Tag Archives: Syed Mohd. Saleh Uddin

Good bye Sri Lanka: Syed Mohd. Saleh Uddin

(The Russian blamed to Irfan that the owner of Breeze Residence Mr. Ram or some one from his staffs has taken away more than 100 US$ from his room. I wondered how is it possible! by a nice behave man like Mr. Ram whose wife is a Bank official and whose father and mother are also nice men and who gave us all the facilities and finally arranged our airport drop. Though for his service Irfan paid him about 82500 Rupee (eqvt.money).

However,I took that to be a guess only of that Rus family but I do not find answer how 5000 Rupee from Irfan’s custody and 5000 Rupee from Fatema’s bag is stolen from the room though no outsiders entered there!

So, on discussing with other people of the area it is known very gentle residence owner too are doing such crime because they know tourists will not go to the police as they have less time and they will not be able to prove it! I hope police will investigate and look into such crime for the honor of Sri-Lanka and to ensure practical sincereity of the residence owner.

I hope tourists will also try to find actual honest residence owners.In my few previous posts I talked high about Breeze Residence and Mr. Ram. If by this some one faced monetary loss, I am sorry. Mr. Ram’s external behaviour inspired me to advertised for him. I hope one day his external and internal will be the same and not a single person will be cheated by him.)

In Sri Lanka we spent more than two weeks. During this long period we have visited many areas of the land including Sri-Pada the landing place of Hazrat Adam (PBUH).

This is the sacred place for the followers of all the major religions of the world. It was believed to be it was the highest mountain peak in the earth. It may be true, in case of the green peak where foods for survival were also available and climate for human survival was present. In the other hand we know now, the Everest in the Himalayan mountain range is the highest peak. There is no doubt in it. But climate there for human survival is hostile and there is no food for human consumption.

However, I like to share with you my experiences of my Sri-Lanka visit. As a matter of fact in such a long visit there are always sweet and bitter experiences. Ours have no difference. There was a Russian family in our residence with whom Irfan talked. Once they came to Irfan and expressed their sorrow of losing more than one hundred dollar. Such may happen when one is not alert. So, while visiting any foreign country one should always be vigilant or various problems may arise. However, by the by he told their money is taken by some one from the residence. I doubt in it because the staff host residences employ must also be sincere. Though I do not know what actually happened whether they lost that some where in the beach or any one stolen that from the residence.

In my previous writings, I told you, in general Sri-Lankan are very nice men. In the bus, train and other public places they do not talk much. I heard about no pick pocket and hijack case. Here polices are very helping. Though most of the Sri-Lankan do not understand English and other languages yet some how or other they helped me finding my station in the bus and train and my abode while I was walking alone in search of that even by night.

As for example once I came from Colombo by train but I got no Kodapadu bound bus in the Negombo bus station. Police helped me by telling to go to the crossing for a Tuk Tuk. He did not take extra interest about me and I feel they never take any extra interest about a foreigner. So, foreigners there are not unnecessarily harassed by them.

However, I went to the road crossing and a Tuk Tuk driver was calling me. By this time a drunken man came and in Hindi he was talking with me and was guiding me about my destination. He took me to be an Indian.

By the by he informed me that while he was in a middle eastern country he had Indian and Bangladeshi friends. However, a drunken person could guess me to be a foreigner but most of the Lankan feel a Bangladeshi as Lankan till they talk and find him speaking Bengali. Its main reason is, people of both the countries look alike.

In Sri-Lanka what is odd looking for me was that there are many wine shops and every one can purchase any alcoholic drink from there. However, it is their culture and it should not be my concern.

Here best problem about Lankan’s is; since many of them are dealing with tourists they some times give priority of their interest only. What happened with us was as follows:

a) After landing in Sri-Lanka without knowing nicely we have given worth Rupee 10,000 equivalent in Euro to a great Doctor (we do not like to mention his name because he will not like it, we hope in future he will give priority to honesty) who was searching boarder in the airport. This we did to hire his residence in advance though we told him final decision will be taken later on and what he admitted. As the Doctor’s house was in Colombo (6 or 11) and far away from the beach and his residence was costly due to our low budget we decided to take a residence at Negombo at low cost but the Doctor did not pay us back the advanced money. So, our advise to the potential travelers is that they should pay in advance after taking final decision or before boarding only. Otherwise, You may not get your money back. This is what happened in our case.

