Monthly Archives: May 2014

Time and Tide Wait for None :Syed Mohd. Saleh Uddin

Time and Tide Wait for none
Syed Mohd. Saleh Uddin

At the west of SOE the School of Electronics where there was a Mazar (grave of a Muslim mystic). Exact direction now is not in my memory. Crossing it Risalat and I used to reach the bank of Arabian Sea. In the low tide water mark was far away. Then mud skippers were the kings there. Once I was astonished waves of water was rushing towards the bank. During the time of high tide such happened. Sound of the sea gradually increased. From the bank we used to see waves that were breaking in the bank. During low tide we walked in between the corals. Some times ran after a red crab that soon took shelter in a hole under a coral colony. In the Mazar in some occasions Kawals (Kawali singers group) came. They sang their favorite Kawali. In Pakistan ‘Dama dam Maskalander……….Alida poila number’ was very famous one. Once in a day we heard sound of Guns from the side of the sea then saw a Sabre was flying and long behind that a big piece of cloth following the Sabre. Bullets from the Ack Ack guns were going up and hitting the flying cloth but not the Sabre. We came to know it was Ack Ack guns firing practice. Once the time of Korangi Creek was lost in the Maha kal (ever flowing time). We left behind Karachi (1970). Bengali Bastis in Babla jungles of sandy Korangi, Orangi etc places were as they were. Bengalis in New Karachi, Najma bad etc places were in gentle localities. They were dreaming of happy life with probably a good job each or a business. New trainees of SOA probably were allotted our vacant charpoys. So, they shared all what we shared. Still in my memory, in high tides fishing boats near PAF Korangi Creek, the flying of the seagulls over the water lines and fishing birds charmed us. The swift movements of Shaheen Eagles frightened flying seagulls. They all had gone out of sight. The Shaheen Eagle is insignia of PAF and also of BAF. This bird can fly in the sky of desert, mountain and sea with same skill. It was in Sagodha, Bannu etc. In the sky of Chashma it was also there.

In the Chasma camp, I never saw Risalat. He was a non Bengali of Saidpur. Most probably he was granted asylum in Pakistan and was posted to a PAF base. As my fellow airman he was very well behaved. However we heard few other airmen who were non Bengali granted asylum on their own request. Most probably that process was completed before movement to the Chasma camp. Mean while from the camp a group of sick person were repatriated. Two of them were my closure. I re-quested one to carry one of my pant piece and a west end wrist watch to carry it to Bangladesh. He told me,” If I die what will be with your goods.” As ill luck would have it he died a few days later reaching Bangladesh. May Allah grant him a good abode in Jannat (Heaven). They were sent to Karachi and were repatriated from there. We were passing time as usual. We were happy when we saw our wall paper is being read by others. Once I saw kobi Kader was standing in front of the wall magazine ‘Porosh Moony’ and making some note. I was happy. Sometimes I also stood in front of his Paper and read poetry. The paper was hanged in the outer wall of a big building what was built for the French as their cultural centre. In it there was a bar for them and a ball room. It was also their club where they met, drank and danced. They carried their culture with them. So, when the bar became a canteen for us there was no wine or beer or whisky instead all the Halal goods were available there. Ball room was converted to Mosque. Under the leadership of Sgt. Rashid in that mosque after Asar Prayer from the holy Quran Sura Yasin was recited. Most probably there were completion of few Dua Yunus. In the mosque regular five times prayer and also Friday juma prayer were commenced. In off time devotees liked to recite holy Quran in the mosque. In the camp Tabligue Zamat was also very active. In the hot days of the desert it was tough to go to the mosque during Zohur prayer. Mosollees (devotees) just covered the head and mouth by a piece of cloth and just ran to the mosque.
In that scorching heat for dogs were difficult to move open. Like us they also used to take less food. They were seen taking rest in the Kata Mehdi bush (a type of thorny bush) with their tongue out what probably helped them to have some cold feelings. We had to go to mosque crossing that thorny bush what was about 50 or more yards southern sidTime and Tide Wait for none
Syed Mohd. Saleh Uddin

At the west of SOE the School of Electronics where there was a Mazar (grave of a Muslim mystic). Exact direction now is not in my memory. Crossing it Risalat and I used to reach the bank of Arabian Sea. In the low tide water mark was far away. Then mud skippers were the kings there. Once I was astonished waves of water was rushing towards the bank. During the time of high tide such happened. Sound of the sea gradually increased. From the bank we used to see waves that were breaking in the bank. During low tide we walked in between the corals. Some times ran after a red crab that soon took shelter in a hole under a coral colony. In the Mazar in some occasions Kawals (Kawali singers group) came. They sang their favorite Kawali. In Pakistan ‘Dama dam Maskalander……….Alida poila number’ was very famous one. Once in a day we heard sound of Guns from the side of the sea then saw a Sabre was flying and long behind that a big piece of cloth following the Sabre. Bullets from the Ack Ack guns were going up and hitting the flying cloth but not the Sabre. We came to know it was Ack Ack guns firing practice. Once the time of Korangi Creek was lost in the Maha kal (ever flowing time). We left behind Karachi (1970). Bengali Bastis in Babla jungles of sandy Korangi, Orangi etc places were as they were. Bengalis in New Karachi, Najma bad etc places were in gentle localities. They were dreaming of happy life with probably a good job each or a business. New trainees of SOA probably were allotted our vacant charpoys. So, they shared all what we shared. Still in my memory, in high tides fishing boats near PAF Korangi Creek, the flying of the seagulls over the water lines and fishing birds charmed us. The swift movements of Shaheen Eagles frightened flying seagulls. They all had gone out of sight. The Shaheen Eagle is insignia of PAF and also of BAF. This bird can fly in the sky of desert, mountain and sea with same skill. It was in Sagodha, Bannu etc. In the sky of Chashma it was also there.

In the Chasma camp, I never saw Risalat. He was a non Bengali of Saidpur. Most probably he was granted asylum in Pakistan and was posted to a PAF base. As my fellow airman he was very well behaved. However we heard few other airmen who were non Bengali granted asylum on their own request. Most probably that process was completed before movement to the Chasma camp. Mean while from the camp a group of sick person were repatriated. Two of them were my closure. I re-quested one to carry one of my pant piece and a west end wrist watch to carry it to Bangladesh. He told me,” If I die what will be with your goods.” As ill luck would have it he died a few days later reaching Bangladesh. May Allah grant him a good abode in Jannat (Heaven). They were sent to Karachi and were repatriated from there. We were passing time as usual. We were happy when we saw our wall paper is being read by others. Once I saw kobi Kader was standing in front of the wall magazine ‘Porosh Moony’ and making some note. I was happy. Sometimes I also stood in front of his Paper and read poetry. The paper was hanged in the outer wall of a big building what was built for the French as their cultural centre. In it there was a bar for them and a ball room. It was also their club where they met, drank and danced. They carried their culture with them. So, when the bar became a canteen for us there was no wine or beer or whisky instead all the Halal goods were available there. Ball room was converted to Mosque. Under the leadership of Sgt. Rashid in that mosque after Asar Prayer from the holy Quran Sura Yasin was recited. Most probably there were completion of few Dua Yunus. In the mosque regular five times prayer and also Friday juma prayer were commenced. In off time devotees liked to recite holy Quran in the mosque. In the camp Tabligue Zamat was also very active. In the hot days of the desert it was tough to go to the mosque during Zohur prayer. Mosollees (devotees) just covered the head and mouth by a piece of cloth and just ran to the mosque.
In that scorching heat for dogs were difficult to move open. Like us they also used to take less food. They were seen taking rest in the Kata Mehdi bush (a type of thorny bush) with their tongue out what probably helped them to have some cold feelings. We had to go to mosque crossing that thorny bush what was about 50 or more yards southern side of our living block. In between there was a big swimming pool. Most probably whose water was not change after French has gone. Once an airman jumped on the pool but hurriedly he left the pool because there was severe itching in his body by water. Most probably that was the colony of hundreds type’s of harmful bacteria. So he ran to the Barrack. Took bath with soap for a long time and was relieved. But that water of the pool was ideal place for many types of frogs’ coitus game. So, that pool was good living for the frogs and frog young’s. Their natural foe snakes were also not seen there. In that heat for birds had rows of trees by the side of the road. That tree was not known to us. But its leaf was maple leaf type and from the wound of tree juice seen coming out that was sweet in test. There common tailor bird (Tuntuni) was seen dancing. Sometimes cuckoos were also seen. Melodious songs of other birds and chirpings of ducks flying around the Chasma barrage and doves from tree were also heard.
By the left side of the swimming pool there was a school bhaban (building) probably built for the children of that French people only! As they were not there that building was empty. One of the rooms was allotted for the chapel of the Christian of the camp. Sgt. Asjad was the senior most Christian there. Under his leader ship they organized their Sunday prayer. Among other Christians Edmond, Lawrence and Cardozo I can remember.
Among other religious group number of Hindu was considerable. Among them Auron Borun Choudhury was a devoted Hindu. He had some sorrows. It will be discussed in the other story.

Getting job in the Air Force now is certainly a Joy. Such was the case in our time. In peace time it was joy for all. Airman used to say proudly, “I serve in the Air force”. Not only in my time but also long before who joined the PAF and was retired from Air force had their proud expression as, “ I served in the Air force” . Thereupon I like to cite an example. I got married when I was the Education JCO of the 33 East Bengal Regiment in 1977 and was serving in the Rajshahi cantonment. My father in law Gazi Mohd. Kahfel Wara was then an instructor of the Rajshahi Poly technique Institute. When he heard that I was in the Air force, he exclaimed and proudly said, “I also served in the Air force.” He was equally proud for his Air force job as well as his Poly technique instructor’s job. For his ‘Advanced’ course in PAF he got the teaching job in such prestigious Government institute. My mother in law had also nostalgia about her stay in PAF quarter. She still says about her long journey by C-130 from PAF Chaklala to PAF Dhaka. Her grand children repeatedly heard her story in PAF quarters. However, being an Air force airman I had pride and joy like those who joined together with me. I had rather two joys. In February 1969 I joined the PAF. It was certainly a joy for me. In December 1976 I joined the AEC of Bangladesh Army from the BAF. It was another joy. Everywhere there were occasions of joy and sorrow. Where people do live there these two are parts of life, so same was with me. In the next story I shall tell about my and other Bengali airmen’s long journey what was mixed with joy and sorrow. In PAF from our recruitment to repatriation we stayed in different bases and camps that all are past.
Time and Tide Wait for none
Syed Mohd. Saleh Uddin

At the west of SOE the School of Electronics where there was a Mazar (grave of a Muslim mystic). Exact direction now is not in my memory. Crossing it Risalat and I used to reach the bank of Arabian Sea. In the low tide water mark was far away. Then mud skippers were the kings there. Once I was astonished waves of water was rushing towards the bank. During the time of high tide such happened. Sound of the sea gradually increased. From the bank we used to see waves that were breaking in the bank. During low tide we walked in between the corals. Some times ran after a red crab that soon took shelter in a hole under a coral colony. In the Mazar in some occasions Kawals (Kawali singers group) came. They sang their favorite Kawali. In Pakistan ‘Dama dam Maskalander……….Alida poila number’ was very famous one. Once in a day we heard sound of Guns from the side of the sea then saw a Sabre was flying and long behind that a big piece of cloth following the Sabre. Bullets from the Ack Ack guns were going up and hitting the flying cloth but not the Sabre. We came to know it was Ack Ack guns firing practice. Once the time of Korangi Creek was lost in the Maha kal (ever flowing time). We left behind Karachi (1970). Bengali Bastis in Babla jungles of sandy Korangi, Orangi etc places were as they were. Bengalis in New Karachi, Najma bad etc places were in gentle localities. They were dreaming of happy life with probably a good job each or a business. New trainees of SOA probably were allotted our vacant charpoys. So, they shared all what we shared. Still in my memory, in high tides fishing boats near PAF Korangi Creek, the flying of the seagulls over the water lines and fishing birds charmed us. The swift movements of Shaheen Eagles frightened flying seagulls. They all had gone out of sight. The Shaheen Eagle is insignia of PAF and also of BAF. This bird can fly in the sky of desert, mountain and sea with same skill. It was in Sagodha, Bannu etc. In the sky of Chashma it was also there.

