development Partners on the
implementation and monitoring of the National Food
Policy Plan of Action and the Country Investment Plan as
well as other emerging issues.
2.7 Fisheries development
1. An extensive resource base, favourable climate
conditions and expanding global markets have
created great opportunities for Bangladesh to
generate jobs and income in the fisheries and
aquaculture sectors, which would also help the
country become more food secure. Fisheries in
Bangladesh fall broadly into four areas: inland
freshwater culture fisheries; inland open water
capture fisheries; coastal fisheries and brackish water
aquaculture; and marine fisheries.
FAO has been involved in all sub-sectors of Bangladesh’s
fisheries, including extending support to reforming
fisheries policies.
The main interventions include:
Strengthening rural pond fish culture extension.
Trawl-based surveys for marine fisheries in the
The Bay of Bengal programme, which identified
overcapacity, destructive fishing practices and
equipment, and the extent of damage being caused
to fisheries resources. It made recommendations to
the Bangladesh government derived from this
As a follow up of those recommendations, the
government initiated the UNDP-FAO project called
Empowering Coastal Fishing Communities – ECFC
(US$4.88 M)
aimed at changing attitudes, em-
powering and encouraging direct participation of
communities in coastal resource management.
FAO supported the Bangladesh government in its
formulation and implementation of an HACCP-
based fish quality assurance programme for fisheries
In recent years, FAO successfully implemented
a Technical Cooperation Programme project on
shrimp seed certification systems that endeavoured
to develop a quality assurance programme for the
black tiger prawn hatchery industry. This is a real
need for the sector and should be done to avoid
further deterioration in Bangladesh’s position in the
international aquaculture product market.
Other important project support and achievements:
In the late 1970s, FAO provided support for
Bangladesh to establish fish inspection and quality
control laboratories in Khulna and Chittagong with
the objective of establishing pre-shipment
inspections and certification regarding the general

quality and bacterial count in export fish and fish
Shrimp Disease Prevention and Health
project was set up to train shrimp
farmers and field workers in the prevention and
control of shrimp disease;
The Fisheries Research Institute project helped build
national fisheries research capacity;
FAO provided fish seed, feed and fishing equipment
for the rehabilitation of fish farmers in coastal
districts who were hit by the cyclones Sidr and Aila.
The current priority for the fisheries sector is to develop
the capacity to control the quality of fish and shrimp.
However, the government alone cannot implement
a quality assurance programme. It has to be a public-
private partnership. Discussions between the government
and the private sector are needed to arrive at a consensus
on how to proceed. It is also important that the private
sector itself engage in a much more serious dialogue so
that a single voice and vision can emerge to improve the
2.8 Community livestock and dairy
development (BGD/98/009)
Community livestock and dairy development
was one of the best UNDP-funded projects implemented
by the Grameen Fisheries and Livestock Foundation
(GMPF) – a sister organization of the Grameen Bank that
receives technical support from FAO. The project was
approved on 15 July 1999 with a budget of US$3.24
million. The UNDP provided US$3.04 million and US$0.2
million came from GMPF. The ministry of finance was the
government’s cooperating agency. The project also
worked closely with the DLS.
The project was established to contribute to
the national effort to alleviate poverty by providing
a model for sustainable rural development through
livestock-based income generation in rural communities.
The model was designed to reduce poverty, enhance
development opportunities for women, improve
household food security and nutrition, and increase
family income in a sustainable way.
Outcome and achievements:
The project operated in
one of the poorest, most flood-prone areas of the
country. When it ended in December 2005, the number
of village group members had doubled from 3 275 to
6 760. Some 85 percent of the new members are landless.
There have been significant improvements in household
nutrition and earnings with daily incomes on average
increasing from US$0.19 to US$1.25.
As of September 2007, the US$3.4 million
invested in the project by UNDP and GMPF had produced
meat, milk, eggs and dung valued at almost US$7 million
at retail prices. Important outcomes were that many very
poor households rose out of poverty and large numbers
rural communities were empowered. GMPF are on target
to increase the number of VGMs from 7 670 to 10 500
during the immediate post-project period from 2006 to
2010. Some 85 percent of participants were women who
together own more than 20 000 cattle.
Lessons learned:
The successful implementation of the
Community Livestock and Dairy Development Project has
helped to place the dairy sub-sector at community level
in a good position to take advantage of recent price
increases for imported dairy products by substituting
domestically produced milk. The policies and strategies
proposed in the National Livestock Policy of 2006 and the
National Strategy of Accelerated Poverty Reduction of
2005 recognized that milk produced at the community
level can play a significant role in improving nutrition,
income and job opportunities, helping Bangladesh to
achieve its MDG goals of cutting undernutrition and
poverty by half by 2015.
Scaling up:
Investment programmes and more investors,
especially from the private sector, are needed to further
extend and expand the successes of this kind of project.
In Bangladesh there is not only a great need to develop
the livestock sector, there is much potential to do so and
this could be achieved by scaling up the successes of
earlier projects.

