Mind reads other minds
Fails to listen its own song
Needs to learn the self
Mind reads other minds
Fails to listen its own song
Needs to learn the self
Its beauty grows forever
Love to see winners
Soup like food
Cooked rice with water
Once I met a boy seven years old
He was like a flower with flair of gold
I was a guest in their lovely home
He was shy to enter my room
I called him to make him easy
Soon he became my friend and busy
He was curious about me and my passion
He surprised me with question after question
I wondered how to manage a genius like him
He dwelt on wonderful artistic theme
He brought his scrapbook to show his treasure
His joy for sharing was my pleasure
My sojourn was coming to an end
This news saddened my little friend
He looked pale and approached slowly
His eyes were in tears mixed with glee
He extended his hands to offer a gift
I was surprised to see the sudden shift
He gave me an art of a lovely place
It charmed my heart with its divine grace
He painted a village with a flowing river
People enjoyed the blessing of the Great Giver
I stood speechless in front of the artist boy
Then silently left his home with immense joy
The important Blog on urban food security has been taken from the link : http://blogs.adb.org/blog/can-urban-food-security-be-part-solution-rather-problem of Asian Development Blog for further dissemination.
Please read the blog and think how the wonderful idea may be translated into reality in your urban areas to reduce the risk of food insecurity.
Written by Lourdes S. Adriano, Agriculture, Food Security and Rural Development Advisor and concurrently Practice Leader
We all grew up around the stereotype that the farmers grow the food and the cities consume the food. Can and should city residents also produce the food that they consume?
The idea is certainly not far-fetched.
Food prices continue to increase and remain volatile. Scarce and deteriorated natural resource base coupled with rising occurrence of extreme weather is making it difficult for rural food producers to keep pace with an increasing population, rising incomes, and changing food diets.
By 2050, 67% of the estimated 5.1 billion people in Asia will be residing in the cities. The bulk of global food demand will come from Asia’s emerging urban centers whose demand for food will rise by as much as 163% between 2009 and 2050. The bulk of food supply will also have to be produced in developing economies.
Asian cities will need to be part of the food security solution rather than be the viewed as the source of the problem.
In his talk at ADB in July last year, Prof. Paul Teng of Singapore’s Nanyang Technological University provided instructive examples how urban farming is becoming part of the solution in the global quest for food security—using less land, less water and less labor.
In Singapore, which imports over 90% of its food given limited land resources and a largely urbanized environment, new strategies are being employed to increase food supply. These include vertical farming through the use of rooftops, fishery production, and the creation of specialty farms such as mushroom and goat. Last year, the first vertical vegetable farm using stacked rotating trays was launched.
Similarly, urban and peri-urban forms of agriculture are being developed in other Asian countries even as small to mid-sized cities still have substantial parts of their landscape occupied by farming activities. Hanoi reportedly produces up to 80% of fresh vegetables; 50% of pork, poultry, and fresh water fish; and 40% of eggs. Shanghai likewise reportedly supplies the bulk of its needs for vegetables, milk, eggs, pork, and poultry.
Across Asia, increased interest in urban farming has fast-tracked a slew of modern technologies to alleviate food insecurity and poverty—hydroponics (growing plants in water), aeroponics (growing plants suspended in air), and aquaponics (combining vegetable hydroponics with fish culture).
In the People’s Republic of China (PRC) as well as in Singapore, commercial aeroponic vegetable farms are in production. In Zhejiang Province, PRC, 1 rooftop rice farm has yielded over 9 tons per hectare. In the south of Seoul, a dedicated multistory building was built to be a prototype vertical farm, using the latest in growing technology, lighting, and electronics.
In the Philippines, the NGO Gawad Kalinga not only helps build houses for the urban poor but also helps empower them to be food self-sufficient. Volunteers conduct training on backyard farming, poultry raising, and urban agriculture, which optimize unused spaces in the community.
In other parts of the world, city dwellers are also testing the limitless possibilities of urban farming. The case of Ron Finley is a riveting example. Fed up with the unhealthy “food desert” surrounding his children in South Central Los Angeles, he took a shovel and planted vegetables in the strip of dirt at the curbside in front of his house. When the city tried to shut down his little garden, Finley’s lone fight for healthy, accessible food sparked a community movement to convert abandoned lots, curbsides¸ and traffic islands into edible plots.
These various examples show the way how cities can play a bigger role in food security while building a sense of community and the pathways to a green economy. They may not provide a full solution to food and nutrition insecurity but are part and parcel of it.
Change can begin in small steps, and it begins now.
A seminar was held on how does the importance of different species change when economists consider gender concerns?(Gender Concerns When Noah Prioritizes Biodiversity) in Dhaka University,Dhaka,Bangladesh on 25 May 2013.The speaker of the seminar was David W.Martin PhD,Professor of Economics,Davidson College,Davidson,USA who is also a Fulbright-Nehru Research Scholar at Institute of Economic Growth,University of Delhi,Delhi,India.