b) During traveling towards Sri Pada ie Adam’ Peak in the Hatton station we missed the bus for our own mistake. So, we paid Rupee 5200 for a micro bus including parking charge in a parking area. If we would get bus we would require Rupee 100 or bit more per person. So, our advice, one should do right thing in a right time otherwise one may even miss aircraft. This is also happened in case of the crazy traveler Irfan. Once he was visiting Venice from Paris. During his return he reached the Venice airport well in advance. But he thought, “Let me try to sleep because the aircraft will fly at about 5 ‘o clock in the morning.” But when he got up the airplane had already taken off. So, he had to purchase a new ticket and returned to Paris.

c)As we missed the bus, we had to change dollars in Hatton for extra money. But the rate was very less. So, our advise, one should change money while in Sri-Lanka either in Colombo or Negombo from appropriate place by judging proper rate.

d) Our other loss was after the money change when we counted money later, we got no trace of Rupee 5000. Still, we do not know, whose fault was this. So, our advice is after all the transactions in a foreign country we should be sincere enough to count. Mere faith on a person is not enough and we should not do hurry at any case.

e) In the way many Lankan may try to talk with you. Our advice, be friendly with them and honor their warm activities. They will help you to know the Sri-Lanka more as Tuk Tuk driver Nausad, bus passenger Wasim, an unknown airman of Sri-Lankan Airforce, a police inspector of Sri- Lankan Police, Eros a train Passenger and many other tried to help me by giving various information.

f) However, many things you will like and others you may not like. As now I am writing good about Breeze Residence and about Mr. Ram for his nice dealings with boarders and receiving reasonable charge but I could also write good about the Residence of honorable Doctor. However, my pen is not helping me for his selfish like manner. He has given priority to Rupee about 10,000 not sincerity and Irfan’s blind faith on him.

Insha Allah we will take off for our motherland by a Lankan Airliner on 2nd, February, 2017. Good bye Sri-Lanka and its good people. I shall remember this memorable visit for a long time.

Lanka’s Holiday Travelers : Syed Mohd. Saleh Uddin

Sri Lanka is a peaceful land. It is famous for Adam’s peak in the Sri-Padaya mountain range, tea plantation in the mountainous area, beautiful sea beaches, coconut palm orchards, flowers and faunas in the mountainous and forest area, Negombo’s very nice looking lagoon etc. Every year thousands of crazy travelers from the west and elsewhere visit this land. Now we are visiting it. Irfan is with us also. He is a crazy traveler.

Irfan told the story of his last visit to Spain. Travels bring immense pleasure for the individuals but sometimes it brings also sorrow. It is such a story. Now he is travelling to Sri Lanka in the way to Malaysia and Thailand.

During his last Holy days he traveled from France to Spain. At the end of his holy day he had to return in due time to join his University. So, he needed a train ticket but unluckily his credit card was not responding and his payment was not made by the machine.

But he would had to return. Being a student of a France University he could not stay in Spain for a long time. So, he took risk and got a France bound train in Bilbao station. He knew in the European rail one may get train without ticket and in this case the passenger will be fined which is payable later in his residing country.

In due time he was checked by the ticket checker in the train. Irfan explained his problem to him and requested to allow him imposing due fine. But the Spain Railway ticket checker made him bound to got down in Lemoa station. It was a hilly station but unknown to him.

It was utter surprise for Irfan that an old but kind hearted retired man named Huan Carlos living around that station came forward and helped him giving money to purchase a ticket and food. Irfan expressed his highest gratefulness for his act of such kindness. We also give him thanks for his great and generous heart. Let almighty also make him happy.

In the past we saw in the case of the greatest travelers, many of them faced problem in their way. Some where some one created problem and what were mostly by the man of power but they were also helped by the men in the way what proved, “man is for the man”. Famous Arab traveler Ibne Batuta cited many such examples in his memoir (In Bengali Ibne Batutar Safr Nama).

By this time this crazy traveler Irfan visited Italy, Spain, Greece, Nether land, Germany, Poland, Switzerland, Serbia etc countries. He had also to face problems what were minor. In Sri Lanka also a house owner of Colombo declined to pay booked money though Irfan explained humbly about the problem of boarding in that house. In relation to Huan Carlos he is a great man and very learned Doctor. He failed to realize that this crazy student traveler saved his money to travel because he likes it. A student is never a rich man like a big businessmen. Once the Doctor was also a student too.