3. Collaboration for the long-term
Building a better future together
ince the global food crisis of 2007-2008, donor
commitments to invest in food security and
agricultural development have increased dramatically. For
instance, at the July 2009 summit in L’Aquila, Italy, donors
pledged to invest US$20 billion in food security and
agriculture over three years, both multilaterally and
bilaterally. New funding arrangements have been created,
including the
Global Agriculture and Food Security
Programme, the European Union Food Facility
and the US
Feed the Future Initiative
The increased availability of funding for food security
offers an enormous opportunity for Bangladesh. Food
security is multi-sectoral by nature and as such requires
interdependent interventions across diverse sectors such
as agriculture, health, nutrition, education and disaster
management. Without strategic planning and
coordination, it will be difficult to ensure resources are
channelled where they are most needed.
Country Investment Plan (CIP) for Investment in
Agriculture, Food Security and Nutrition
, was launched in
2010 as an integrated approach to facilitate investment
in all the dimensions of food security – availability, access
and nutrition. This government document is currently
under review, and the updated version was launched on
March 2011 at a high profile National Forum. This
will likely provide a solid platform for multi-sectoral
approaches to many of the country’s food security and
heath issues.
Bangladesh has been awarded US$52 million from the
Global Agriculture and Food Security Programme
of which FAO is the technical assistance supervisor. The
GAFSP-funded initiative is expected to serve as a seed to
germinate additional multilateral development efforts.
A master plan for the southern coasts links agriculture
and water, and fosters collaboration with other countries
on major deltas, including the Mekong Delta. This has
produced a cooperative relationship with the Dutch
Water Mondial
initiatives. These cooperative
efforts are expected to lead to larger long-term
development initiatives based on the proposed multi-
billion dollar Padma Bridge Project, that would build a rail
and road link over a vast (more than 6 km wide) river and
unlock the potentials for comprehensive southern
FAO Bangladesh now has a standard
National Medium-
Term Priority Framework (NMTPF)
and has completed the
first stage of the
Investment Assessment to 2030
. These
strategic preparations, including the NFP PoA, set the
stage for robust growth in agricultural development. This
would be in line with the country’s long-term plans to
meet the MDGs and become a middle-income country
in the coming decade.
The challenges are huge considering the additional
burden emerging from rapidly increasing food prices,
new epidemics and other food security challenges.
However, hope can be found in the recent formation of
linkages between agriculture, health and nutrition around
the world, and the collaborative clusters established
among the UN agencies, governments and private sector
resource providers. Achieving MDG 1 will require untiring
and concerted effort from all – the Bangladesh
government, the donor community, investors, academia,
financiers, farmers and civil society.
FAO Representatives in Bangladesh
David Butcher
November 1977 to June 1980
L.I.J. Silva
October 1980 to December
John A. Hoskins
January 1986 to June 1990
Peter J. Myers
September 1990 to August
Hiroyuki Konuma
April 1996 to September 1999
Ms Bui Thi Lan
July 2001 to August 2006
Ad Spijkers
October 2006 to March 2011