The seminar was jointly organized by The Zoological Society of Bangladesh(ZSB) and The Department of Zoology,Dhaka University,Dhaka,Bangladesh.The seminar was chaired by Dr.Manjur A.Chowdhury,President,ZSB and it was graced by Mr.Sayed Marghub Murshed,former Secretary of the Government of Bangladesh as the chief guest.They presented valuable speech citing various aspects of biodiversity.The seminar began by the welcome address of Professor Dr.M.A.Bashar.General Secretary,ZSB ,Dr.M.Niamul Naser introduced the speaker, David W.Martin PhD,Professor of Economics,Davidson College,Davidson,USA.Vote of thanks was offered by Dr.Moksed Ali Howlader,Chairman,Department of Zoology,Dhaka University.
The abstract of the seminar has been presented below for the information of interested persons.
Because the financial commitments to preserve biodiversity fall short of what is needed,the elements of biodiversity must be prioritized so that limited funds can be used most effectively.The key issue I address here is the weaknesses of species prioritization mechanisms with respect to gender concerns. I begin by defining biodiversity,gender,and economic development.Finally,I conclude by demonstrating that the net impacts of those biases could lead to either a deflation or an inflation of the ranking for species valued by women and by discussing the implications of that complexity.
You are a treasure of color and fashion,
Gerbera,you are my love and passion.
I feel a great joy and mood of freedom,
When you greet everyone with your blossom.
I love the play of morning breeze with you,
When it sways your petals with shining dew.
Your beauty can charm the old and young,
You tie a pair of amorous man and woman.
A home glitters with your lovely smile,
Your garden invites bee and butterfly.
You change the earth to a piece of paradise,
You are a sweet angel in magical guise.
Sweet gerbera,I greet you again and again.
I love you in sunshine and I love you in rain.
A national seminar on Floriculture Development in Bangladesh was held on 18 May,2013 in the Seminar Room of Bangladesh Agricultural Research Council (BARC) under the sponsorship of the Second Crop Diversification Project (SCDP) of the Department of Agricultural Extension(DAE).It may be mentioned that Second Crop Diversification Project (SCDP) is funded by Asian Development Bank (ADB) which is being implemented in 52 Upazilas of 27 districts of southwest and northwest regions of Bangladesh.It is one of the most vital projects implemented by Department of Agricultural Extension(DAE) under the guidance of the Ministry of Agriculture of Bangladesh.
The day-long event was participated by flower growers,flower traders,policy makers,representatives from concerned ministries,universities,research bodies,department,media and related organizations.
The inaugural session of the seminar started with recitation from the Holy Quran under the chairmanship of Mr.Mukul Chandra Roy,Director General,Department of Agricultural Extension(DAE).
Mr.Md.Hamidur Rahman,Project Director,Second Crop Diversification Project (SCDP) welcomed the participants in the important seminar.
Dr.N.K.Dadlani,International Floriculture Specialist,Second Crop Diversification Project (SCDP),presented the keynote paper.The keynote paper embodied the all aspects of the flower industry of Bangladesh .Dr.Abdul Jalil Bhuiyan,Director(Support Services),Bangladesh Agricultural Research Institute (BARI),Dr.Wais Kabir,Executive Chairman,Bangladesh Agricultural Research Council (BARC) and Mr.Anwar Faruque,Additional Secretary,Ministry of Agriculture and Director General,Seed Wing presented valuable remarks on the keynote paper as special guests of the seminar.
Mr.Mike Robson,the FAO Representative in Bangladesh spoke in the seminar.He wished the seminar on floriculture development in Bangladesh a success.
Dr.S.M.Nazmul Islam, Secretary,Ministry of Agriculture who graced the seminar as the chief guest presented his precious remarks with assurance of promoting the flower industry of Bangladesh.
The inaugural session of the seminar was concluded with the remarks of the chair Mr.Mukul Chandra Roy,,Department of Agricultural Extension(DAE) and vote of thanks of Mr.Abul Ashraf.DTL,SCDP.
There were two Technical Sessions in the seminar .The Technical Session I entitled,’Flower Production Systems’ was chaired by Dr.Khalequzzaman Akand Choudhury,Member Director(Crops),Bangladesh Agricultural Research Council (BARC) while the Co-Chair of the session was Dr.M.Mofazzal Hossain,Professor of Horticulture,Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman Agricultural University(BSMRAU),Gazipur.
Dr.Farjana Nasrin Khan,National Floriculture Specialist,Second Crop Diversification Project (SCDP) presented her paper in this session as the lead discussant.
Dr.Kabita Anjuman Ara of BARI,Mr.Sudhir Chandra Nath of BRAC and Mr.Md.Sher Ali Sardar,pioneer farmer of commercial floriculture in Bangladesh discussed as panelists in this session.Many participants including Dr.Syed Md.Zainul Abedin, Retired officer of DAE also discussed in this important session.
Technical Session II, entitled,’Flower Market Development’ was chaired by General Manager(Seed Wing),Bangladesh Agricultural Development Corporation(BADC).