In the Chasma camp, I never saw Risalat. He was a non Bengali of Saidpur. Most probably he was granted asylum in Pakistan and was posted to a PAF base. As my fellow airman he was very well behaved. However we heard few other airmen who were non Bengali granted asylum on their own request. Most probably that process was completed before movement to the Chasma camp. Mean while from the camp a group of sick person were repatriated. Two of them were my closure. I re-quested one to carry one of my pant piece and a west end wrist watch to carry it to Bangladesh. He told me,” If I die what will be with your goods.” As ill luck would have it he died a few days later reaching Bangladesh. May Allah grant him a good abode in Jannat (Heaven). They were sent to Karachi and were repatriated from there. We were passing time as usual. We were happy when we saw our wall paper is being read by others. Once I saw kobi Kader was standing in front of the wall magazine ‘Porosh Moony’ and making some note. I was happy. Sometimes I also stood in front of his Paper and read poetry. The paper was hanged in the outer wall of a big building what was built for the French as their cultural centre. In it there was a bar for them and a ball room. It was also their club where they met, drank and danced. They carried their culture with them. So, when the bar became a canteen for us there was no wine or beer or whisky instead all the Halal goods were available there. Ball room was converted to Mosque. Under the leadership of Sgt. Rashid in that mosque after Asar Prayer from the holy Quran Sura Yasin was recited. Most probably there were completion of few Dua Yunus. In the mosque regular five times prayer and also Friday juma prayer were commenced. In off time devotees liked to recite holy Quran in the mosque. In the camp Tabligue Zamat was also very active. In the hot days of the desert it was tough to go to the mosque during Zohur prayer. Mosollees (devotees) just covered the head and mouth by a piece of cloth and just ran to the mosque.
In that scorching heat for dogs were difficult to move open. Like us they also used to take less food. They were seen taking rest in the Kata Mehdi bush (a type of thorny bush) with their tongue out what probably helped them to have some cold feelings. We had to go to mosque crossing that thorny bush what was about 50 or more yards southern side of our living block. In between there was a big swimming pool. Most probably whose water was not change after French has gone. Once an airman jumped on the pool but hurriedly he left the pool because there was severe itching in his body by water. Most probably that was the colony of hundreds type’s of harmful bacteria. So he ran to the Barrack. Took bath with soap for a long time and was relieved. But that water of the pool was ideal place for many types of frogs’ coitus game. So, that pool was good living for the frogs and frog young’s. Their natural foe snakes were also not seen there. In that heat for birds had rows of trees by the side of the road. That tree was not known to us. But its leaf was maple leaf type and from the wound of tree juice seen coming out that was sweet in test. There common tailor bird (Tuntuni) was seen dancing. Sometimes cuckoos were also seen. Melodious songs of other birds and chirpings of ducks flying around the Chasma barrage and doves from tree were also heard.
By the left side of the swimming pool there was a school bhaban (building) probably built for the children of that French people only! As they were not there that building was empty. One of the rooms was allotted for the chapel of the Christian of the camp. Sgt. Asjad was the senior most Christian there. Under his leader ship they organized their Sunday prayer. Among other Christians Edmond, Lawrence and Cardozo I can remember.
Among other religious group number of Hindu was considerable. Among them Auron Borun Choudhury was a devoted Hindu. He had some sorrows. It will be discussed in the other story.

Getting job in the Air Force now is certainly a Joy. Such was the case in our time. In peace time it was joy for all. Airman used to say proudly, “I serve in the Air force”. Not only in my time but also long before who joined the PAF and was retired from Air force had their proud expression as, “ I served in the Air force” . Thereupon I like to cite an example. I got married when I was the Education JCO of the 33 East Bengal Regiment in 1977 and was serving in the Rajshahi cantonment. My father in law Gazi Mohd. Kahfel Wara was then an instructor of the Rajshahi Poly technique Institute. When he heard that I was in the Air force, he exclaimed and proudly said, “I also served in the Air force.” He was equally proud for his Air force job as well as his Poly technique instructor’s job. For his ‘Advanced’ course in PAF he got the teaching job in such prestigious Government institute. My mother in law had also nostalgia about her stay in PAF quarter. She still says about her long journey by C-130 from PAF Chaklala to PAF Dhaka. Her grand children repeatedly heard her story in PAF quarters. However, being an Air force airman I had pride and joy like those who joined together with me. I had rather two joys. In February 1969 I joined the PAF. It was certainly a joy for me. In December 1976 I joined the AEC of Bangladesh Army from the BAF. It was another joy. Everywhere there were occasions of joy and sorrow. Where people do live there these two are parts of life, so same was with me. In the next story I shall tell about my and other Bengali airmen’s long journey what was mixed with joy and sorrow. In PAF from our recruitment to repatriation we stayed in different bases and camps that all are past.
Time and Tide Wait for none
Syed Mohd. Saleh Uddin

At the west of SOE the School of Electronics where there was a Mazar (grave of a Muslim mystic). Exact direction now is not in my memory. Crossing it Risalat and I used to reach the bank of Arabian Sea. In the low tide water mark was far away. Then mud skippers were the kings there. Once I was astonished waves of water was rushing towards the bank. During the time of high tide such happened. Sound of the sea gradually increased. From the bank we used to see waves that were breaking in the bank. During low tide we walked in between the corals. Some times ran after a red crab that soon took shelter in a hole under a coral colony. In the Mazar in some occasions Kawals (Kawali singers group) came. They sang their favorite Kawali. In Pakistan ‘Dama dam Maskalander……….Alida poila number’ was very famous one. Once in a day we heard sound of Guns from the side of the sea then saw a Sabre was flying and long behind that a big piece of cloth following the Sabre. Bullets from the Ack Ack guns were going up and hitting the flying cloth but not the Sabre. We came to know it was Ack Ack guns firing practice. Once the time of Korangi Creek was lost in the Maha kal (ever flowing time). We left behind Karachi (1970). Bengali Bastis in Babla jungles of sandy Korangi, Orangi etc places were as they were. Bengalis in New Karachi, Najma bad etc places were in gentle localities. They were dreaming of happy life with probably a good job each or a business. New trainees of SOA probably were allotted our vacant charpoys. So, they shared all what we shared. Still in my memory, in high tides fishing boats near PAF Korangi Creek, the flying of the seagulls over the water lines and fishing birds charmed us. The swift movements of Shaheen Eagles frightened flying seagulls. They all had gone out of sight. The Shaheen Eagle is insignia of PAF and also of BAF. This bird can fly in the sky of desert, mountain and sea with same skill. It was in Sagodha, Bannu etc. In the sky of Chashma it was also there.

In the Chasma camp, I never saw Risalat. He was a non Bengali of Saidpur. Most probably he was granted asylum in Pakistan and was posted to a PAF base. As my fellow airman he was very well behaved. However we heard few other airmen who were non Bengali granted asylum on their own request. Most probably that process was completed before movement to the Chasma camp. Mean while from the camp a group of sick person were repatriated. Two of them were my closure. I re-quested one to carry one of my pant piece and a west end wrist watch to carry it to Bangladesh. He told me,” If I die what will be with your goods.” As ill luck would have it he died a few days later reaching Bangladesh. May Allah grant him a good abode in Jannat (Heaven). They were sent to Karachi and were repatriated from there. We were passing time as usual. We were happy when we saw our wall paper is being read by others. Once I saw kobi Kader was standing in front of the wall magazine ‘Porosh Moony’ and making some note. I was happy. Sometimes I also stood in front of his Paper and read poetry. The paper was hanged in the outer wall of a big building what was built for the French as their cultural centre. In it there was a bar for them and a ball room. It was also their club where they met, drank and danced. They carried their culture with them. So, when the bar became a canteen for us there was no wine or beer or whisky instead all the Halal goods were available there. Ball room was converted to Mosque. Under the leadership of Sgt. Rashid in that mosque after Asar Prayer from the holy Quran Sura Yasin was recited. Most probably there were completion of few Dua Yunus. In the mosque regular five times prayer and also Friday juma prayer were commenced. In off time devotees liked to recite holy Quran in the mosque. In the camp Tabligue Zamat was also very active. In the hot days of the desert it was tough to go to the mosque during Zohur prayer. Mosollees (devotees) just covered the head and mouth by a piece of cloth and just ran to the mosque.
In that scorching heat for dogs were difficult to move open. Like us they also used to take less food. They were seen taking rest in the Kata Mehdi bush (a type of thorny bush) with their tongue out what probably helped them to have some cold feelings. We had to go to mosque crossing that thorny bush what was about 50 or more yards southern side of our living block. In between there was a big swimming pool. Most probably whose water was not change after French has gone. Once an airman jumped on the pool but hurriedly he left the pool because there was severe itching in his body by water. Most probably that was the colony of hundreds type’s of harmful bacteria. So he ran to the Barrack. Took bath with soap for a long time and was relieved. But that water of the pool was ideal place for many types of frogs’ coitus game. So, that pool was good living for the frogs and frog young’s. Their natural foe snakes were also not seen there. In that heat for birds had rows of trees by the side of the road. That tree was not known to us. But its leaf was maple leaf type and from the wound of tree juice seen coming out that was sweet in test. There common tailor bird (Tuntuni) was seen dancing. Sometimes cuckoos were also seen. Melodious songs of other birds and chirpings of ducks flying around the Chasma barrage and doves from tree were also heard.
By the left side of the swimming pool there was a school bhaban (building) probably built for the children of that French people only! As they were not there that building was empty. One of the rooms was allotted for the chapel of the Christian of the camp. Sgt. Asjad was the senior most Christian there. Under his leader ship they organized their Sunday prayer. Among other Christians Edmond, Lawrence and Cardozo I can remember.
Among other religious group number of Hindu was considerable. Among them Auron Borun Choudhury was a devoted Hindu. He had some sorrows. It will be discussed in the other story.