Annex I
and also Country Partnership Framework among
development partners.
The 26-27 May 2010 Bangladesh Food Security
Investment Forum was a world class event attended by
the top experts and policy makers in agriculture and food
security from Bangladesh and abroad. The Forum was
organized with financial contributions by USAID, scientific
inputs from IFPRI and BIDS, technical contributions by
FAO, and support from other development partners.
The forum was inaugurated by the prime minister, and
attended by the agriculture minister, the food minister,
the USAID Administrator, the head of BIDS (Bangladesh
Institute of Development Studies), the director-general of
IFPRI (International Food Policy Research Institute), the
FAO regional representative for Asia and the Pacific, and
the UN special representative on food security and
Five principles (known as
Rome Principles
), endorsed by
the international community during the Rome Summit
on World Food Security (November 2009), inspired and
guided the government leadership in the process of CIP
and ownership of the outcome document: the
investment plans for food security should be country-led,
comprehensive, coordinated, and the UN system can play
an important role in ensuring the coordination of the
actors and in securing additional funds from
development partners.
The CIP provides a coherent set of priority investment
programmes (12 at this stage) to improve food security
and nutrition in an integrated way. It is a comprehensive
plan, builds on the existing framework, reflects the
Government’s investment priorities and aims to: (i) plan
and invest resources in a coordinated way; (ii) increase
convergence and alignment of budget and external
sources of funding, and; (iii) to mobilize additional
resources. Proposed investments relate to strengthening
physical, institutional and human capacities in the field of
agriculture, water management, fisheries, livestock,
agricultural marketing, food management, safety nets,
nutrition and food safety.
Success stories
1. Making it happen in Bangladesh: Country
investment plan
Launched on 14 June 2010, Bangladesh is one of the
leading countries in the developing world, the first in
Asia, to have a comprehensive Country Investment Plan
for agriculture, food security and nutrition (CIP). FAO
joined hands with the Ministry of Food and Disaster
Management (MoFDM) in the formulation process which
proved the highest degree of commitment and
coordination for the convergence of all stakeholders
around a challenging task.
Commitments of global leadership in L’Aquila, Rome,
Pittsburg, New York and elsewhere led to new initiatives
like the Global Food Security Investment Fund (GAFSP),
and President Obama’s
Feed the Future initiative
demanding, at the same time, strategic readiness with
country-led and country-owned instruments.
An inclusive CIP that incorporates the interests of the
public and private sectors and promotes a convergence
among the government, development partners (DP) and
other stakeholders, is considered as a key strategic step
for sustainable investment.
FAO supported the government, under funding from
USAID and EC, in the formulation of its National Food
Policy Plan of Action (PoA) for 2008-2015, in May 2008.
This PoA provided the launching pad for the subsequent
actions. Now, Bangladesh is strategically in a position to
embark on large investment initiatives for sustainable
food security.
The Local Consultative Group on Agriculture, Rural
Development and Food Security (LCG-ARDFS), chaired by
FAO since 2007, played a pioneering role in many of the
initiatives. The LCG platform provides with the
opportunity for convergence and harmonization in aid
effectiveness as envisaged in Paris Declaration and Accra
Agenda for Action. A Joint Cooperation Strategy (JCS) was
signed between the government and the development
partners (DP) in June 2010 that makes way for CIP

The Forum provided a perfect stage for reviewing the
draft CIP towards a comprehensive document. Following
the formulation and endorsement of CIP, Bangladesh
applied for funding under GAFSP on 14 June and is
expected to be one of the first beneficiary countries
receiving assistance.
New technological and agronomic interventions, as
discussed for a second green revolution, should give prior
attention to, inter alia, government ownership and
leadership, convergence and harmonization in aid
through close interactions between the government and
DP, and inclusive and integrated planning that promotes
the private sector participation also.
2. The national food policy and plan of action
Since the global food crisis of 2007-2008, donor
commitments to invest in food security and agricultural
development have increased drastically. For instance, at
the July 2009 G8 summit in L’Aquila, donors committed
to invest USD20 billion in food security and agriculture
over three years, both multilaterally and bilaterally. New
funding arrangements have been created including the
Global Agriculture and Food Security Programme, the
European Union Food Facility and the US Feed the Future
The increased availability of funding for food security
offers an enormous opportunity for Bangladesh. However,
it might also present unprecedented challenges to
channel resources efficiently and coherently. Food
security is multi-sectoral by nature, and as such requires
interdependent interventions across diverse sectors such
as agriculture, health, nutrition, education and disaster
management. Without strategic planning and
coordination, it will thus be difficult to ensure resources
are channeled to where they are needed most.
To provide food security actors in Bangladesh with
a strategic orientation in food security planning, the
government of Bangladesh designed and approved the
National Food Policy (2006) and Plan of Action (2008-
2015). The latter translates three core objectives of the
policy into strategic areas of intervention and priority
actions: Adequate and stable supply of safe and nutritious
food; Increased purchasing power and access to food of
the people; and adequate nutrition for all individuals,
especially women and children.
Special care was taken to align the National Food Policy
with Bangladesh’s overall development strategy. The
document is consistent with all relevant sectoral policies
and broader policy frameworks, thus making it a suitable
instrument to align donors’ interventions with
government priorities.
The Plan of Action also identifies relevant actors and
suggests a set of policy targets and indicators to monitor
progress in the implementation of the National Food
Policy. While progress has been achieved in increasing
rice production, in reducing the prevalence of
malnourishment and in lowering the number of
underweight children, monitoring of the Plan of Action
identified several areas that require increased attention by
the Government of Bangladesh and international donors.
Filling the gaps
Evidence shows that, while production has substantially
grown, Bangladesh still needs to further increase and
diversify agricultural output. To improve the availability of
food, investments are needed to intensify and diversify
food production and increase its sustainability; support
adaptation to climate change; and develop agricultural
marketing and infrastructure.
Specific entry points for action include increasing
research and extension capacities, with special attention
to the development of new rice and non-rice varieties;
developing programmes on crop diversification and
increasing funding to livestock and fisheries sectors;
facilitating access to agricultural inputs and credit and
ensuring that fertilizers and pesticides are used
sustainably; and protecting producers’ incentives by
strengthening procurement programmes.
Another important food security challenge is to increase
the number of people who can access sufficient and
nutritious food. Investments to eradicate income poverty,
with a particular emphasis on the most vulnerable
groups, and improved risk management, will help
increase and stabilize access to food. Among other things,
this involves promoting income generation in rural areas