Mr.Reza Ahmed Khan,Assistant Chief,Department of Agricultural Marketing(DAM) presented the lead discussion.t
A number of panelists and many participants discussed on this aspect of flower industry.The panelists were Mr.Abul Ashraf.DTL,SCDP,Dr.Md.Anisur Rahman,HORTEX,Md.Abdur Rahim,President,Godkhali Flower Farmers and Flower Traders Welfare Society and Mr.Babul Proshad,President,Dhaka Flower Traders Welfare Society.Among the participants Professor Dr.Golam Rabbani,Department of Horticulture,Bangladesh Agricultural University,Mymensingh contributed valuable points on the basis of his long association with flower growers and traders of Bangladesh.
The last event of the seminar was Plenary Session which was graced by Dr.Mihir Kanti Majumder, Secreatary ,Rural Development and Cooperative Division as the chief guest.The special guests of this session were Mr.Zahir Uddin Ahmed ndc,Chairman,Bangladesh Agricultural Development Corporation(BADC) and Mr.Mukul Chandra Roy,Director General,Department of Agricultural Extension(DAE).The session was chaired by Mr.Md.Khalil Azad,Additional Director(Administration & Personnel),Department of Agricultural Extension.
Mr.Md.Hamidur Rahman,Project Director,Second Crop Diversification Project (SCDP) presented the draft recommendations of the seminar.
Draft recommendations of the seminar were as follows:
1.Study for developing comprehensive information across the floriculture value chain.In doing so,DAE existing field staff can be
used for conducting such survey,data and information collection.
2.Developing a quality planting materials supply system(BARI—->DAE/BADC/Private Sector/Large NGO—->Flower Farmers) using nurseries,BADC and following nursery guideline.
3.Facilitate establishment of market infrastructure.In doing so,DAE should form a committee to identify concrete steps for using the NCDP central market in Gabtoli.
4.Although floriculture driven,local demand also should be given emphasis.
5.Use of reefer vans purchased under NCDP should be used for transporting flower to the market from production areas.
6.Varietal developmental through strengthening research and development system.
7.Mass multiplication of quality planting materials.
8.Developing and strengthening capacity of human resources engaging research,development and extension through training and study visits.
9.Improve scientific post harvest technologies development and dissemination.
10.Design and establish proper poly houses.
11.Involving more women in the floriculture industries.
12.Encourage involvement of the private sector specially the large NGO e.g.BRAC.
13.Consider BARI regional centre Jessore/or the centres nearby flower producing areas with focus on floriculture.Also link BADC Jessore with this centre.
14.Develop better coordination between technology developers and extension agencies and link them suitably with technology users(farmers).
15.Assign a Deputy Director of Department of Agricultural Extension(DAE) in charge of extension,coordination and monitoring of floricultural activities.
16.Make available the inputs (imported) other than seeds with no taxes or minimum taxes.
17.Arrange floriculture loan with low rate of interest.
18.Specialized cold store should be established for flower seeds.
19.Identification of marketing constraints(backward and forward linkage) and designing inventions to overcome such constraints.
20.Flower should be included under crops and develop variety wise production target at upazilla level in order to plan and make available the required planting materials,inputs and technologies.
21.A national guideline should be developed on Floriculture Industry.
22.Introduce new/modern varieties of flowers from abroad and establish their multiplication facilities at HDTC units of DAE.
23.Undertaking or proposing any post-harvest investment (e.g. transporting flowers by reefer vans) should investigate the cost effectiveness otherwise the cost might be higher than the sale price.
24.To reduce the production cost of gerbera appropriate (quality) polyethylene should be manufactured.
25.BARI should develop low cost cooling system for corm (rhizome).
26.Arrange construction of packaging and storage shade for unsold flowers.
27.Freight policy in Bangladesh is not favorable towards exporting flowers,government should change the policy to make it favorable to small flower farmers.
28.Market management and leasing arrangement policy need to changed to make it more favorable for not only for flower farmers but also for other HVC farmers.
After the presentation of draft recommendations the special guests and chief guest spoke on various aspects of the draft recommendations.Director General,Department of Agricultural Extension(DAE) emphasized that the survey should be simple.
He also assured to propose Credit Norms for sanctioning loans for flowers to Bangladesh Bank.
Mr.Zahir Uddin Ahmed ndc,Chairman,Bangladesh Agricultural Development Corporation(BADC) informed that capacity building is under process of DAE through the Revisit Plan in which floriculture will be given due importance.The proposed revisit plan proposed to divide the present Food Crops Wing of Department of Agricultural Extension(DAE) into two wings:1.Crops Wing, and 2.Horticulture Wing.There will be required number of personnel in Horticulture Wing to cater extension services to all components of horticulture e.g. floriculture, vegetable culture, fruit culture and spice culture.
Dr.Mihir Kanti Majumder, Secreatary ,Rural Development and Cooperative Division presented the speech of chief guest emphasizing the scope and means of floriculture industry of Bangladesh.
The Plenary Session of the seminar was concluded with the remarks of the chair, Mr.Md.Khalil Azad and vote of thanks of Mr.Md.Anwarul Hoque,SM&EO,SCDP.
I hope that the seminar may be very instrumental in promoting the flower sector of Bangladesh.