Getting job in the Air Force now is certainly a Joy. Such was the case in our time. In peace time it was joy for all. Airman used to say proudly, “I serve in the Air force”. Not only in my time but also long before who joined the PAF and was retired from Air force had their proud expression as, “ I served in the Air force” . Thereupon I like to cite an example. I got married when I was the Education JCO of the 33 East Bengal Regiment in 1977 and was serving in the Rajshahi cantonment. My father in law Gazi Mohd. Kahfel Wara was then an instructor of the Rajshahi Poly technique Institute. When he heard that I was in the Air force, he exclaimed and proudly said, “I also served in the Air force.” He was equally proud for his Air force job as well as his Poly technique instructor’s job. For his ‘Advanced’ course in PAF he got the teaching job in such prestigious Government institute. My mother in law had also nostalgia about her stay in PAF quarter. She still says about her long journey by C-130 from PAF Chaklala to PAF Dhaka. Her grand children repeatedly heard her story in PAF quarters. However, being an Air force airman I had pride and joy like those who joined together with me. I had rather two joys. In February 1969 I joined the PAF. It was certainly a joy for me. In December 1976 I joined the AEC of Bangladesh Army from the BAF. It was another joy. Everywhere there were occasions of joy and sorrow. Where people do live there these two are parts of life, so same was with me. In the next story I shall tell about my and other Bengali airmen’s long journey what was mixed with joy and sorrow. In PAF from our recruitment to repatriation we stayed in different bases and camps that all are past.
Time and Tide Wait for none
Syed Mohd. Saleh Uddin

At the west of SOE the School of Electronics where there was a Mazar (grave of a Muslim mystic). Exact direction now is not in my memory. Crossing it Risalat and I used to reach the bank of Arabian Sea. In the low tide water mark was far away. Then mud skippers were the kings there. Once I was astonished waves of water was rushing towards the bank. During the time of high tide such happened. Sound of the sea gradually increased. From the bank we used to see waves that were breaking in the bank. During low tide we walked in between the corals. Some times ran after a red crab that soon took shelter in a hole under a coral colony. In the Mazar in some occasions Kawals (Kawali singers group) came. They sang their favorite Kawali. In Pakistan ‘Dama dam Maskalander……….Alida poila number’ was very famous one. Once in a day we heard sound of Guns from the side of the sea then saw a Sabre was flying and long behind that a big piece of cloth following the Sabre. Bullets from the Ack Ack guns were going up and hitting the flying cloth but not the Sabre. We came to know it was Ack Ack guns firing practice. Once the time of Korangi Creek was lost in the Maha kal (ever flowing time). We left behind Karachi (1970). Bengali Bastis in Babla jungles of sandy Korangi, Orangi etc places were as they were. Bengalis in New Karachi, Najma bad etc places were in gentle localities. They were dreaming of happy life with probably a good job each or a business. New trainees of SOA probably were allotted our vacant charpoys. So, they shared all what we shared. Still in my memory, in high tides fishing boats near PAF Korangi Creek, the flying of the seagulls over the water lines and fishing birds charmed us. The swift movements of Shaheen Eagles frightened flying seagulls. They all had gone out of sight. The Shaheen Eagle is insignia of PAF and also of BAF. This bird can fly in the sky of desert, mountain and sea with same skill. It was in Sagodha, Bannu etc. In the sky of Chashma it was also there.

In the Chasma camp, I never saw Risalat. He was a non Bengali of Saidpur. Most probably he was granted asylum in Pakistan and was posted to a PAF base. As my fellow airman he was very well behaved. However we heard few other airmen who were non Bengali granted asylum on their own request. Most probably that process was completed before movement to the Chasma camp. Mean while from the camp a group of sick person were repatriated. Two of them were my closure. I re-quested one to carry one of my pant piece and a west end wrist watch to carry it to Bangladesh. He told me,” If I die what will be with your goods.” As ill luck would have it he died a few days later reaching Bangladesh. May Allah grant him a good abode in Jannat (Heaven). They were sent to Karachi and were repatriated from there. We were passing time as usual. We were happy when we saw our wall paper is being read by others. Once I saw kobi Kader was standing in front of the wall magazine ‘Porosh Moony’ and making some note. I was happy. Sometimes I also stood in front of his Paper and read poetry. The paper was hanged in the outer wall of a big building what was built for the French as their cultural centre. In it there was a bar for them and a ball room. It was also their club where they met, drank and danced. They carried their culture with them. So, when the bar became a canteen for us there was no wine or beer or whisky instead all the Halal goods were available there. Ball room was converted to Mosque. Under the leadership of Sgt. Rashid in that mosque after Asar Prayer from the holy Quran Sura Yasin was recited. Most probably there were completion of few Dua Yunus. In the mosque regular five times prayer and also Friday juma prayer were commenced. In off time devotees liked to recite holy Quran in the mosque. In the camp Tabligue Zamat was also very active. In the hot days of the desert it was tough to go to the mosque during Zohur prayer. Mosollees (devotees) just covered the head and mouth by a piece of cloth and just ran to the mosque.
In that scorching heat for dogs were difficult to move open. Like us they also used to take less food. They were seen taking rest in the Kata Mehdi bush (a type of thorny bush) with their tongue out what probably helped them to have some cold feelings. We had to go to mosque crossing that thorny bush what was about 50 or more yards southern side of our living block. In between there was a big swimming pool. Most probably whose water was not change after French has gone. Once an airman jumped on the pool but hurriedly he left the pool because there was severe itching in his body by water. Most probably that was the colony of hundreds type’s of harmful bacteria. So he ran to the Barrack. Took bath with soap for a long time and was relieved. But that water of the pool was ideal place for many types of frogs’ coitus game. So, that pool was good living for the frogs and frog young’s. Their natural foe snakes were also not seen there. In that heat for birds had rows of trees by the side of the road. That tree was not known to us. But its leaf was maple leaf type and from the wound of tree juice seen coming out that was sweet in test. There common tailor bird (Tuntuni) was seen dancing. Sometimes cuckoos were also seen. Melodious songs of other birds and chirpings of ducks flying around the Chasma barrage and doves from tree were also heard.
By the left side of the swimming pool there was a school bhaban (building) probably built for the children of that French people only! As they were not there that building was empty. One of the rooms was allotted for the chapel of the Christian of the camp. Sgt. Asjad was the senior most Christian there. Under his leader ship they organized their Sunday prayer. Among other Christians Edmond, Lawrence and Cardozo I can remember.
Among other religious group number of Hindu was considerable. Among them Auron Borun Choudhury was a devoted Hindu. He had some sorrows. It will be discussed in the other story.

Getting job in the Air Force now is certainly a Joy. Such was the case in our time. In peace time it was joy for all. Airman used to say proudly, “I serve in the Air force”. Not only in my time but also long before who joined the PAF and was retired from Air force had their proud expression as, “ I served in the Air force” . Thereupon I like to cite an example. I got married when I was the Education JCO of the 33 East Bengal Regiment in 1977 and was serving in the Rajshahi cantonment. My father in law Gazi Mohd. Kahfel Wara was then an instructor of the Rajshahi Poly technique Institute. When he heard that I was in the Air force, he exclaimed and proudly said, “I also served in the Air force.” He was equally proud for his Air force job as well as his Poly technique instructor’s job. For his ‘Advanced’ course in PAF he got the teaching job in such prestigious Government institute. My mother in law had also nostalgia about her stay in PAF quarter. She still says about her long journey by C-130 from PAF Chaklala to PAF Dhaka. Her grand children repeatedly heard her story in PAF quarters. However, being an Air force airman I had pride and joy like those who joined together with me. I had rather two joys. In February 1969 I joined the PAF. It was certainly a joy for me. In December 1976 I joined the AEC of Bangladesh Army from the BAF. It was another joy. Everywhere there were occasions of joy and sorrow. Where people do live there these two are parts of life, so same was with me. In the next story I shall tell about my and other Bengali airmen’s long journey what was mixed with joy and sorrow. In PAF from our recruitment to repatriation we stayed in different bases and camps that all are past.
e of our living block. In between there was a big swimming pool. Most probably whose water was not change after French has gone. Once an airman jumped on the pool but hurriedly he left the pool because there was severe itching in his body by water. Most probably that was the colony of hundreds type’s of harmful bacteria. So he ran to the Barrack. Took bath with soap for a long time and was relieved. But that water of the pool was ideal place for many types of frogs’ coitus game. So, that pool was good living for the frogs and frog young’s. Their natural foe snakes were also not seen there. In that heat for birds had rows of trees by the side of the road. That tree was not known to us. But its leaf was maple leaf type and from the wound of tree juice seen coming out that was sweet in test. There common tailor bird (Tuntuni) was seen dancing. Sometimes cuckoos were also seen. Melodious songs of other birds and chirpings of ducks flying around the Chasma barrage and doves from tree were also heard.
By the left side of the swimming pool there was a school bhaban (building) probably built for the children of that French people only! As they were not there that building was empty. One of the rooms was allotted for the chapel of the Christian of the camp. Sgt. Asjad was the senior most Christian there. Under his leader ship they organized their Sunday prayer. Among other Christians Edmond, Lawrence and Cardozo I can remember.
Among other religious group number of Hindu was considerable. Among them Auron Borun Choudhury was a devoted Hindu. He had some sorrows. It will be discussed in the other story.

Getting job in the Air Force now is certainly a Joy. Such was the case in our time. In peace time it was joy for all. Airman used to say proudly, “I serve in the Air force”. Not only in my time but also long before who joined the PAF and was retired from Air force had their proud expression as, “ I served in the Air force” . Thereupon I like to cite an example. I got married when I was the Education JCO of the 33 East Bengal Regiment in 1977 and was serving in the Rajshahi cantonment. My father in law Gazi Mohd. Kahfel Wara was then an instructor of the Rajshahi Poly technique Institute. When he heard that I was in the Air force, he exclaimed and proudly said, “I also served in the Air force.” He was equally proud for his Air force job as well as his Poly technique instructor’s job. For his ‘Advanced’ course in PAF he got the teaching job in such prestigious Government institute. My mother in law had also nostalgia about her stay in PAF quarter. She still says about her long journey by C-130 from PAF Chaklala to PAF Dhaka. Her grand children repeatedly heard her story in PAF quarters. However, being an Air force airman I had pride and joy like those who joined together with me. I had rather two joys. In February 1969 I joined the PAF. It was certainly a joy for me. In December 1976 I joined the AEC of Bangladesh Army from the BAF. It was another joy. Everywhere there were occasions of joy and sorrow. Where people do live there these two are parts of life, so same was with me. In the next story I shall tell about my and other Bengali airmen’s long journey what was mixed with joy and sorrow. In PAF from our recruitment to repatriation we stayed in different bases and camps that all are past.

Aircraft Learning & Helicopter Teaching: Syed Mohd. Saleh Uddin

Aircraft Learning & Helicopter Teaching

 

Syed Mohd. Saleh Uddin, Ex CI NIET & College of Aviation Technology, Assist. Professor (Retd)

 

 

 

 

Are you the students of Aerospace Engineering or Avionics Engineering? This story is for you and also for your instructors. It is rather two stories. It’s one is how I learnt it in SOA, PAF i.e School of Aeronautics of the Pakistan Air Force. I had a chance to study this subject there. This School is in PAF Korangi Creek of Karachi till now.

It was 1970. Just I joined there for my Basic training. There were students of Iranian Air Force, Libyan Air Force. Saudi Air Force, Iraqi Air Force, trainees of Pakistan Army Aviation and Engineers of Pakistan Plant Protection department and we PAF recruits. There parade was ‘namka wasta’ i.e. for name shake. In the evening there was PT as usual. Aeronautical Engineering and Avionics Engineering both were tough subjects. There in the School of Electronics Avionics subjects were taught. In Korangi Creek also there was a college where officers of Engineering branch were taught and each was awarded Bsc Engineering Degree most probably from Karachi University and airmen after ‘Advanced’ training in SOA and SOE Diploma of Associate Engineering certificate was given that was recognized by the PTEB.

Once in the class room an instructor asked the Question to the class, “What is an aircraft”. That was the time when instructors in the Military institutions Herbert’s five stages methods had to use. There were no power point and also there were so easy projector systems as now. So, instructors had to learn first then entered the class for teaching. Since CI sometimes kept sitting in the hind of the class, the instructor tried to follow method they were taught in their IT course properly .So, he asked the question to the class first. Then most probably he pointed me to answer. This also was according to method. Now I cannot surely say was the instructor was Flt. Sgt. Iqbal or Sgt. Shafi or Sgt. Rashid. They were my instructor in the SOA. My answer was flying related something what he did not like. So he told, “well every one, open your khata (exercise book) and take note, an aircraft is a machine which is designed to fly.”