Title Symbol EOD NTE Budget ($)
Sustainable Livelihood Development of Urban Poor
through Improved Management of Urban and BGD/98/006/ /01/99 2005 2007 430 155
Peri-urban Agricultural Micro-enterprises
National Food Policy Capacity Strengthening
GCP/BGD/034/MUL 2005 2010 6 953 944
Local Level Capacity Building for Disaster Risk
Management in Agriculture (LDRRF, Compoent 3c BGD/01/004/ / 01/31 2006 2007 93 879
of the CDMP): Inter-agency Agreement number 26001
Emergency control of the spread of Post-flood Foot
and Mouth Disease in Bangladesh through Strategic OSRO/BGD/701/CHA 2007 2007 337 256
TCP Facility TCP/BGD/3103 2007 2008 121 162
Emergency agricultural response to cyclone-affected
OSRO/BGD/702/CHA 2007 2008 1 000 000
farmers and fishing communities
Emergency response to cyclone Sidr affected farmers
and fishers in the worst affected districts of South-West OSRO/BGD/703/BEL 2007 2008 2 000 000
Emergency Response and Early Recovery for flood-
OSRO/BGD/704/SWI 2007 2009 2 243 919
and cyclone-affected farmers in Bangladesh
Developing a national shrimp seed certification system TCP/BGD/3101 2008 2009 391 348
Assistance in the formulation of enabling regulatory
measures for research and sustainable application TCP/BGD/3102 2008 2009 330 000
of biotechnology
Strengthening Capacity to Generate Quality Information
TCP/BGD/3104 2008 2008 26 690
on Forest Resource – Phase II of TCP/BGD/3001
Emergency response to Cyclone Sidr and Flood affected
farmers through agricultural input supply and BGD/08/001/ /01/34 2008 2009 1 800 000
Foot-and-Mouth Disease vaccination for livestock
TCP Facility TCP/BGD/3201 2008 2011 298 518
Input supply to vulnerable populations under ISFP
TCP/BGD/3202 2008 2009 500 000
(Recoded from Entity no. 605708)
Emergency Restoration of Livelihoods of Impoverished
Households Living on Embankments and Affected OSRO/BGD/801/SPA 2008 2009 2 089 136
by Cyclone Sidr.
Emergency Recovery of the Agriculture Sector and
Rehabilitation of Livelihoods in Areas of Bagerhat OSRO/BGD/802/SWI 2008 2009 493 776
District Severely Affected by Cyclone Sidr
National Food Policy Capacity Strengthening
Programme (NFPCSP) USA – GCP/BGD/037/MUL 2009 2012 5 082 460
(Phase II of GCP/BGD/034/MUL)
National Food Policy Capacity Strengthening
Programme (NFPCSP) EC – (Phase II of GCP/BGD/034/ GCP/BGD/037/MUL 2009 2012 5 307 227
Improving food safety, quality, hygiene and food
GCP/BGD/038/EC 2009 2010 9 207 536
control in Bangladesh

