Monthly Archives: November 2013

Malice : A Poem by Dr Syed Md Zainul Abedin

Listen to the story of an innocent boy
He bought birds to share his care
They were his passion and not any toy

Lovely little birds were source of joy
Their songs brought children from far and near
Listen to the story of an innocent boy

The birds din’t like who came to annoy
They enjoyed melodies of songs on prayer
They were his passion and not any toy

One day a jealous youth made a ploy
He dropped poison into the feeder
Listen to the story of an innocent boy

The dirty youth learnt only to destroy
His nasty act brought tears and despair
They were his passion and not any toy

Malice of people snatch away joy
Let’s hate their ugly and  sinful affair
Listen to the story of an innocent boy
They were his passion and not any toy




Typhoon : A Poem by Dr Syed Md Zainul Abedin

Homes were ruined by the howling typhoon
Dead bodies are scattered everywhere
Survivors need food and help very soon

People were busy with work till late noon
They could not imagine of any disaster
Homes were ruined by the howling typhoon

The fury of the storm swallowed sun and moon
Thousands of lives instantly died there
Survivors need food and help very soon

Peace and happiness prevailed in full tune
Sudden wrath of nature snatched divine care
Homes were ruined by the howling typhoon

You can hear only scream,lament and groan
Please rush to them with anything to share
Survivors need food and help very soon

Humans can’t be selfish and hide in their cocoon
They need to show humanity to their peer 
Homes were ruined by the howling typhoon
Survivors need food and help very soon
(Written as an appeal to the peoples and international bodies of the world to help the survivors of Typhoon “Haiyan” that devastated the Philippines.)

Please rush to help the survivors of Typhoon “Haiyan” that hit the Philippines

 

Enjoy reading the reviews in www.writerscafe.org at the following link:

http://www.writerscafe.org/writing/zainul/1266671/

 

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Aflatoxins – finding solutions for improved food safety

Considering the danger of Aflatoxins for humans and animals ,I have taken the information from http://www.ifpri.org, the website of International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI) for further dissemination.I received the information from the following link which was found in an e-mail sent to me by IFPRI:

http://www.ifpri.org/publication/aflatoxins-finding-solutions-improved-food-safety?utm_source=New+At+IFPRI&utm_campaign=ff8a9343bc-New_at_IFPRI_Nov_7_2013&utm_medium=email&utm_term=0_7b974d57a5-ff8a9343bc-69070549

 

Aflatoxins – finding solutions for improved food safety

Aflatoxins are a naturally occurring carcinogenic byproduct of common fungi on grains and other crops, particularly maize and groundnuts. They pose a significant public health risk in many tropical developing countries and are also a barrier to the growth of domestic and international commercial markets for food and feed. In recent years the aflatoxin problem has garnered greatly increased attention from both policy and donor communities around the globe.

What can be done to reduce the detrimental impacts of aflatoxins? Because growth of the molds that produce aflatoxins is caused by multiple factors, and because they must be controlled along the entire value chain from production to consumption, only a robust multifaceted approach to controlling aflatoxins is likely to be effective.

The nineteen briefs in this set thus provide different perspectives on aflatoxin risks and solutions. The analyses fall under four broad themes: (1) what is known about the health risks from aflatoxins; (2) how to overcome market constraints to improved aflatoxin control by building new market channels and incentives; (3) what is the international policy context for taking action in developing countries; and (4) what is the state of research on new aflatoxin control technologies, including new methods for aflatoxin detection, crop breeding, biological control, food storage and handling, and postharvest mitigation.

These briefs collectively provide a much clearer picture of the state of current efforts at combatting aflatoxins. They also identify what gaps loom particularly large—including the need for contry-specific risk analysis and for testing integrated solutions for the entire supply chain—in our global efforts to effectively reduce human exposure to aflatoxins and increase the economic returns to smallholders in agriculture.

Download

Full text
Table of Contents and Introduction
1. Tackling Aflatoxins: An Overview of Challenges and Solutions
Laurian Unnevehr and Delia Grace
2. Aflatoxicosis: Evidence from Kenya
Abigael Obura
3. Aflatoxin Exposure and Chronic Human Diseases: Estimates of Burden of Disease
Felicia Wu
4. Child Stunting and Aflatoxins
Jef L. Leroy
5. Animals and Aflatoxins
Delia Grace
6. Managing Mycotoxin Risks in the Food Industry: The Global Food Security Link
David Crean
7. Farmer Perceptions of Aflatoxins: Implications for Intervention in Kenya
Sophie Walker and Bryn Davies
8. Market-led Aflatoxin Interventions: Smallholder Groundnut Value Chains in Malawi
Andrew Emmott
9. Aflatoxin Management in the World Food Programme through P4P Local Procurement
Stéphane Méaux, Eleni Pantiora, and Sheryl Schneider
10. Reducing Aflatoxins in Africa’s Crops: Experiences from the Aflacontrol Project
Clare Narrod
11. Cost-Effectiveness of Interventions to Reduce Aflatoxin Risk
Felicia Wu
12. Trade Impacts of Aflatoxin Standards
Devesh Roy
13. Codex Standards: A Global Tool for Aflatoxin Management
Renata Clarke and Vittorio Fattori
14. The Role of Risk Assessment in Guiding Aflatoxin Policy
Delia Grace and Laurian Unnevehr
15. Mobilizing Political Support: Partnership for Aflatoxin Control in Africa
Amare Ayalew, Wezi Chunga, and Winta Sintayehu
16. Biological Controls for Aflatoxin Reduction
Ranajit Bandyopadhyay and Peter J. Cotty
17. Managing Aflatoxin Contamination of Maize: Developing Host Resistance
George Mahuku, Marilyn L. Warburton, Dan Makumbi, and Felix San Vicente
18. Reducing Aflatoxins in Groundnuts through Integrated Management and Biocontrol
Farid Waliyar, Moses Osiru, Hari Kishan Sudini, and Samuel Njoroge
19. Improving Diagnostics for Aflatoxin Detection
Jagger Harvey, Benoit Gnonlonfin, Mary Fletcher, Glen Fox, Stephen Trowell, Amalia Berna, Rebecca Nelson, and Ross Darnell
References