However,the Doctor has given priority of about 10,000 Lankan rupee not the sincere faith of the student who believed him. His saying, “I can not pay you the money, sorry- is not acceptable at all. I hope the Doctor will realize his fault!

Adam’s Peak : Syed Mohd. Saleh Uddin

It was January 24, 2017. Today on January 25 I met with Mr. Shiva and Mrs. Delrin. They are father and mother of Mr. Ram the owner of The Breeze Residence. Among them the father is a Hindu and the mother is a Christian. But they are leading their life peacefully. Their son Mr. Ram is also a nice man. I always seen him dealing with his boarders nicely. However, people of this land is tolerant to each other. This land is multi cultural in nature due to its inhabitants of different religious group and here Adam’s Peak is such a place which is sacred for all the followers of the major religions of the world. However, there are other places to visit. Whatever, the case may be while you are in this country where do you like to live? It is an important question. Those who come here in a package tour of tour organizers this post is not for them but those who come alone or with family it may be helpful one.

For the information of the Bangladeshi traveler I am giving the address of The Breeze Residence. It is near the Negombo sea beach which is in the 09 Perera Place, Kudepaduwa, Negombo, Sri- Lanka. +94 312230187 Mobile +94 771 662621. For information of the potential travelers from any where one may give a ring to Mr. Ram. For the long stay in the Sri Lanka such a residence is cheaper than hotel and they allow cooking. It means you will not face food problem.

So, you will be able to enjoy family life during your travel. Besides Mr. Ram is so friendly that he tries to give all types of comforts to his boarder and arranges transport for reasonable rate from car dealers for the tourists.

However, for the information of the travelers, it is worth mentioning that Train and Bus fare in Sri Lanka is quite cheap. As for example, I have visited Negombo to Colombo by Highway bus and Local bus. Fair of first one is 120 Lankan Rupees whereas other one charged only 56 Rupees. I visited Kudapadua to Palangatu only by 10 Rupees. I paid 2nd class fare of train from Hatton to Colombo about 260 rupees. From Hatton one may travel by Bus to Adam’s peak and its fare is very less but due to our fault we missed the Bus and paid a commission agent 5200 Rupees with parking charge for that distance for a micro bus. In the Bus we would had to pay not more than 500 Rupees for one way travel for four persons. So, imagine the difference.

But many of the visitors go to the tour organizers for transport because visitors come here for shorter time and want to complete their seeing in shorter possible time. It is also for your information that such organizations are established for business purpose and are surviving by getting commission and other profits.

Airmen of Sri Lankan Air force: Syed Mohd. Saleh Uddin

Just on 14th January, 2017 I have landed at the Colombo Airport in Sri Lanka with my wife and sister. It is a sight seeing tour. The main object of this travel is to visit Colombo, its adjacent sea beaches, Adam peaks etc. It is worth mentioning here that before visiting this land I have posted an entry in this site about Adam’s peak which was written by the help of various online articles. So, I had an intention to see it practically.

My wife was also weak about Sri Lanka because she heard from her mother ie my mother in law about their visit to Colombo sea port while they were travelling by Safina E Arab a passenger ship of then Pakistan when my father in law Gazi Mohd. Kahfel Wara was serving in the PAF. He was an airman. Now, he is not alive, but my mother in law is still alive and can clearly remember her visit to Colombo port. Though the sea liner only anchored there but none of the passengers were permitted to visit mainland.

At that time my wife was mere a child. However, in her old age her visit to Sri Lanka is granted by the al-mighty Allah along with my sister Fatema a travel crazi woman. For her previous service in the ICDDRB as a research assistant she had to visit almost all the important areas of Bangladesh. After her recent retirement from ICDDRB she was searching a good land to visit. We know about the beautiful Lanka. It has rich history and heritage. My one of the nephew Zaed a Sub Lt. of Bangladesh Navy recently visited Colombo for a mission and was permitted to land in the mainland from their BN Warship. He talked high about the land.

About me, while I was an airman of BAF I had chance to work in the No-3 Squadron of the BAF. It was a transport Squadron. Its one of Antonov-26 visited Sri Lanka. However, I was not there on duty. Yet, I thought, alas! If I would get chance. However, in my retired life and old age al-mighty Allah also given me a chance to visit the land. Thanks to him for that.