Later our lesson progressed. We were supplied précis. We had to study. In the library we had opportunity study in due time. In the class room we had to maintain our attention all the time. Instructors used to draw figures or charts in the black board. We had to take note. Now in the defense institutes there is power point or any other projection systems but I do not think now for full class time they utilize that projection systems. According to method for a period certain portion of the time that can be utilized or five stages methods cannot be followed in specified time of 40 minutes or 60 minutes etc. By showing lessons in the over head projectors for whole the class period teacher can pass time and also students lose attention. Because for effective learning, we know, specialist told to utilize all the five senses. Look, listen, smell, touch, do are required for learning. Modern methods emerged for effective learning but it does not mean that prescribed the teachers to avoid familiar method of teaching. For a teacher just entering the class room with a soft ware and put to machine for projection is never suggested in IT. The teacher who are very experienced and know the subject well they may permitted to do so for refreshers level of learners but in no way for the beginners.

Five stages methods suggests, for a teacher following five stages method is obligatory. They are:

  1. Preparation
  2. Presentation
  3. Application
  4. Confirmation
  5. Revision

These I may explain those in other day. New instructors are requested to study books on the ‘Method of Teaching’ subject. In the method following established methods should be utilized:

  1. Lecture
  2. Dictation
  3. Demonstration
  4. Exercise
  5. Lesson

In the Lesson method rest four methods are included to plan Herbart’s five stages method. In the method Power point or other projectors may be utilized for portion of the period.

 

However, how a teacher will teach it is his matter and the policy of the Institutes but I like to tell you something about aircrafts.

 

We were taught primarily aircrafts are two types.

  1. Aero-state. They are lighter than aircrafts.
  2. Aero-dyne. They are heavier than aircrafts.

 

Again Aero- state is two types.

 

  1. Non- guided. Examples: Balloons (free), Kite balloons (used for commercial advertisement) etc.
  2. Powered. Example: Air ship, Zeppelin etc.

Aero-dynes are two types:

  1. Non-conventional. Examples: Ornithopters, Gliders, Sail plane, Flying boats, Sea planes, Amphibians etc.

  2. Conventional.

Conventional aircrafts are two types:

  1. Aero planes. Example: Passenger aircrafts, Military aircrafts etc.

  2. Rotary wing aircrafts: Gyro craft, Helicopter, Convertiplanes (in convertiplane aircraft propellers are converted to rotors displacing its position for vertical takeoff and landing. For level flight rotors again are made propellers by displacing position.) etc.

Passenger aircrafts may be supersonic and subsonic type. Fighter aircrafts may be Hypersonic, Supersonic, and subsonic etc types. Supersonic passenger aircrafts are not yet successful so are not in use. Concorde was banned after few flights. Construction of a successful hypersonic military air craft’s is under research by NASA.

Aero planes again may be divided as:

  1. Conventional wings.

  2. VTOL (vertical takeoff and landing).

  3. STOL (short takeoff and landing).

Names of the few parts of an aircraft are as follows:

  1. Airframe.

  2. Power plant/ Engine

  3. Fuselage.

  4. Wing.

  5. Tail.

  6. Rudder.

  7. Elevator.

  8. Fin.

  9. Aileron.

  10. Nacelle.

  11. Alighting Gear.

  12. Cowling.

Each Fuselage has three section:

  1. Front section.

  2. Center section.

  3. Tail section.

In the aircrafts now a day’s various types of engines are used. They are as follows:

  1. Piston engine (various types).

  2. Jet engine (various Types).

  3. Rocket engine (in high speed aircraft for special use).

  4. Solar engine (in light aircraft under research).

  5. Electric engine (in light aircraft under research).

Here I am not going to explain none of the above because if you are students you will learn more in your institutes but if you are not students this is enough for you. Now I shall tell you the story of my knowledge of Helicopter.

It was August 1971. I was posted to PAF Sargodha after my Basic training in SOA, PAF Korangi creek. There manning control send me to rescue squadron. In that squadron I had work in the KAMAN H-43 B Helicopter where I was given a familiarization course of the helicopter. In PAF and all Air forces to work in a certain aircraft unit used to give above course. I am having interesting story of getting chance in a cross country flight over Sargodha by that Helicopter. Other interesting event was Group Captain Thappa (most probably Golam Haider, if I am not forgotten) was doing flying training in that aircraft. Thappa might be his family name or name given by the airmen of PAF base Sargodha. Its cause was he was very discipline minded Base commander. He was interested make each one of his base disciplined like him. While he saw even from his flag car someone in shabby dress or outsmarts movement he stopped and checked. Once it happened with me also. Once in my duty time due to some reason I was walking by the way of Fighter F-104 squadron. Suddenly they flag car stopped by me and from the car someone called me. I ran hastily, I was in proper attention position before him. So, he was in laughing mood. I answered his questions also in smiling face. Suddenly I heard a hard voice, “why are you laughing?” I answered in low voice, “as you are laughing, sir!” I heard another voice, “my face is like this!” The car left the place. However he did not put me on charge. Later I discussed the matter in the barrack, one of my roommates told, “Usko shekol aisha hai.”(His face is like this).

During the solo flight of the Base commander his landing was not accurate. So, he landed over the tail boom of the Helicopter. Its result was tail boom made by glass fiber broke. For practice flying for such big man like him ‘Saat khoon maph’ i.e everything was excuse. We the technicians ran to replace Brocken booms. This is the story of my working in the Helicopter. But story of my teaching of Helicopter is as follows. In Bangladesh ‘Aeronautical Institute of Bangladesh’ (AIB) is only Institute of this kind that is CAAB approved. In my retired life I am a full time writer in a project of Dr. Shah Abdur Rahim of Bangladesh Open University. Principal of AIB knew my back ground of aeronautical teaching. In May 2014, there was a Helicopter course. As I often visit there, its Principal Engineer Akmol Hossain told, “if you can take Tandem Helicopter and Helicopter vibration class I may allow you to take a class.” “Take preparation I will be in your class.” Accordingly I took preparation. I know such chance to take class is limited in Bangladesh. So, to inform you about Helicopter I added following few lines:

We knew that Helicopter is a type of an aircraft. It flies by the aerodynamic reaction of its rotor blades. Other factors are also there. Zones of Helicopter are as follows:

  1. Main Rotor Hub and blade assembly.

  2. Tail Rotor Hub and blade assembly.

  3. Forward top deck.

  4. Power plant.

  5. Aft top deck.

  6. Tail boom.

  7. Cabin interior.

  8. Forward Fuselage.

  9. Aft Fuselage.

  10. Landing gear.

According to rotor arrangements Helicopters are as follows:

  1. Single rotor helicopter (have a main rotor and a tail rotor).

  2. Counter rotating rotor crafts.

Counter rotating rotor crafts are as follows:

  1. Tandem rotors: Have two rotors one mounted behind of the other.

  2. Co-axial rotors: Have two rotors mounted one above the other on the same axis.

  3. Intermeshing rotors: Have two rotors mounted close to each other at a sufficient angle to let the rotor intermesh over the top of the helicopter.

  4. Transverse rotors: It is seen in the tilt rotor. Some early types helicopters used it. In this type a pair of rotor is mounted at each end of a wing type structure or the outrigger.

Helicopter is very complex types of aircraft. For its flight not only rotors movements but also its Disc loadings (ratio of the weight to the total main rotor disc area, and is determined by dividing the total helicopter weight by the helicopter disc area.) , Coriolis effect (the tendency of rotor blade to increase or decrease its velocity in its plane of rotation when the center of mass moves closure or further from the axis of rotation, Torque effect, Gyroscopic precession (an inherent quality of rotating bodies, which causes an applied force to be manifested 90 degrees in the direction of rotation from the point where the force is applied.), Settling with power (is condition of power flight where the helicopter settles into its own downwash. The condition may also be referred to as a vortex ring state), various loads like other aircrafts etc to be considered. Said loads are as follows:

  1. Stress.

  2. Compression.

  3. Twisting/ Torsion.

  4. Shear.

  5. Bending.

  6. Hoop stress.

  7. Metal fatigue.

For the beginners above is enough. When you as new students will start learning or impart lesson of the subject as a teacher you will have to know more. But I like to tell something about Vibration. It is shiver of any body. In case of Helicopter it is shiver to complete helicopter for which accident may also occur even. Vibration i.e. bouncing of the helicopter up and down is caused by a blade when that is out of track. In helicopter vertical vibration i.e. movement up and down or vertical is experienced time to time. So, when you will have chance to learn more you will have to know about Blades i.e. every characteristics of its parts as Blade Tip, Blade Track, Blade Tracking, Blade Twist, Blade Coning, Blade Feathering, Blade Flap, Blade Grip, Blade lead or lag etc everything. Wish the best.

Long ago I left the defense force. Now I am an old man. I will be happy if above story help you.

PAF Camps- Isolated events: Syed Mohd. Saleh Uddin

Subject: Memoir of Captivity

 

PAF Camps: Isolated events

Syed Mohd. Saleh Uddin

In Chasma like Bannu we saw no food, fruits or vegetables vendors among the local people. Those who purchased pastry from the old Chacha mia (uncle) in RTS, PAF Kohat, they will never forget him. This saint looking Pathan used to sell very testy pastry and he was very nice behaved. In our off time he entered the camp with pastry in a special type of box. In Kohat fruit sellers used come with Aamrud (guava), Alo-Bukhara, Khubani, orange etc seasonal fruits in their vans. Once we the trainees from Kohat went to Peshawar most probably in an education tour. There around a vendor Pathan and Punjabi trainees rushed and was purchasing pieces of sweet gourd like fruit by fifty paisa ( I cannot remember price of the piece or a seer). I was astonished they purchased sweet gourd and how happy they were! Now I cannot remember Pathan Zia bhai or Punjabi Akhter or half Pathan and half Punjabi Oshok Lal told me Bondhu bhai, “ bohot acha mewa hai, Khao.” (Eat,very good fruit, Bondgu bhai). Hazara people were half Pathan and Half Punjabi because they speak both Postu and Punjabi with similar skill. Ashok Lal was from Hazara. Zia bhai was from the Quetta. Once he went on leave and came back with few Apples and grapes of Chamon. Zia bhai personally handed over my share to me and most probably told, “Yea shobcha acha kishim ka seb hai.” (this is the best types of Apple). The grapes of Chomon were very famous at that time. Actually, his apple and grapes were no doubt testy. So far I remember in the same leave Akhter also went home and brought some homemade foods. I cannot remember now whether he was from Sialkot or Bahwalpur or Jhelum. Memory with Oshok Lal was bit bitter. Still I find no reason, why he suddenly gave me a powerful blow. Most probably once he became my sparring partner and one of my punch could hurt him and that was its revenge. If that was so he took the revenge out of the Boxing ring. Such sparring practice I did with Masud and once I knocked him down but he never took such revenge. After Masud was knocked down my PT instructor CPL Niazi inspired me intensively and even in the Mess he instructed old one eyed Pathan cook to give me more meat saying, “ya sherando puttar sher hei! Esko jiada Gost dea koro.” (he is a tiger give him more meat). Mess SNCO in charge had opposite idea about the Boxing Team. Once he said, “Tum Haram khur ho, tum jeet neha sakta!” (You take Haram food, you cannot win/ his exact saying I forgot). His experience was correct because Boxers from new recruits was unable to fight with experienced Air Force boxers who had many wins and losses in their credit. For many years of their hard practice they had more stamina. If I had to fight with Air force light fly weight champion Zamali who lost many times and won many times and who also played probably in national level what would happen? Without doubt my defeat! However let us go back to Peshawar; I purchased one piece of that gourd on request. It was so much so testy. They told that was ‘Gorma’ and from Afghanistan. Later I took this fruit what was cultivated in Pakistan but those were not as testy as that. Afghan one was different in both test and smell.