Title Symbol EOD NTE Budget ($)
Assistance in the data processing and analysis of
TCP/BGD/3203 2009 2011 165 000
the Bangladesh census of agriculture
Emergency safety net for vulnerable groups affected
by high food prices and natural disasters in Bangladesh OSRO/BGD/901/WFP 2009 2010 500 000
– homestead gardening.
Emergency Provision of Agricultural Inputs to Cyclone
TCP/BGD/3204 2009 2010 490 000
Aila Affected Farmers in Southwestern Bangladesh
Immediate technical assistance to strengthen
emergency preparedness for Highly Pathogenic
Avian Influenza (HPAI), including active surveillance – OSRO/BGD/902/USA 2009 2011 5 332 800
Strengthening emergency preparedness and Response
for HPAI – (Grant number GHA-G-00-06-00001)
Enhancing rural communication services for agricultural
TCP/BGD/3205 2010 2011 457 500
development through community rural radio
Protecting and Promoting Food Security and Nutrition
UNJP/BGD/042/SPA 2010 2013 2 289 498
for Families and Children in Bangladesh (MDGF-1994)
Support to assist landless, marginal and small farmers
to overcome soaring input and food prices in GCP/BGD/043/EC 2010 2011 8 981 063
impoverished areas of Bangladesh
Emergency Cyclone Recovery and Restoration Project
UTF/BGD/040/BGD 2010 2013 16 000 000
Developing a National Shrimp Seed Certification
TCP/BGD/3206 2010 2010 25 530
System in Bangladesh – Phase II of TCP/BGD/3101
Bangladesh Avian Influenza preparedness and
UTF/BGD/036/BGD 2010 2012 1 082 167
Response project
TCP Facility TCP/BGD/3301 2010 2011 162 226
Food Security through enhanced agricultural
production diversified sources of income, GTFS/BGD/041/ITA 2010 2014 2 954 210
value addition and marketing in Bangladesh
Restoration of the Livelihood of 1 000 Women Severely
OSRO/BGD/002/SWI 2010 2011 200 000
Affected by Cyclone Aila in Southwestern Bangladesh
Immediate Assistance to Restore the Livelihoods
of Women and Fish Farmers Severely Affected OSRO/BGD/001/SPA 2010 2011 855 052
by Cyclones in Southwestern Bangladesh

AO Representation in Bangladesh
FAO Representative:
Dhanmondi Residential Area Mailing address: P.O. Box 5039 (New Market), 1205 Dhaka
Road No. 8, House No. 37 Tel: (+880-2) 811 8015 Ext. 212
Dhaka 1205, Bangladesh Fax: (+880-2) 811 3446
E-mail: [email protected]
This report has been taken from FAO website for further dissemination.The report may be seen read from the following link:

Entomology News

Dear Readers,

I am very happy to inform you that from now on information about the science of entomology and the work and achievements of entomologists will be published in my website

You are requested to kindly visit the news items as they are published from time to time.

To begin with, I am pleased to share with you two news of joy for the entomologists of Bangladesh.

Krishibid Entomologist Dr. Mohammad Abdul Hamid Miah has been  Chosen for Independence Award of Bangladesh for 2013

Krishibid Entomologist Dr. Mohammad Abdul Hamid Miah has been  Chosen for Independence Award of Bangladesh for 2013

Dr. Mohammad Abdul Hamid Miah will be bestowed the honour for his research on agriculture and its development.(Source:

Dr. Mohammad Abdul Hamid Miah has a very illustrious career. He served as the Executive Chairman of Bangladesh Agricultural Research Council( BARC),Director General ,Bangladesh Jute Research Institute(BJRI),Director General ,Bangladesh Rice Research Institute(BRRI) and Liaison Scientist for Bangladesh of International Rice Research Institute( IRRI).

Bangladesh Entomological Society(BES) has  adopted the decision to congratulate and offer reception to Dr. Mohammad Abdul Hamid Miah   in its 49th meeting of the Executive Council of BES held on 16 March 2013 in the Entomology Department of Bangladesh Agricultural Research Institute(BARI).


Krishibid Entomologist Dr.Md. Mahbubar Rahman has been appointed as the Vice Chancellor of Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman Agricultural University (BSMRAU)

Krishibid Entomologist Dr.Md. Mahbubar Rahman  ,Professor, Department of Entomology, Faculty of Agriculture,Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman Agricultural University (BSMRAU) has been appointed as the Vice Chancellor of Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman Agricultural University (BSMRAU).

Krishibid Entomologist Dr.Md. Mahbubar Rahman  is the current Professor in the Department of Entomology, Faculty of Agriculture,Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman Agricultural University (BSMRAU) and the  President of Bangladesh Entomological Society.He served as the Director (P&D) of  BSMRAU and as International Consultant (Intermittent) of UNFAO (TCIN) .