The intention of this post is to give thanks to Sri Lankan Air Force airmen whom I met during my visit to Sri Lanka. It was 15th of the January when I was walking near the Colombo rail station, I saw a SAF Corporal in uniform. I walked to him and given my air force identity. He told about his Radio trade when I told him about my Air Frame trade. He shook hand warmly and told about another person who was standing near him in civil dress to be a Squadron Leader of SAF. He also shook hand warmly. I asked the Corporal about my destination and he tried to help me giving information.

On 18 January again I went to Colombo by a local bus. While it stopped in a bus stand before a Sri Lankan Air Force Base a passenger got in and sat beside me. He is an airman of Account trade. His rank is Corporal. He also helped me while I asked him about my destination.

Whom I met they were very nice airmen. Thanks to them. Thanks to Sri Lankan Air Force.

May Allah bless Saudi King and all dawees :Syed Mohd. Saleh Uddin

Whenever an affliction strikes a Muslim and he says, as Allah commanded him, “Inna li- Llahi, wa-inna ilayhi raji un. Allahumma ajirni fi musibati, wa-akhlif li khayran minha- To Allah we belong, and to him we return, O Allah, reward me for my affliction and replace it for me with that which is better,” Allah will then surely replace it for him with that which is better. (Recorded by Muslim, al-Bayhaqi, and Ahmad)

May Allah bless Saudi King and all dawees

Today is Friday the 23rd January 2015. During Juma prayer Imam of the Uttara, sector 11 mosque announced sad news. After the Tahazzud prayer the Amir (leader) of the Zamaat that came from Tajikistan and Kazakhstan of Russian federation had normal death. His name is Muhammad Ameer Ali. He was with his two sons in the Zamaat. Other members of the zamaat were mostly  came from Kazakhstan though he was from Tajikistan.

To the believers ‘there is no difference between life and death’. On death they simply change their abode from this earth to other world. So, in their life before death they supplicate to kind almighty Allah to give death with Iman and in the way of Allah. I hope Allah accepted his past supplications.

Today there was another shocking news about King of Saudi Arabia. It was death of the king Abdullah of Saudi Arabia. About him following information I got in the internet(http://english.alarabiya.net/en/News/middle-east/2015/01/23/Saudi-King-Abdullah-passes-away.html)as:

 

Abdullah bin Abdulaziz Al Saud was the King of Saudi Arabia and Custodian of the Two Holy Mosques from 2005 to 2015. He ascended to the throne on 1 August 2005 upon the death of his half-brother, King Fahd. Wikipedia. Other important information about him is as follows:

 

  1. Born:August 1, 1924, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
  2. Died:January 23, 2015
  3. Spouse:Alanoud AlFayez (m. 1972–2003), more
  4. Parents:Ibn SaudFahda bint Asi Al Shuraim
  5. Siblings:Salman bin Abdulaziz Al SaudFahd of Saudi Arabiamore
  6. Children:Mutaib bin AbdullahAdila bint Abdulla Al Saud,

 

A Heart is like a bird : Syed Mohd. Saleh Uddin

DSC06968Jatiyo Sangshad Bhaban, or the National Parliament Building of Bangladesh, located at Dhaka, Bangladesh. It was designed by Architect Louis Kahn (Courtesy:”Jatiyo Sangshad Bhaban (Roehl)” by Karl Ernst Roehl (ke.roehl AT web.de) – http://www.wefer-roehl.de/photos/bangladesh.htm. Licensed under CC BY-SA 3.0 via Wikimedia Commons – http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Jatiyo_Sangshad_Bhaban_(Roehl).jpg#mediaviewer/File:Jatiyo_Sangshad_Bhaban_(Roehl).jpg)

A Heart is like a bird

It was 17 January 2015. I got Tongi bound 27 number bus from Subhan Bagh. It was my birth place. So, my mind started flying. It is such bird that does not follow the law of time. It can fly back to the past and none can stop it to fly to any future even to the world to come. It flies in its own ways and styles.

When I could understand the beauty of nature all around there plain or low land charmed me. I walked down the shallow land full of marsh land’s ‘Buru’ fields. At that time such rice plants could grow up with the rise of flood water. So, their leaves top could be seen fluttering in wild breeze during flood time. It was the story of 60 years ago. Now with the rise of high rise building this Eco-system is unimaginable in Dhaka.