In SOA Korangi creek we could purchase Khorboja (Melon/ Bangi in Bengali) and other fruits from a seller of Karachi. I cannot remember now, was he from the Muhajir or from the Sindhi? I saw there when our Parade broke in the morning and when sea water was high fishing boats used to pass by the end of SOA Parade ground, Bengali Airmen used to purchase fish from them. There was a passage for Yacht team of PAF. Yachters took their boats to the sea by that way. That was the ideal place for the fish buyers. There was also a jetty bridge. It was spacious, high and long one that started from the end of the Parade ground. Most probably that was made for the military boats to be anchored there on requirements, so that during high tides that could be used. That was the good waiting place for fish seekers. In low tides that was useless for any purpose. As at that time one had to go miles together to reach the water. That was the kingdom of mud skipper. Street Dogs came down to the shore in search of shell, snail or dead fish. Dog could not tolerate us when we went down. But they had friendship with shell collector for pearl, as shells’ flesh was dear to dogs. When in low tide we went down. We saw hundreds of small fish in the ditch of the bed or canals even stingray fish was also visible who were waiting again to get high tide.

Time to time airmen could take fish from the fishing boats, but most of the time they declined to take price of the fish. Most of the fishermen were from the Sindhi Population, few Bengali might also be there as there were many Rohinga and Bengali basti near the shore. Pakistani used to tell those basti ‘Zogi’ however it was not only the name of Bengali basti (In Risalpur also I heard this name for the Poor men basti where airmen used to go to purchase shirt piece, pant piece etc). In the dry fish processing there also might be Rohinga and Bengali workers. Near PAF Korangi Creek there were fish drying families. So, the smell of dried fish always troubled us. Dry fish loving men from East Pakistan who had family there on holydays had free access to that area in peace time before. Besides in Korangi creek there were established shops like other bases from where we could purchase things. In the PAF base Sargodha when we made workless at that time we had enough time to purchase fruits from the vendors who came in the camp. They carried Malta, Keno (orange), and Mango etc seasonal fruits. In Sargodha a special types of Malta was available. Its edible inner part was bit reddish instead of yellow. Vendors sliced fruits and sold to us. One of such vendors used to sell his fruits in front my barrack. Once Aziz bhai purchased a good number of mangos and entertained me and my body building instructor. Now Aziz bhai is among the death. He was a member of Tabligue Zamat. Very nice man he was. May Allah grant him Ferdous! There Sharif bhai also was a Tabligue Zamat member. I lived in his room. In our room there was a Punjabi wrestler named Cpl Murid. He was also interested to wrestle. But I was a light fly weight boxer not a wrestler. However, once I dared to wrestle. Its result is well known to all. With a light heavy weight wrestler how a boxer like me can fight? As a man Cpl Murid was always well mannered. I do not know about him now. Was he sent to our country to fight against our freedom fighters? It was Government disparity and policy that made to fight against each other. If Government did not want general people would never come to fight against friends who once served together. If Government would follow the parity of religions that would be never required! Sharif bhai was also repatriated in due time and got retirement from BAF as a Sgt.

Our last abode in Pakistan was PAF camp Chasma. PAF base Drigh road, Karachi was our transit camp from where we just went to airport. There we were not permitted to go even to base canteen to purchase anything. So, memory of the Chasma is longer than Drigh Road. In Chasma PAF authority was more vigilant. They did not want to see the incidents repeated again what occurred earlier in other camps for that happenings their command and control were questioned. So, in the Chasma camp like other camps every thing was not permitted. So no local vendors were allowed in the camp. However, someone took the charge of the camp canteen. He was a local person. He tried to supply all our requirements even fresh Roi and other fishes from Chasma barrage. We were never permitted the out pass to visit the barrage. It was a hydro electric plant too. Now we know near it is Kahota atomic energy project. There over the lake water gentle breeze or simoom flew. We never heard its sound. But in our mind always there were sound of Arabian Sea or the heart throbbing rocky sound of Kabul River when its water flew after heavy rain with boulders, pebbles and that every things in its way.

PAF Chasma our last station in Pakistan : Syed Mohd. Saleh Uddin

Subject: Memoirs of Captivity

PAF Chasma our last station in Pakistan

Syed Mohd. Saleh Uddin

 

Chasma was a combined stranded camp where Bengali Airmen were gathered from all previous stranded camps in Quetta, Bannu, Karachi etc places. So Far I know only few families were at that time in Karachi. There was a single airmen accommodation area and a family airmen living area i.e. accommodation what was exclusively for family members. Airmen living in the single airmen barracks were not permitted to visit family quarters. But all were taking mental preparation for repatriation though we did not know when that would be started. After fall in time we became quite idle. So, soon we became familiar with the camp. We had been searching our known persons. Cpl Kamal was my GCI. He was very rough and tough combat instructor. Among the Bengali GCI he was very well known. My other instructor was Cpl. Riaz. He was a Punjabi.He was also rough and tough. My other instructor was Sgt Azim Khan. He was soft hearted Pathan. He deemed more guardian than a combat instructor. So, I liked him very much. But in Defense forces soft hearted GCI seemed have lack of command and control. Cpl. Kamal did not have such weakness. He was tougher than the Cpl Riaz. In the camp I got him nowhere.

Toughness of the Parade ground of RTS made me a sportsman. I became a boxer what was tougher than Parade. But it was not monotonous that the same thing would do again and again like the parade ground. Cpl Kamal did not like it. Though secretly, he was working all the time to make all round best from the Bengali recruit. In my 118 entry the all round best recruit was Afsar bhai whom I knew from my student life. He was private tutor of my Ferdousy apa. So, I had a cordial relation with my Afsar bhai. Cpl Kamal was proud of him, as he was his instructor and the tough time he had given tolerated without hesitation. As a boxer I was exempted from Passing out parade. Cpl Kamal did not like that also because to a GCI Parade first not any other event. As a matter of fact the soldier good in Parade is considered a good soldier.

In PAF Chasma I did not see him. But like today at that time also I had respect towards him as my GC instructor. Not only in that camp, but also nowhere in Bangladesh in my service life I saw him. Here I got my Baki bhai, poet Ahsan, poet Hashem, Yakub bhai etc. They were also in Bannu. In the camp how many airmen were accommodated, it is not in my memory now but that was not less than 1000 that I can say. Time was passing in its way but we had to find our own ways to pass. Here also we had Cooking duty. But that was not the every day’s duty. We voluntarily took the duty of beautification of our barracks area. We got in front of our barracks beautiful gardens. The said resident of our great leader Bango Bandhu Sheikh Mojibur Rahman was made more beautiful with a garden in front of it. There were roses and other beautiful flowers. Many were bloomed. Over the flowers colorful butterflies used to hover in search of their food. Most probably few of them were available only in the desert. I am not a taxonomist, so it is my mere guessing.

However in our duty gardening fatigue was also routine one. Then our time passed with the butterfly. Beauty of the flowers were also charmed us. In the camps we got some unattended dogs, cats and white hares. Most probably French brought them from their county. But while leaving Pakistan they left those there. Without food they became only skeletons. Soon they regained their health when they got food from our mess spoils and what were left by us.

There were few creative brains in the camp. Kobi (poet) Kader collected little number of poetry from other poets and published a wall magazine Cpl Baki bhai was a lover of science and technology. He and I planned to give knowledge of science and technology to the captive airmen. We published a wall magazine named ‘Rohosher Sandhana’(in search of mysteries). Kobi Ahsan and Kobi Hashem used to write religious poetries. So, to impart religious knowledge we published another wall magazine named ‘porosh moony’ (touch stone).

 

‘Kabul Honuj Dur Aast’ From PAF Chasma to BAF Dhaka & Other Stories:Syed Mohd. Saleh Uddin

Subject: Memoirs of Captivity

Kabul Honuj Dur Aast’

From PAF Chasma to BAF Dhaka & Other Stories

Syed Mohd. Saleh Uddin

 

PAF Bannu was no more PAF Bannu. It became again Army cantonment. Our caravan was moving and Bannu was going far back. It might have frustrated unknown potential asylum seeker to Kabul who till that time was hoping to flee. Kabul was also going more and more back. As our caravan was moving through the road of the valley memories was also rushing. Moving head lights near the Pass of Hilly Miranshah would always inspired the brave. Those heavy vehicles’ light seemed crawled by the night used to show us dream of Indian embassy that further dreamt us a dream to return to our own home Bangladesh. Good bye the pass near Miranshah and Afghnistan. When there was rain in Bannu Pathan used to say, “Barum Ragoi”. After the rain we saw a mad Kabul River. Whirling tides of

Water used to advance with even big boulders. During and after the rain there were frightful sounds of the flowing river. That was the bone breaking flow according to the Pathan of Bannu as water from the hills canal came down to the river. However the river was calm and gentle most of the time. Good bye the Kabul River forever.

In Bannu though we could mix with some civilians who came with goods yet local civilian employees who were living in the family quarters their children were not permitted to enter the camp. Most of the children were from the sweepers’ family who cleaned and maintained camp latrines. No soldiers’ family were in the family quarters as soldiers were either POW in India or till date deployed in any of border posts. However, those innocent looking Pathan children used to play near their quarters. But matters of emotion were always everywhere. In our camp there was a courageous Hindu airman. In the family quarters there were few local Hindu families. The airman took risk to visit them ignoring all fear or alarm from the mates. However none reported, so he was never in problem. In the corner of Army training ground a little nice and courageous girl has seen standing. She might have inquisitiveness about us. At the north of our camp there was a grave yard after the camp barbed wire fencing. Near the fencing there was a foot path where local children were seen standing. They looked very poor. Some times I tried to communicate with them. “Ta sa nom de?” (What is your name?). “Ta kum kilida?” (Which is your village?), “Char ta ja?” (Where do you go?”), “Sanga Hal da?” (How do you do?) etc. Actually my Pusto knowledge was little more than this.

Other memory of Kohat is still fresh. It was scorching hot noon. We had break in between our training Parade. We were thirsty. So we ran to the deep tube well near the Iqbal Squadron. There were gatherings of thirsty trainees and local girl children who came to take water. It was tough for me to reach the well. A little girl extended her hand with a mug of water and said,“obbo uskai” (drink water). Such generosity people remember for many days. Our caravan at about dusk reached near a big Hydro Electric project. How and when we crossed Bannu road and that evening was over, and what other scenes and sceneries I saw; now all are not in my memory.

