Tag Archives: Pakistan

icddr,b contributes to largest global study on diarrhoeal diseases in developing countries

28 May 2013 – icddr,b has contributed to a new international study that provides the clearest picture yet of the impact and most common causes of diarrhoeal diseases, which kill 800,000 children annually. The Global Enteric Multicenter Study (GEMS) is the largest study ever conducted on diarrhoeal diseases in developing countries, enrolling more than 20,000 children from seven sites across Asia and Africa. The findings of the study were recently published in The Lancet and provide guidelines on prevention, treatment and research on childhood diarrhoeal diseases.

The GEMS study in Bangladesh was conducted in Mirzapur, a sub-district just north of Dhaka, by icddr,b’s Centre for Nutrition & Food Security.  “Better information is critical to changing the way we fight diarrhoeal diseases,” said Dr. A.S.G. Faruque, Principal Investigator at the Bangladesh trial site. “GEMS shows us clearly how we can target our approach and where we need to invest our resources to make a difference.”

Funded by the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation, GEMS was a case control study conducted at seven diverse, high-burden sites in Asia and Africa: the Gambia, Kenya, Mali, Mozambique, Bangladesh, India and Pakistan. The study enrolled 22,569 children under five years of age –  a sample size that is large enough to provide comprehensive data on the causes, incidence and impact of the range of diarrhoeal diseases affecting children around the world. GEMS established a network of well-equipped laboratories in the study countries that can be used to accelerate future research on diarrhoea and other child health priorities.

Rotavirus:  a leading cause of infant diarrhoeal diseases

Coordinated by the University of Maryland School of Medicine’s Center for Vaccine Development, GEMS confirmed rotavirus – for which a vaccine already exists – as the leading cause of diarrhoeal diseases among infants and identified other top causes for which additional research is urgently needed. GEMS found that approximately one in five children under the age of two suffer from MSD each year, which increased children’s risk of death by eight-and-a-half times and lead to stunted growth over a two-month follow-up period.

Shigella, a type of bacteria, caused the largest number of infections in toddlers and older children. Unlike at sites in Africa, Aeromonas – another type of bacteria – was the third leading cause of MSD, confirming its regional importance as a pathogen. Linear growth delays were significant among children in all age groups in the two months following their MSD episode, and a single episode of MSD increased children’s risk of death more than twelvefold over the same period.

Despite many causes, GEMS found that targeting just four pathogens could prevent the majority of MSD cases.  Expanding access to vaccines for rotavirus could save hundreds of thousands of lives. Likewise, GEMS data suggests that accelerating research on vaccines, diagnostics and treatments for the three other leading pathogens – Shigella, Cryptosporidium and ST-ETEC (a type of E. coli) – could have a similar impact.

“The GEMS findings help set priorities for investments that could greatly reduce the burden of childhood diarrhoeal diseases,” said Dr. Thomas Brewer, deputy director of the Enteric & Diarrheal Diseases team at the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation.

Longer-term monitoring and expansion of interventions can save lives

The GEMS findings also suggest that longer-term monitoring and care of children with diarrhoeal diseases could reduce mortality and developmental delays. Children with MSD grew significantly less in height in the two months following the diarrhoeal episode when compared with control children without diarrhoea, and were eight-and-a-half times more likely to die over the course of the two-month follow-up period. Notably, 61 percent of deaths occurred more than a week after the initial diarrhoeal episode, with 56 percent of deaths happening after families had returned home from a healthcare facility.

Expanding access to existing interventions that protect against or treat all diarrhoeal diseases –  including oral rehydration solutions, zinc supplements and clean water and sanitation- can save lives and improve the health of children immediately.

The GEMS findings add to the scientific evidence cited in the first-ever Integrated Global Action Plan for the Prevention and Control of Pneumonia and Diarrhea (GAPPD) recently announced by the World Health Organization and UNICEF. The GAPPD strategy calls for effectively controlling pneumonia and diarrhoea, which together are the two leading causes of death among young children globally.

For more details please contact Senior Manager Communications Nasmeen Ahmed

 

(The article has been published for further dissemination of ICDDR,B achievements taken from the link: http://www.icddrb.org/media-centre/news/4125-icddrb-contributes-to-largest-global-study-on-diarrhoeal-diseases-in-developing-countries of the website of this international organization located in Bangladesh)

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Bangladesh- Blessed Land for Cricket

The 11th Asia Cup Cricket,2012 is being held in Shere Bangla Stadium in Dhaka,Bangladesh.We are happy to state that the people of Bangladesh have welcome the series.
The matches of 11th Asia Cup Cricket, 2012 are being played in Shere Bangla National Stadium located in Mirpur,Dhaka of Bangladesh. Four Asian countries Sri Lanka, India, Pakistan and Bangladesh are taking part in the matches from March 12-22,2012.The schedule and fixtures of the matches are presented below.