However, our bus turned right near Asad Gate and was moving towards Farm gate. In due time our bus crossed the ‘Sangsad Bhaban’ (National assembly Bhaban). In front of it there are flower gardens. There are beds of various seasonal flowers nicely maintained. There are also big palm trees which were imported from a foreign country for beautification. Then our bus crossed the Khejor bagan (date palm garden).

In our boyhood these places were there. But not like today. Under the Sangsad Bhaban there was Dhaka Farm Primary School. I was a student of that school. Near the Khejor bagan there was a shed for rice research plantation. In between the shade and our school there was low land where marshy land various types of rice were planted for research. Nearby in the highland there were agriculture related offices and quarters for the officers and staffs. A long red British Govt. constructed building was the office of my father. It was the office of East Pakistan Government veterinary department. Now all these are only written in the history of ‘Mahakal’ i.e. unending time. All those were replaced by our glorious ‘Sangsad Bhaban’. Its construction works were started during Pakistan period  about 60 years ago. In Bangladesh period time to time it was more beautified.

Our bus was moving .It crossed ‘Khamar Bari’ the agriculture departmental head quarters of the Bangladesh Government. In my boyhood it was honey research center. Then Government spared the area for Khamar Bari. This name is very important to poet agriculturist Dr. Syed Zainul Abedin because he wrote the a  poem entitled ‘Khamarbari’ in the spirit of the Freedom War of Bangladesh.Later the concerned authority of the Government  selected  the name for the building in which the headquarters of Department of Agricultural Extension and a number of other offices are located.. Besides,  most of the district head offices of agriculture department are also named the same. In front of the Khamar Bari now there is Islamia Eye Hospital. It was established by Dr. T. Ahmed. His son Flt. Lt. Alauddin of PAF was a martyr of 1965 war between India and Pakistan.

In my school life including this Hospital area till Farm Gate there was a big Horticulture garden of the agriculture department of the government. Now that portion is a park. While our bus was crossing it I saw a big pandal of Ursh (a type of sufi congregation) of Kutubbaghi. In Bangladesh now there are also ursh (of Sufi school) of Dewanbaghi, Saiadabadi, Rajarbaghi, Aatrashi, Charmonie, Maijh bhandari, al- azhari etc. I had a chance to talk with  chair person of ‘Peer Mashaikh Party’ Salauddin Gazi on many occasions. According to his discussion, one can purify his soul by various practices of Sufism.

However, fundamentalists say about them, if Sufism within the boundary of Islami Sharia then there is no harm in practicing this. But it is seen in Bangladesh few schools of Sufi ignore obligatory rituals. To the fundamentalist leaders such groups cannot claim themselves Muslim because they do not recognize obligatory Salat, Siam, Hajj etc as Farj rituals. In the Islamic history there are names of many Muslim Sufi. Persian poet Rumy, Arab poet Ibnul Arabi and woman mystic Rabya Bashri are very famous for their Sophist activities. Sufi Monsur Hallaz may also be named. He for his non fundamentalist activity was sentenced to death by the court.

In conclusion I like to say Hakkani Sufis follow Islam properly and in addition they meditate for the purification of the heart according to the instruction of their Peer-Masaikh(Spritual teachers).

A Sufi Philosopher Ibn ul-Qayyim said:

“In its travel to Allah, a heart is like a bird: love is its head, and fear and hope are its two wings. If the head and wings are in good condition, the bird flies well. If the head is removed, the bird dies. And if the wings are lost, the bird becomes defenceless before hunters and predators.” (courtesy: al-Jabaly’s work)

Our bus crossed Farm Gate and was proceeding towards Tongi. In the Bus there were few people who were going to Estema. The second time Estema was going on. Fact is Hakkani Peer- Masaikh and Tabligi Ameer all teach their followers about Tawhid and the ways of purification and salvation of souls which is possible by love and fear of Allah and also by hope for the best in the next world.

Saudi Road Transportation: Syed Mohd. Saleh Uddin

Not only Saudi Arabia but also complete Arab world is in Arabian Peninsula. Most of its land is covered with desert. However there are also oases in that great desert. From the beginning of the human civilization human being had to use this land. As our creator Allah made arrangement to meet first man and woman i.e. Adam and Eve in this earth first in a place of the Arabian desert.  This is  the faith of the  believers.