 

It was a moon lit night. I saw a big row of lamp posts are advancing towards us. Actually it was a big dam over which the road was where those lamp posts were emitting light. Later I heard it was Asia famous Tarbela Dam (if I am not wrongly informed). It is established fact that Bangladesh emerged due to great disparity between the two wings of Pakistan. But central Government had few good ideas also. They planned to establish landless people from the East Pakistan to West, so they transported poor population of Mymensingh, Noakhali and other areas in this Dam and elsewhere. They were given land. So long they were there they worked for the Dam; it means sweats of those people were also used to construct the Dam. Later that dam became a world famous Hydro electric project. But those were hard and rough pieces of land for the people of East Pakistan. So, gradually they left the area and started living in Karachi to survive by doing less struggling jobs. Some might have returned to East Pakistan. How many of them remained there that statistics can only say. I heard about the inspiration of inter wing marriage. I feel that was not answered by much. Yet there were examples of East and West Pakistani marriage. Bengali those who started living in Karachi might get married with West Pakistani girls. Such married hardly I saw. In my boyhood I have seen in Dhaka that night guards were from Pathan population of North West frontier province. To the mass they were Kabuli wala (though wrong). In my Mohallah in Dhaka there was a guard named Azim Shah. He got married with a poor woman of Dhaka. After the repatriation when I was serving in the BAF base Jessore I saw a Wing Commander who had Punjabi wife. However these are finger countable examples. In a broad sense that plan was not successful one. Its main reasons were geographical difference, cultural difference, language difference, conservativeness etc.

While I left Karachi after training in SOA at that time there were few lacs Bengali speaking living in Karachi area and few lacs were of Rohinga population. When my training was over there once I visited a Bengali Basti in Korangi. It was not more than poor men Basti in present Bangladesh. Its inhabitants were port workers, workers of the boulders’ mill where that were converted to other sizes of stones, mosaic stones etc. Few established a little workshop of stone works where button, stoned tie clips etc were made. It is worth mentioning here that during Pakistan period many poor men dreamt to go to Karachi. There were passenger shipping lines by which if one could collect tk 80/= only as ticket price could sail to Karachi. Inhabitants of Bengali Bastis were mainly from them. Besides PIA ticket price from Dhaka to Lahore was only tk 250/=

 

Let us go back to our caravan. Crossing the Dam we moved into Punjab. After long time,it was dark at night when we entered a camp area. We were told that it was PAF camp Chasma. Later we came to know, “near it is Chasma barrage”. It was in the Mianwali district. As a matter of fact it was in a desert area and was in the centre position of Pakistan. The area never encouraged anyone to flee away from that camp because it was neither near Indian border nor Afghan border. Besides PAF authority made routine fall in at the dead night where there was no alternative but to count stars. Standing in fall in position we looked up. There were stars and stars. “Asmanoka der rostidi” (In the sky there are many stars”). This line is probably from a Pusto literature. Our stay in PAF Chasma was also open by fall in and counting head when we reached the camp. We were allotted Blocks i.e. Barracks as living accommodation. These were quarters for French Engineers and other staffs who came to build the Barrage. However from that night those were allotted to stranded airmen. By night we just entered the room and tried to sleep in a military way. In the morning we saw the beauty of the planned living area. I was accommodated in a big Bungalow type accommodation. There were many other such buildings but were tin shades where in between ceiling and tin shade there were thick anti heat pad to save its people from the intolerable heat of the desert. We all used to do flooring in the room as there was no charpoy. There in a small room we used to sleep 2 or 3 times more than normal accommodation. Inside there were one or two attached bath with latrines. After few days use that became problems for us. In the morning we had to wait for our turn. Soon from commode excretes stopped flowing to sewerage line because safety tank of each building was not big enough for all of our after use flashes. Each safety tank might be moderate enough for a family but not for so many airmen. That troubled us now again. However, we managed the problems ourselves. Since there was no fan in the rooms we used to sleep at the lawn in hot nights. But Simoom (cyclone of the desert) that came with sands sometimes harmed us. Curry became inedible. There all the three times our main food was chapatti (bread). In the beginning for few days we were supplied with rice. In hot days natural Simoom was a regular problem. For it and water problems one time supply of rice was stopped that continued till our last meal there.

 

Once a civilian guard of the camp told me,”Idhar tomara Bango Bandhu raha” (here lived your Banga Bandhu, however, it might not be his exact wording what I forgot). It is worth mentioning here that after our great leader was sent home via London and Delhi we were sent there. We were lucky as we lived where our great leader was also captive. From this camp we were repatriated to BAF Dacca (Dhaka) via Karachi. ……& Rest of the story Insha Allah I shall tell you on another day.

PAF Camp Bannu & Nostalgia:Syed Mohd. Saleh Uddin

Subject: Memoir of Captivity

PAF Camp Bannu & Nostalgia

Syed Mohd Saleh Uddin

We tried to flee from the Bannu camp on an Eid day in the month of December 1971 the exact date now is not in my memory. In the cell of PAF Kohat OC of the Commando unit of the base a Wing Cdr. Came, who took a kind of interview! Most probably he came to see how much indiscipline we were and accordingly what type of action the authority would take against us.

Whatever the case may be, he was a gentle officer. Most probably innocent face of SAC Tofazzol Bhai, Jalal’s humble expression and my still teen age (that time) did not convince him for any commando interrogation. We did not know what his report to Base commander was but we were duly charged and tried. We were given punishment and stayed in the cell under lock and key. In the morning duty hour a GCI came and we were taken to the Parade ground with P-2 (haversack inside few pieces bricks) on. Whole the day we were under a GCI. If one day a Pathan GCI was on duty the other day a Punabi GCI came. The dealing of Pathan GCI was soft in other hand Punjabi GCI dealt with us rough and tough. However in the Peace time they were our instructors. Our due respects are always to our instructors. Thus our 14 days sentence was over.

We returned to Bannu camp in the month of January 1972 directly from the cell under escort. We found to stop absconding few disciplinary measures were taken. My new bed was in the commando barrack. It was unofficial intensive observation to a suspect. However, I took decision not to run again because that risk would again be unsuccessful and no opportunity left to join liberation war. At that time Bangladesh was a free country. So, fate of other captive airmen should also be my fate. However from Jalal’s room a sound of Pistol firing was heard by night. But he was lucky enough no guard came. It’s main cause I could guess, the area was near the tribal area. So sound of Pistol and Rifle was very common there. Once there were sounds of rifles as if there was a war. We asked a local person in the camp about it. He explained: following the sky of Kabul River migratory birds were flying and those who have rifles were firing at those. So, none doubted about the sound of Jalal’s pistol. Later I heard he purchased a pistol from a tribal smuggler with ammunition (bullets) and was just doing initial practice of loading and unloading that but accidentally the bullet went out due to unsecured trigger. Later I came to know in a plastic packet in the slope of the canal he kept that hiding. By this time a group of escape seeker airman was caught in the hilly region of the north near the observation post of a hydro electric power station. They had a pistol. So, they were punished severely. Most probably the group leader was Badr or Badi (I have forgotten his name). By commando action he was wounded though he was also a commando (probably). In Bangladesh he got commission in the Bangladesh Army and retired as a major. So, Jalal was extra cautious.

Again there was rumour that PAF is shifting its stranded camps from the hilly regions of the north where nature encourages running as Afghan border is nearer. However life was normal there. Cpl. Baki during his mess duty tried to present us testy food. His follower Ansar helped him in various ways. The pathan of that area was birds lover. They had Dori Baj and other types of pigeons. In good weather, in the sky there were hundreds of such pigeons seen flying. Some pathans were seen carrying a cage each with a Bater inside. Bater is a small fighter bird. They pet it for Bater fight as cock fight in many areas of Indian subcontinent and other areas of this earth. The bird needs special care. The cage was specially made. Near the hold at the top there was considerably big hole which is covered by hollow tube shaped cover. After some time the Pathan touched it by that hollow path. It meant that bird liked love. The best fighters were those birds that were loved best. So, I minutely observed one of such bird lovers. In regular intervals he was putting his hand in the cage by that hole and touched i.e. loved the bird. Some of us also in love of birds watch. Since Bannu is a valley and by it a river was passing there both mountain’s eagle and water birds were visible. An underground command post was there near the Parade ground. Over it there was a big banyan tree. When it was full of ripe fruits it branches was full of birds. In other seasons insect seeker small birds and dove were seen either searching food or taking rest or singing. Once Hamid and I was near about a training shelter near the tree in the parade ground a dove hastily rushed at the tree. I saw a dove like bird was after that. It was a small hilly eagle little more bigly than that of dove. Though I was not sure it might be Kabotora eagle as locals used to say. There were Hod hods also that sat at one place for few minutes and again flew and sat in another place. Such was this bird routine. This was very good looking bird. This looked like big wood Peckers of Bangladesh.

Days were passing. Once I saw a big tortoise in upside down position in front of a barrack. Next day Bazlu went to the Imam of the mosque and said, ”Hozore someone entertained me with tortoise meat saying, please take chicken . I ate, Hozore what will happen with me? “In the camps there were many commandos who in their training taught how to eat everything to survive. During the rains big frogs were available there. They were very unlucky. While they were in coitus game, they became the food of captive commandos. It was fun for the commandos but very cruel behaviour to the frogs. I did not listen whether they eat snakes or not. But I listened from Cpl. Sadeque when he jumped with parachute in a hilly area during practice jumping in Chirat a rattle snake used to bite him. He was about to die. So, intensive transfusion of blood was required to save his life.

Then also the local person who has given Pathan robe and Afghani was there. We did not tell his name during the interrogation. So, none disturbed him. He was a kind hearted man. He tried to give us topographical information about Waziristan. He told there were many mazars (grave). He used to tell, “Malang bono. Mazar me jao. Koi kotch nehi bolaga.”( Be a Malang i.e. mystic. Go to mazar. None will tell you anything.) His saying was almost like this. For long gap my memory might mistaken few words. However, I tried to collect few devices that Malang used. I have collected a zigzag stick from an Afghan woodcutter. He used to cut fire wood for our mess for daily basis. I could not communicate with him nicely because my Pusto knowledge only few words what was not enough to talk with such illiterate person like him. However I could collect a stick from him what actually was an irregular shape root of a big tree. But all the above collections were useless to me as during trying to run we failed to act according to plan.

Now let me tell you about the Afghan wood cutter. Every day one of his son accompanied him. That might be his only son. The son might be of a divorced mother or she was among death, what I can guess only now. That is why the Afghan brought him every day. Most probably he was an ideal representation of poor men of Asia. In Bangladesh, India, Pakistan and other countries such persons are never less. For poor men, getting marriage is very easy but for economic condition most of them cannot maintain their family. Their children do not get basic requirements. Education is the far reaching. In that time also Afghans life was full of Hardship. That wood cutter might be the resident of an Afghan tribal area. In search of job he came in the cantonment of Pakistan. Since his wife was separated or died (I do not actually know what happened!) he always carried his small son when he came from Afghanistan. My pain is children of such families are deprived of education. Without mother who will teach manner? Courtesy begins at home. So, when there is no family who will teach courtesy?

That small boy never addressed his father ‘Daji / Plar’. This was the common address to father in that area. Most probably none uttered such word in front of the boy. So, he always heard the word Sher Gula from others. As a result the boy always addressed his father “ olaka Sher Gula rudai raka” ( O-Sher Gula, give me bread)or “olaka Sher Gula dal ta rasha.” (O- Sher Gula, come here) or “olaka Sher Gula, charta ja?”( O-Sher Gula, Where are you going?) etc. My urge to the authority of such countries, please do something for such families and children.” Extend your helping hand in their struggles of survival.