Author:
Unnevehr, Laurian (ed)
Grace, Delia (ed)
Published date:
2013
Publisher:
International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI)
PDF file:
application/pdf icon

focus20.pdf(3.9MB)

 

 

Manner : A Poem by Dr Syed Md Zainul Abedin

 

 

Some love to compare and sigh for no reason

As if they are captive in the self made prison


They  always  try to measure others’ treasure

They feel jealous when others seem better


They gloat if others have less than them

And make all efforts to feel deep shame


I hate those who find joy in humiliation

They are like beast in the shape of human


Their manner hurts many innocent hearts

They are always merciless and harsh


I hope such people will change for ever

To live with others for friendly favor



Overcoming smallholder challenges with biotechnology(Taken from FAO website for further dissemination)

The article is taken from FAO website for further dissemination.This article may be accessed at the following link:

http://www.fao.org/news/story/en/item/202820/icode/

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Overcoming smallholder challenges with biotechnology

From breeding to bugs, a new FAO publication looks at biotechnologies at work in small-scale crop, livestock and fish production

 

Harvesting Jian carp from a pond.

29 October 2013, Rome – A new FAO publication calls for greater national and international efforts to bring agricultural biotechnologies to smallholder producers in developing countries.

The publication, Biotechnologies at Work for Smallholders: Case Studies from Developing Countries in Crops, Livestock and Fish, asserts biotechnologies can help smallholders to improve their livelihoods and food security.

Biotechnologies at Work for Smallholders covers 19 case studies in crops, livestock and fisheries, written by scientists and researchers worldwide. It describes the practical realities and experiences of taking biotechnology research and applying it in smallholder production of bananas, cassava, rice, livestock, shrimp and more, in different parts of the developing world.

The case studies encompassed a wide range of biotechnologies. They included older or “traditional” ones like artificial insemination and fermentation, and cutting-edge techniques involving DNA-based methodologies – but not genetic modification.

The publication was prepared by a multi-disciplinary team at FAO as part of an agricultural biotechnologies project partially funded by the Government of Canada.

“With the right institutional and financial arrangements, governments, research institutions and organizations can help to bring biotechnologies to smallholders, improving their capacity to cope with challenges like climate change, plant and animal diseases, and the overuse of natural resources,” said Andrea Sonnino, Chief of FAO’s Research and Extension Unit.

Case studies

Four case studies were from India, two from China and one each from Argentina, Bangladesh, Brazil, Cameroon, Colombia, Cuba, Ghana, Nigeria, South Africa, Sri Lanka, Tanzania and Thailand.

Researchers used their knowledge of DNA markers to develop a flood-tolerant rice variety in India with a potential yield of 1-3 tons per hectare more than previously used varieties, under flood conditions. After being released in 2009, the new variety, Swarna-Sub1, spread rapidly and was used by three million farmers in 2012.

“In summary, submergence-tolerant varieties provided opportunities for improving and stabilizing yields in flash flood-affected areas, significantly contributing to national food security,” stated Uma Singh and colleagues from the International Rice Research Institute (IRRI) who prepared the case study.

In China, the Jian carp was developed using within-family genetic selection and gynogenesis (a reproductive technology resulting in all-female offspring that have only received genes from their mother). The Jian carp is now grown on about 160,000 fish farms and makes up over 50 percent of common carp production in China.|

In northern Cameroon, the use of DNA-based diagnostic tools in the field allowed veterinary authorities to quickly diagnose outbreaks of Peste des Petits Ruminants, a highly contagious viral disease affecting goats and sheep. Rapid and accurate disease diagnosis meant that the authorities could stamp out these outbreaks and stop the spread of the fatal disease to other flocks.

“Without this rapid response, thousands of sheep and goats would likely have succumbed to the disease during these outbreaks, leading to millions of CFA francs in losses,” affirmed Abel Wade and Abdoulkadiri Souley from the National Veterinary Laboratory (LANAVET) in Cameroon.

The editors say biotechnologies can improve crop-, livestock- and fish-related livelihoods by boosting yields and enhancing market access. Introducing new and traditional biotechnologies on family farms can also keep production costs down and improve sustainable management of natural resources.

Lessons learned

The publication offers lessons from the case studies which can be used to inform and assist policymakers in making decisions on programs involving biotechnologies. High up on the list was the need for national political commitment to improving smallholder productivity and livelihoods; financial support from non-governmental sources to supplement national efforts; and, long-term national investment in both people and infrastructure linked to science and technology.

The publication also found international and national partnerships were vital for achieving results, as was the sharing of genetic resources, techniques and know-how across national and continental borders.

Biotechnologies at work for smallholders
 also underlines the importance of involving smallholders in the process at all stages, taking into consideration their knowledge, skills and own initiatives.

Chair : A Poem by Dr.Syed Md. Zainul Abedin

The chair was vacant  in the room.

Stream of thoughts started to roam.

What happened to the person?

Where has he gone?

When will he come?

Why the air is so calm?

How  will I know what has happened?

Who is around to tell me about my friend?

The chair is a symbol of life.

It tells about happiness and strife.

We crave for a chair and cheer when get one.

Fate steals  away the person as a strange fun.