In 2014 during  my travel of Mecca and Medina in the month of September and October as a pilgrims I had a chance to experience atmosphere from Jeddah to Medina. For the information of future pilgrims and other traveler to Mecca and Medina I like t

Alexander soldiers, Mongol hordes, later warring nations rushed to fight and conquer others land. How during Moses(PBUH), Abraham (PBUH) and our prophet(S) preachers used to preach the religion of monotheism. During our bus travel from Jeddah to Mecca and then to Medina we experienced very scorching heat. Though bus was air conditioned. Roads were very smooth. But during time of prophet there were no good road from one to place another place. Then they had to struggle very hard for their livelihood.

Now KSA is one of the rich country. The Government of that country given very importance for its road transportation. As this big countries having many cities,towns and villages scattered far and near. In the desert there are nomad oases. Government of KSA given attention to build road net works. Specially all the cities and towns are linked with big and small roads. Though pilgrims can move from Jeddah to Mecca and Medina during Hajj months yet a list of big cities of KSA is attached here from wikipedia for international readers. Because from Bangladesh and many countries of the world sends their unemployed interested people to serve in KSA. So, far I heard in almost all the cities of the KSA there are Bangladeshi workers.

o say climatic temperature may rise to 55 degree  in centigrade scale. During my travel in Mecca average temperature was 35*c(temp of Sept) and in Medina 31*c( temp of Oct). I wonder how in the rough ancient days when travels were mere on foot or at best by the beast of burden like camel, horse, donkey and mule. Then also that desert people survived.

 

Cabin crews 35000 feet above the Sea level : Syed Mohd. Saleh Uddin

(The writer is an Ex CI of College of Aviation Technology and National Institute of Engineering and Technology in Bangladesh who taught in Aerospace Engineering and also Cabin crew courses)

On 5th September 2014 in my Jeddah bound flight I got cabin crew Shehan an Egyptian on duty near an emergency door what was adjacent to my seat also. On 14th October in my return flight I was a passenger in the upper deck. Here an Indonesian and an Arab cabin crews were on duty. In both the cases aircraft was Boeing 747 of Saudia. It is a big aircraft. Generally it flies with more than 400 passengers. In such big air craft cabin crews are very important persons. They play vital roles for the comfort of the passengers and safety of the passengers of the aircraft in emergency. In this article I shall discuss some of their duties while they are in the air, in addition I like to give few tips what a potential cabin crew or serving cabin crews have to know.

There are many airliners worldwide. So, thousands of cabin crews are working there. Still many such jobs are vacant worldwide. Every year among the interested suitable candidates few get this lucrative job. In no case employers select sub-standard one. At present there are many institutes in the developed countries that impart cabin crew training. In Bangladesh including CATECH many other institutes have this course. It is worth mentioning here that if anyone is not fit physically to fly he will never get such job. To become a cabin crew training is not essential but may be an advantage. Here I like to say, I asked Shehan whether she had any training before getting the job. She told no training she got before but after selection airliners given her training. Same case is with many Arab and non Arab cabin crews who are serving in the Saudia. It is ill luck for me, I found no Bangladeshi in my to and fro flights. It does not mean that there is no Bangladeshi cabin crew in Saudia.

However, those who are interested to become a cabin crew they may do a course in such an institute that actually teaches. Few institutes are just interested to issue a certificate teaching nothing but showing few practical movies in power point again and again. A cabin crew must have idea about many materials and matters about aircraft, airliners, air navigation, airport, controlling authorities, hospitality in the air etc. However, if course is not done then also one may apply. If you have required qualities employer may select you and will give you required training. If you are interested don’t hesitate to apply whether you have training or not when you get advertisement. Remember if you get chance to become a cabin crew, you may get chance to fly 35000 ft above the sea level or any level in the aero-space. I wish the best of your luck.

Lastly, I like to conclude the article telling you few duties of a cabin crews. It is not that tough. It is like family duties to other members of the family. Such as serving foods and drinks, take care about the comfort of the passengers as distributing blanket etc, guiding passengers to fasten seat belt and open and how to use toilets. All the cabin crews are taught what to do during emergency, how to deal with panic passengers, how passengers should be taken out from the aircraft during crash landing, how passengers will use oxygen musk, survival kits etc. For aircraft safety they have some duties. They will have to maintain intercom contact immediately with the captain in such case. After successful crash landing in the sea they have to work to keep the moral up of the wounded and other who are alive till their rescue. However, I wish to almighty Allah let there be no misshapen and no air disaster! Let all the flights be as smooth as silk!