Once in PT time WO Huq passed order to stay in the field those who appeared at the Intermediate exams. To our utter surprise we were handed over our Original Intermediate certificates sent from BISE Sargodha. Those were redirected from PAF base Sargodha. So, from the PT ground we came back happily. Time was passing. We were informed to take mental preparation for movement to a new camp. Our cook house duty and passing idle times by various mentioned processes continued. In the mosque many attended five times prayers. Some used to recite the holy Quran in their own time. The mosque there was also poor one. It was bamboo and long grass constructed hut. Hollow bamboos that were frame of the roof were the nests (rather houses) of the swallow. In the sun set flying swallow (ababil) just entered those and in the morning they were continuously coming out one after the other. Then they were in the sky. Their shape and natural design is thus that they continue flying for hours together. Their food and other natural need they do all in the sky. That is why such small birds can be migratory. These birds can fly miles after miles and maintain migratory nature in groups. We know from al- Quran that groups of these birds threw pebbles from the sky and destroyed Elephants’ ride warriors of Abraha.

Time of changing camps was coming nearer. Once we were permitted to go to no-1 camp. In both camps Latrines were British types i.e. methors (wet sweepers) used to clean excrete every day and carried by van that used to spread bed smell. It was regular practice of the sweepers. In the morning we faced difficulty because there were big queue of the users. By this time once Red Cross visitors came with international members. The same group went to India to see the condition of Pakistani Prisoners of wars (POW). To the group some of us were permitted to assert who expressed our problems. The answers were Pakistani POWs are living in the Indian cantonments, but their living conditions are not better than you. However let us go back to the no-1 camp that was just adjacent to the Kabul River. There were many extremely frustrated airmen. There idols of Ma- Kali were made what was worshipped. As this was done by atheist types Muslim another group came forward who broke the nose of the idol. Later WO Maula had to take step against such mal- practice. I came to know; later group leader of the favour of this repented and became Tabligue Zamat member. Now he is among the dead. May Allah accept his repentance and forgive him and all.

Once again military caravan was ready near the underground command post. We would have gone to a new camp in Punjab. The caravan started moving. As in the trucks, all the members were from us so no bar of shouting, singing etc. But almost all were the bathroom singers. Now I shall happily say Afsar bhai, Musa bhai, Tamim Golal and few others were very good singers. They could sing Bengali, Punjabi, Hindi, Urdu etc songs. Here I shall conclude this portion of memoir by writing few lines from those singers and others without making translation because translation may not be accurate. These may be familiar to the readers if the songs are of their own languages. Besides after long interval of time few words may be missing in my memory. Once I was charmed by the Gozol of Musa bhai “Mera pyare nabi da shah nario, balae zamana ki jane, Rob jane wdi azmot no, jalem jamana ki jane! The famous song of Afsar bhai “Nera nera aandao, sade dil tur pandeo, kanda oto ………….” , a famous pusto song was,”Godara uransha talda yadaoma” and another was “ Jo entajer kom eshna distergo, uliponashi jomao distergo, johor chita gorm duniya lotama, golo lala wa distergo.” The song of Tamim Golal “Gonga ka moujma Jumonaka dhara” will remain in my memory for a long time. Above songs were of devotion, of love and sorrow that attracts listeners. I do not know where are the above singers? Salam to you all.

Aviation Trainings in Bangladesh:Syed Mohd. Saleh Uddin

Aviation Trainings in Bangladesh

Syed Mohd. Saleh Uddin

(The writer is Assist. Prof. (retd.)Rampura Ekramunnessa Degree College, SWO (retd) AEC, Ex Airman PAF & BAF and Ex CI, College of Aviation Technology (CATECH) & NIET.)

Before liberation of Bangladesh in East Pakistan the only institute in Aeronautical discipline was East Pakistan Flying club. It was established in 1948. It is one of the oldest flying schools in the world. It has produced many pilots ever since and still producing pilots proudly. Now its name is ‘Bangladesh Flying Academy and General Aviation Ltd. After liberation BAF started imparting education in this discipline. First they started giving on job training to its technical airmen and pilots. So, far I remember BAF started its formal training programme in Aeronautical Engineering opening its first Advanced course in BAF Dhaka commenced from January 1974 to June 1974. Then BAF established a Training wing in BAF base Chittagong to train its airmen of all trades. It established Bangladesh Air force Academy in BAF,Jessore for all its officers including GDP. Now in Bangladesh there are other Aeronautical institutes also like.

     1.  College of Aviation Technology (CATECH),

2.      Aeronautical College of Bangladesh (ACB),

3.      National Institute of Engineering and Technology (NIET),

4.      United College of Aviation (UCA),

       5.  Cambrian International College of Aviation (CICA),

6.      Heritage International College of Aviation and management (HICAM),

7.    Mirror Aviation Institute etc.

Few of the above are operating successfully. Serial no f & g stopped their operation at the outset due to various unavoidable reasons. Others are running courses of EDEXCEL, England, BTEB and other foreign bodies. Their students are permitted to compete for Licence under European Air Safety Agency (EASA). It also issues different categories of licences as EASA part 66 cat A, B1/B2, C etc licences. Their students may also take part in CAAB licence exams after fulfilling few conditions. Retired Air force and Army, Navy Aviation Aeronautical personnel may also compete for Licence without type rating (LWTR). Licensed Engineers enjoy the status of Graduate Engineers (Professional) in their respective fields. Their licences are honoured in all airlines. Those who feel like to take licences from International bodies,  they may also sit for EASA licence exams which is conducted by British Council in Bangladesh. Even Aeronautical students may appear at certain portion of above licence exam of specified modules. Rest of the portion of exam will be after fulfilling the  practical job which condition of the exam for specified time in the live aircraft. This exam will also be conducted by the same body.

Retired pilots and Instructors from Defence Forces may also apply to CAAB for their respective rated licences. In service personnel in airlines after serving certain period in an aircraft as specified in the CAAB rules may compete for type ratings. Those who are interested to do short courses before their licence exams which may help them to overcome hurdles of the exams, they may contact AIB, ACB and CATECH. All the above centres are in Uttara, Dhaka. For pilots’ licence exams pre course suggestion is to do such course in any renown Flying Academy of the country.

AIB is approved for the CAAB courses. This is the oldest organisation of this kind in Bangladesh.  It was established by Kazi Shamsur Rahman (a retired Deputy Chief Engineer of BIMAN), M. Moslem uddin ( an ex instructor of BAF & BATC) etc & other ex dignitaries of Biman & BAF in about 1999 at Uttara, Dhaka. It was named Aviacon Institute which was derived from the words Aviation Consultant. Later it was upgraded and renamed AIB when M. Moslem uddin was its principal. Now AIB is a famous Institute under the leadership of Engineer S.M.Akmol Hossain. He is CEO (Chief Executive Officer) of the Institute now. Its CI now is G.M. Anwar.

Its most of the instructors are retired airmen of PAF & BAF and newly passed students from MIST and other public universities. Its Instructors from Air Force are trained in home and abroad. Now (2014) courses of CAAB, BTEB and Assumption University, Thailand are available here. They are trying to make contact to few Bangladeshi Public Universities for Under Graduate level (BSC, BBA etc) courses. For all courses expenditure differs according course & Institute.

For Pilots training also course cost differ according to Institute. In Bangladesh low cost one is Flying Academy of Bangladesh as there is government subsidy on tuition fees. Others claim Tk 20 to 30 lacs course fee including 100 hours flying required for CPL. Licence exam fee to be submitted to the CAAB either individually or by the institute for all. The Bangladesh Air force Academy and Army Aviation give pilot training to BAF and the Army & Navy pilots respectively. Any ambitious young man with good science background may apply to get such opportunity. On commissioning they will be trained there free of cost. However, they will have to undergo hard courses for Military officers in BMA (Bangladesh Military Academy) and respective Academy of their own Arms as BNA (Bangladesh Naval Academy), various academies of the Bangladesh Air Force where Military leaders are created.

Pilots of the Defence Forces need no CAAB licenses to fly defence aircrafts. However, after retirement from the defence service they may get chance to join civil airliners. In that case they will have to earn a licence from CAAB or other appropriate international body. They will have to appear at the exam for the licence on paying appropriate fee to CAAB or to the other agency. In case of licence exam in Bangladesh CAAB approval is needed. In Bangladesh followings are the CAAB approved training organisations.

1.      Civil Aviation training centre (CATC) for various Aeronautical courses.

2.      Bangladesh Airlines training centre (BATC) for various Aeronautical courses.

3.      Bangladesh Flying Academy & General Aviation ltd for Pilot’s training.

4.      Arirang Aviation ltd for Pilot’s training.

5.      Galaxy Flying Academy ltd for Pilot’s training.

6.      Military Institute of Science and Technology (MIST) for Graduation in Aero- Engineering under Bangladesh University of Professionals (BUP). Bangladesh University of Professionals is the 30th Public University of Bangladesh which was established in Mirpur, Dhaka in 2008 to run all education of Defence Forces of Bangladesh. Now it is awarding doctoral degree also. It is worth mentioning here that MIST is an advanced Engineering institution in Bangladesh. It is one of the pioneer institutions of Bangladesh Armed Forces. It started its journey from April 19, 1998 but its first programme launched on January 31, 1999. Gradually it opened all the conventional faculties like DUET and other public universities of Bangladesh. Considering the need of the time and Defence Forces AE faculty       ( Aeronautical Engineering dept.) is introduced by MIST on February 01, 2009. It has two major disciplines Aerospace and Avionics. In MIST followings are the field of study in AE department including aircraft. Systems & airworthiness etc:

a)      Aerospace vehicle design engineering.

b)     Aerospace engineering.

c)      Avionics engineering.

d)     Space engineering.

e)      Aerospace propulsion engineering.

f)       High speed aerodynamics.

MIST’s present (2014) commandant is Maj. Gen. Siddiqur Rahman, hdmc, Psc.

Names of its previous commandants are as follows;

a) Maj. Gen.Abul Hossain, ndc,Psc.

 

b)     Maj. Gen. Hamid Al-Hasan,ndc.

c)      Maj. Gen. Habibur Rahman Khan, ndc, Psc.

d)     Maj. Gen. Md. Abdul Wadud, ndu, Psc.

e)      Maj. Gen. Ismail Faroque chy. Psc.

f)       Maj. Gen. Abdul Hafiz Malik, Psc.

g)      Brig. Gen. Abdul wadud ndc, Psc.

h)     Bri. Gen. Md. Mofizur Rahman.

At present (2014) departmental head of the AE department of MIST is Gp. Capt. A. Salam. Its permanents faculties for aeronautical disciplines are mainly from most experienced Air Force instructors, for other subjects from AEC and also from other arms of the Defence Forces. Foreign Defence Forces (IAF & other Air Forces) instructors may also be here on mutual arrangement of Defence Forces. Civil instructors are also here on contractual basis.

      Aeronautical Institute of Bangladesh (AIB) for Diploma of Aerospace and Avionics Engineering under Bangladesh Technical Education Board & various other short courses approved by the CAAB also BTEB . To foster both the theoretical and practical training on aircraft maintenance engineering AIB is working with the various organisations locally and internationally together. AIB has signed the Memorandum of understanding (MOU) between organisations for the better training facilities and practical on live aircrafts. (SMSU)

Ref: As above and banglapedia & wave sites of AIB, MIST etc.

AIB has Memorandum of understanding with the following organisations:

1.      Bangladesh Flying Academy and General Aviation ltd.

2.      Regent Airways ltd.

3.      Galaxy Flying Academy ltd.

4.      Sky Capital Airlines.

5.      R&R Aviation ltd.

6.      GMG Airlines.

7.      Mission Aviation Felloship (MAF).

8.      Bangla International Airlines.

      9. Assumption University of Thailand.

10.   SAGE Aviation, Malaysia.   11. AMIKON Aviation Training.

12.   United Airways (BD) ltd.

13.   NOVOAIR.

14.  EASY FLY EXPRESS LTD.

15.   Pacific Aviation ltd.

16.   TAC Aviation ltd.

17.   Square Air Limited.

18.  Bismillah Airlines.

(Ref: wave site of AIB.)