Mar-2012
Sun 11
08:00 GMT, 14:00 local 1st Match – Bangladesh v Pakistan
Shere Bangla National Stadium, Mirpur
Pakistan won by 21 runs | Scoreboard

Tue 13
08:00 GMT, 14:00 local 2nd Match – India v Sri Lanka
Shere Bangla National Stadium, Mirpur
India won by 50 runs | Scoreboard

Thu 15
08:00 GMT, 14:00 local 3rd Match – Pakistan v Sri Lanka
Shere Bangla National Stadium, Mirpur
Pakistan won by 6 wickets (with 10.1 overs remaining) | Scoreboard

Fri 16
08:00 GMT, 14:00 local 4th Match – Bangladesh v India
Shere Bangla National Stadium, Mirpur
Bangladesh won by 5 wickets (with 4 balls remaining) | Scoreboard

Sun 18
08:00 GMT, 14:00 local 5th Match – India v Pakistan
Shere Bangla National Stadium, Mirpur
India won by 6 wickets (with 2.1 overs remaining) | Scoreboard

Tue 20
08:00 GMT, 14:00 local 6th Match – Bangladesh v Sri Lanka
Shere Bangla National Stadium, Mirpur

Thu 22
08:00 GMT, 14:00 local Final – Pakistan v TBC
Shere Bangla National Stadium, Mirpur

The match played on 16 February,2012 was a historical one.Sachin Tendulker of Indian Cricket Team achieved his 100th International Century
in that match played between Bangladesh and India.The other interesting feature of this match was fabulous for Bangladesh.Bangladesh won by five wickets in that match.It was a great event for most peoples of Bangladesh.The peoples across the country celebrated the victory of Bangladesh Cricket Team over the Indian Team.However,people also greeted Sachin for his great achievement from the soil of Bangladesh.The world record in cricket has turned Bangladesh as the Blessed Land for Cricket.It is a joy for Bangladesh as the history of cricket will always mention
this country.Honourable Prime Minister of Bangladesh,Sheikh Hasina has felicitated both Sachin Tendulkar and Bangladesh Cricket Team for their respective achievements.She sent flowers and sweets to them to congratulate them.

Sachin Tendulkar was invited to Ganabhaban,the official residence of Sheikh Hasina, Prime Minister,Bangladesh on the 19th March,2012.Accordingly Shachin visited her residence at 0630 pm where the Prime Minister called Shachin as the Pride of the Sub-continent.She congratulated him for striking the world record of Hundred International Century.Shachin expressed his feeling to the press that the invitation of the Prime Minister was a great honour for him.
20 MARCH 2012
The match of Sri Lanka v Bangladesh was a very tense one.SriLanka played very seriously.They scored 232 runs in 49.5 overs.
Bangladesh chased revised target of 212 runs in 40 overs.Finally they reached 212-5 in 37.1 overs.Thus Bangladesh
is going to play against Pakistan on the 22 March2012 in the Final Match.
The morale and zeal of Bangladesh Team were wonderful.Heavy rain could not stop the Tigers from showing their mettle against the Lions.

22 MARCH 2012 FINAL GAME OF 11TH ASIA CUP CRICKET : BANGLADESH VS PAKISTAN


The Final game of 11th Asia Cup Cricket,2012 began with a number of surprises.Bangladesh won the toss and chose fielding.Mohammad Hafeez and Nasir Jamshed were the first pair to strike from Pakistan side. Nasir Jamshed was out
with his personal score of 9 .The score of Pakistan Team was 16 at the time of his departure.Their team was under intense pressure from Bangladesh side.Younis Khan replaced Nasir Jamshed who soon went out of the pitch with only one run.Third surprise was the run out of Misbah-ul-Huq with 13 score and Team score of 55 for 3 wicket.
Pakistan Team played very hard and scored 236 for 9.On the other hand Bangladesh chased the score of Pakistan very cautiously and showed great perserverence to win.But they had to stop at 234 for 8.The gap of 2 was too close to touch Pakistani score yet it was very far from victory.Things could have been different if Bangladesh could gain another 3 runs.
Though 11th Asia Cup Cricket,2012 has gone to Paskistan,the final game was a great show of magical and dramatic
performance of both sides.The spectators of Bangladesh had high expectations.But in the long run they will understand that the players of Bangladesh Team really struggled hard to present the Bangladeshi people with an amazing gift.