Dr.Md. Mahbubar Rahman maintained excellent result in all public examinations. He has  Bachelor degree in Agriculture (1977), Masters in Entomology (1979) and PhD in Entomology (1985) with major in Pesticide Toxicology and minor in Agrochemicals and  IPM.He has undergone several professional national and international trainings on pesticide management and IPM. team takes the opportunity to congratulate Krishibid Entomologist Dr. Mohammad Abdul Hamid Miah and Krishibid Entomologist Dr.Md. Mahbubar Rahman for glorifying the community of Entomologists of Bangladesh.The team will  publish special features on the dignitaries soon.

Best regards,

Dr.Syed Md.Zainul Abedin


Chilli : A Poem by Dr.Syed Md. Zainul Abedin

My garden has a new guest
It has seized our normal rest
It is a wonderful chilli plant
Sprouting from a seed it grew so smart

Saw a tiny green baby in the pot
Then magics happened on the spot

Branches came as quick surprise
Green leaves reached full size

Cleaned the weeds by manual toil
Supplied manures to the barren soil

Leaves glittered as we sprayed water
Applied some egg shell powder

Checked the plant for any bug
Sunshine and air gave their hug

Small buds peeped on the stems
They formed flowers like white gems

Suddenly we saw a chilly fruit
It hang among leaves and shoot

The chilli plant is a great treasure
We immensely enjoy its divine pleasure

International Jute Study Group (IJSG)

International Jute Study Group (IJSG) is located in Dhaka,the capital of  Bangladesh.Its mandate and activities are presented in its website, .Some important features of this organization has been given here for further dissemination on the basis of the website.

The International Jute Study Group (IJSG) is an intergovernmental body set up under the aegis of UNCTAD to function as the International Commodity Body (ICB) for Jute, Kenaf and other Allied Fibres.

The International Jute Study Group (IJSG) is  the legal successor of  the erstwhile International Jute Organisation (IJO), was established on 27 April 2002.

The objectives and    Functions  of  IJSG are presented below.


The objectives of the Group are:

(a)To provide an effective framework for international cooperation, consultation and policy development among members with regard to all relevant aspects of the world of jute economy;

(b)To promote the expansion of international trade in jute and jute products by maintaining existing markets and by developing new markets, including the introduction of new jute products and the development of new end-uses;

(c)To provide a forum for the active participation of the private sector in the development of the jute sector;

(d) To address the issues of poverty alleviation, employment and development of human resources, particularly women, in the jute sector;

(e) To facilitate the improvement of structural conditions in the jute sector through improvement of productivity and quality, and promotion of the application of new processes and technologies;

(f) To create and increase awareness of the beneficial effects of the use of jute as an environmentally friendly, renewable and biodegradable natural fibre;

(g) To improve market intelligence with a view to ensuring greater transparency in the international jute market in collaboration with other organizations, including the Food and Agricultural  Organization of the United Nations (FAO).

In pursuance of its objectives, the Group has the following functions:

(a) To develop an appropriate strategy for the improvement of the world jute economy with particular emphasis on generic promotion of jute and jute products;

(b) To conduct consultations and exchanges of information on the international jute economy;

(c) To initiate, sponsor, supervise, monitor and act as a catalyst with respect to projects and related activities aimed at improving the structural conditions of the world jute economy and the general economic well-being of those employed therein. In exceptional cases, the involvement of the Group in the implementation of projects shall be approved by the Council, provided that this involvement shall not bring about any additional costs for the administrative budget of the Group;

(d) To provide and improve statistics and market intelligence on jute and jute-based products in consultation with the Food and Agricultural Organization of the United Nations and other appropriate bodies;

(e) To undertake studies on various aspects of the world jute economy and related issues; and

(f)  To consider problems or difficulties which may arise in the international jute economy.

In implementing its functions above, the Group shall take into account the activities of other relevant international organizations, including the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO).




The River : A Poem by Dr.Syed Md. Zainul Abedin

The river stinks
It’s a hell on the earth
My mood sinks
As I miss its mirth

I can’t measure
The extent of pollution
The precious treasure
Has become a delusion

The river is full of venom
It jumps out to bite one and all
There lives danger in each atom
You will be killed soon if you fall

The river is a pool of sin
Effusion of humanity drains into its stream
Signs of death dance and grin
Frustration and fear make me scream