Syllabi for Pilot training and Engineering courses in Bangladesh:

CAAB is only licence awarding authority for Aviation related professionals in Bangladesh. Jobs in the Aviation sectors became international in nature when licence is awarded. It means when one obtains licence opportunity of job also opens for him in the International Arena. CAAB is the member of ICAO. So, CAAB follows ICAO approved syllabi for its all licence exams. Pilots’ licence issued under ICAO is recognised all over the world. Approved institutions worldwide in this field are permitted to run PPL, CPL –A, CPL-H, IFR, MER, ATPL, SEA PLANE LICENCE, GLIDER LICENCE, FLIGHT INSTRUCTOR’S LICENCE, INSTRUCTOR RATING LICENCE etc courses.

In our country like other countries for pilots’ training Ground study subs. are included. For Private Pilot Licence (PPL) followings Ground Study subjects are taught for 150 hours or planned by the institute:

1.      Aircraft Structures,

2.      Aerodynamics,

3. Aircraft systems,

4. Flight manuals and aeronautical documentations,

5.      Performance,

6.      Reports of the weather charts,

7.      Airspace,

8.      Mapping and Navigation,

9.      CRM,

10.   Flight controls,

11.  Principles of flight,

12.   Flight instruments,

13.  Weight and balance,

14.  Weather,

15.  Airport operations,

16.   Aircraft Navigation,

17.  Flight Physiology,

18.  Aviation regulation etc.

For Commercial Pilot Licence (CPL) ground study includes following subjects:

1.      Navigation,

2.      Weather,

3.      Mapping,

4.       Tele-communications,

5.       Weight and balance,

6.  Altimetry,

7.      Flight Physiology,

8.      Facilitation,

9.      Instrumental procedures,

10.  Aerodynamics,

11.  Interpretation of weather charts,

12.   Aviation regulations,

13.  Performance,

14.  Airfield,

15.  Airspace and flight operations,

16.  Interpretation of Aeronautical charts,

17.   CRM etc.

For Airlines Transport Pilot licence (ATPL) following subjects are taught as the integrated course:

1.      Airframe,

2.      Power plant,

3.      Radio Navigation,

4.      Principles of flight,

5.      General navigation,

6.      Operational procedures,

7.      Mass and balance,

8.      Aircraft systems,

9.   Air law,

10.   Instruments,

11.   Electronics,

12.   Meteorology,

13. VFR/IFR communications,

14 Flt, planning etc.

For Instrument Rating course ground study includes following subjects:

  1.        Instrumental procedures,
  2.       Airspace and Flight operation,
  3.       Instrumental phraseology,
  4.       Weather,
  5.      Altimetry,
  6.       Interpretation of IFR aeronautical charts,
  7.      IFR aviation regulation,
  8.       Preparation of IFR flight,
  9.       Instrument etc.

There are other courses also like MULTI ENGINE RATINGS (MER), Flight Instrument course etc. Foreign Flying Schools like Flying School in Philippines & USA invites  international students and gives package offer with Single Engine (Cessna- 152) 140 hours flying, Single Engine (Cessna-172) 20 hours, Multi Engine (BE-55/58-PA-34- 200T) 40 hours flying and training in the Flight Simulator 40 hours 6 to 7 months for PPL course. That includes ground training of 150 hours, food, lodging etc. Others from  USA and Europe also have package offer for various courses for pilots. In USA Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) and in Europe EASA/JAA ( European Air Safety Agency/Joint Aviation Authorities) are responsible to arrange licence exams. There examinees are to follow either FAA or JAR (Joint Aviation requirements) respectively. Pilots of Bangladesh may avail these offers. However, these are very costly. So, it is wise for Bangladeshi to complete their courses in CAAB approved national Flying Schools. The better Institution for low cost may be Bangladesh Flying Academy and General Aviation ltd. In the country it is the oldest institute in this discipline which started its operation in 1948 after it was established in then East Pakistan as a Flying club.

About CAAB licences for Engineering personnel short discussion was made above. CAAB follows ICAO approved curriculum for licence exams. But syllabi for different levels of courses are prepared by the respective Universities and Boards. In some cases approved institutions developed syllabi for their short courses which are shaped for specific aeronautical jobs. MIST follows the curriculum of Bangladesh University of Professionals for all of its courses. The College of Aviation Technology (CATECH) also has under graduate course in Aerospace Engineering of BTEC, EDEXCEL, and England. It is known as Level-6. CATECH also have BTEC nationals (ND), known as Level-3 and BTEC Higher nationals (HND), known as level-5. Its curriculum is internationally accepted. Few other institutes in Bangladesh are also running BTEC courses in different disciplines. In fact CATECH MUST BE GIVEN CREDIT for the EDEXCEL Aeronautical courses in BANGLADESH. It’s MD Mr. Sumon Sarker who was educated in Russia and Germany was the main planner of BTEC engineering (AE) courses in Bangladesh. He along with few other civilians and retired BAF officers originated it during 2008.Its initial Chairman was Group Captain (retd) Idris. Group Captain (retd) Shafi. Wing Commander (retd) Abdur Rahman, few air force retired WO/JCO and, Captain (hon./AEC/Army) Aminur Rahman Bhuiyan were instructors there till 2011, few of them also unto later time. Like mentioned officers its instructors MWO Ashaq and WO Atiur were also trained in Russia and China. Many Part time instructors from Airlines also took there classes who were educated abroad. Later CATECH had its instructors from India and also Europe. Dignitaries from Russia time to time spared their times for it & worked to develop it. Engineer Mrs. Moli Sarker now (2014) is its Principal. Many students from Nepal and Europe were also educated in CATECH.  Many students of its first batch are both studying in European or American Universities or both studying and working there. It is due to their memorandum of understanding with the related Universities and organisations. However, after AIB it is the Pioneer institute in AE. Unluckily it is divided and United College of Aviation emerged.  It also took EDEXCEL courses .Their course wise syllabi of the individual courses will be found  in their wave sites and also in the wave site of BTEC, EDEXCEL. Now (2014) United college is under Omer Sultan Foundation and its present Executive Director is Mr. Mohammad Ali. It has under graduate course of the National University and New Port University, Latvia. CICA’s (Cambrian International College of Aviation) under graduate course is under the Nanchang University, China. Now (2014) the principal of CICA is Engr. Md. Abdur Rouf. He is leading the college dynamically.

Bangladesh Technical Education Board (BTEB) also has 4 years Diploma course in Aerospace and Avionics Engineering. AIB and few other Poly Technique Institutes as NIET which have these courses follow BTEB syllabi. By 8 (eight) semester of 6 months each this course is divided. Among those one semester is for on job training on the live aircrafts in an Airliners (only 8th semester) and one of the semester for legislative course (only 7th semester in own institutes) according to BTEB policy. Initial 1st to 6th semester (3 years) is abinitio i.e. theoretical and practical classes. Its (BTEB) curriculum is available in the BTEB wave site. Both AIB and CATECH are approved to run few short courses of BTEB. These are:

1. Air Hostess & Cabin Crew.

2. Travel, Tourism & E-Ticketing.

3. Aviation Management.

All the above courses are of 3 to 6 months according to students choice. Their approved syllabi will be available in both the organisations. Besides, AIB has following CAAB approved basic/refresher training courses for experienced aircrafts personnel’s:

Basic courses:

  1.      Airworthiness Legislation.
  2.       Human Performance and Limitations.
  3.       Helicopters.
  4.      Aircraft Piston Engine.
  5.       Aircraft AC Power.
  6.      Aircraft DC Power.
  7. …………………………………….

Refresher courses:

  1.      Airworthiness Legislation.
  2.       Airframe.
  3. .     Aircraft Turbine Engine.
  4.       Aircraft DC Power & AC Power.
  5.       Aircraft Instruments & Integrated Flight Systems.
  6.       Human Performance and Limitations.
  7.       Aircraft Radio-Radar.

Syllabi of the above courses will be available in AIB office. Retired defence service aeronautical personnel may do any or more of the above courses to accommodate themselves in airlines job and that may also help them in the LWTR exams. Those who are working in the airlines already such courses may also be helpful for them. AIB has EASA Licence courses with the cooperation of AMIKON Aviation Training. (SMSU).

Ref: CAAB, AIB, CATECH etc wave sites and AIB Prospectus.

Pl visit blog: aviationbangladesh.wordpress.com & Banglapedia also navigationtalk.wordpress. com (for further information).

 

Aviation regulatory bodies and CAAB:Syed Mohd. Saleh Uddin

Aviation regulatory bodies and CAAB

Syed Mohd. Saleh Uddin

                                          

International Civil Aviation Organisation (ICAO) is a body of the United Nations Organization. It is the body which controls Civil Aviation Authority worldwide including FAA, EASA, CAAB etc. CAAB is the Civil Aviation Authority of Bangladesh. It regulates all of the Aviation related activities of the land. It is the National Aviation Authority operating under the Ministry of Civil Aviation and Tourism. It operates all the 9 operational airports (three international and six domestic). It is the member of the ICAO. Its HQs is in Kurmitola. It has signed bilateral transport agreement with 43 countries. In Pakistan Period it was Department of Civil Aviation of Pakistan (DCA). Established in 1947. Its function was Management and operation of Civil Aviation in East Pakistan. Under it Airport Development Authority (formed 1965) was working. It was a limited company which constructed Airports and Aerodromes. For DCA it performed all required Electrical & Mechanical Engineering works.

DCA of Bangladesh formed after liberation of 1971. Its functions were as above DCA. Then also ADA was working. In 1982 both the organisations merged together to form a compact organization named Civil Aviation Authority by vide ordinance no xxvii of 1982 titled Civil Aviation  authority ordinance, 1982 promulgated by the Government of Bangladesh. This was vested with more power about the organisation management. The Government reserved financial management. In 1985 present CAAB was established with both managerial and financial power vide ordinance, 1985 (replaced ord. Of 1982).

Aeronautical personnel like Pilots, Engineers, and Instructors etc have to take different type of licences from CAAB. Student Pilots who are undergoing pilots’ training in the Flying Academy of Bangladesh, Arirang Flying Academy, Galaxy Flying Academy, TAC Aero- nautical Academy etc may compete for PPL & CPL under CAAB after 50 or 100 hrs of flying respectively. For Engineers Military Institute of Science and Technology (MIST) and Aeronautical Institute of Bangladesh (AIB) are CAAB approved institutes. Following all of the formalities and fulfilling conditions, their students also able to take part in the licence examinations of CAAB. Followings are the Engineering licences awarded by the CAAB.

1.      CAAB awards cat A licence for Airframe (general maintenance),

2.      CAAB awards cat B licence for Airframe (overhaul),

3.      CAAB awards cat C licence for Engine (general maintenance),

4.      CAAB awards cat D licence for Engine (overhaul),

5.      CAAB awards cat E licence for Electrical,

6.      CAAB awards cat I licence for Instrument,

7.      CAAB awards cat R licence for Radio etc.

 

Above licences are issued by all ICAO approved agencies as Civil Aviation Authority of any country like FAA (USA) and CAA (present EASA in Europe) where also any one from any country may try for licence. There is no bar for Bangladeshi students to try their licence exams except specified conditions. It means educational qualification, aeronautical job experience, medical status, ability to pay specified exam fees (which is modified time to time according to the policy of individual agency) etc requirements.