Tag Archives: Syeda Tasnim Jannat

Blue Mormon-An Elegant Butterfly of Bangladesh: Syeda Tasnim Jannat

I was walking along a country road of Gazipur recently on a holiday.
The road passed through dense vegetation comprising jackfruit,mango,jujube,Indian olive,tamarind,amloki,various citrus species, Sal ,Bajna,acacia and many domestic and wild plants.The area was a part of Sal forest and characterized by red soil.
While enjoying the lush green beauty of the landscape
I saw a large butterfly flying over my head.The butterfly soon settled on a leaf of Sal tree in front of me.It sat on the leaf and spread its wings.I was astonished to see the beauty of the elegant butterfly.Its wings were mixture of blue,black and white.I took my
Samsung mobile phone and captured its images.
I checked the images of the butterfly in the net and could identify it.It was Blue Mormon.Its scientific name is Papilio polymnestor.The butterfly species was declared as the State Butterfly of Maharashtra of India.Authorities of India has chosen
a really beautiful butterfly for one of its states.
Later,I saw Blue Mormon butterfly on Ixora and rose flowers.Its beauty enhanced with its presence on various flowers and foliage.

I also saw a number of photos of the butterfly in Flickr posted by some butterfly enthusiasts of Bangladesh.The photos showed the butterfly sipping nectar from Ixora flowers indicating its preference of the host plant.The butterfly was photographed from Dhaka and Barisal in the said photos.

Torben Bjorn Larsen cited the species in Butterflies of Bangladesh : An Annotated Checklist.He mentioned that he saw the species in Dhaka Botanical Garden,Jahangir Nagar University Campus,Savar and in Sylhet.

The occurrence of the elegant Blue Mormon in wide areas and in many locations of Bangladesh is a vital proof that it is a native species of our country.

Let us hail this elegant butterfly and enjoy its divine beauty.

I have posted some links of photographs and videos of Blue Mormon from Flickr and Youtube.They will help you identify the elegant butterfly in the environment.

Blue Mormon (Papilio polymnestor)

 

Insect Pests of Bangladesh : Syeda Tasnim Jannat

Bangladesh is rich in insect fauna.All insect species are not pests which cause damage to crops,trees and other resources.We will consider insect species that cause damage to crops and resources in this article.
A good number of insect pests attack the crops and resources in various stages of their growth,storage and shipment.The scientists who deal with insects are called entomologists.Their dedicated role
help the growers and home makers to manage the insect pests.
Rice Insect Pests
Rice is one of the major cereal crops of Bangladesh.It is grown as the staple food crop and thus receives most attention by the farmers,scientists,extension officers and policy makers.Bangladesh Rice Research Institute (BRRI) undertakes research and monitoring work for the management of rice insect pests.About 175 insect pests have been recorded in Bangladesh which cause varying degrees of damage.About 20 insect pests cause economic damage to the rice crop
in different growing seasons.A link of Rice Knowledge Bank managed by International Rice Research Institute (IRRI) has been given below for the management of rice insect pests:
http://www.knowledgebank.irri.org/step-by-step-production/growth/pests-and-diseases/insects

Similar Rice Knowledge Bank is also managed by BRRI which may be viewed at the following link for guidance on rice insect pest management:

http://knowledgebank-brri.org/rice-insect-and-pest-control-management/

Seminar on “Zero Hunger Challenges and Sustainable Development Goals: Harmonization with On-going Initiatives to Address Food Security, Hunger and Malnutrition”: Syeda Tasnim Jannat

A seminar on “Zero Hunger Challenges and Sustainable Development Goals: Harmonization with On-going Initiatives to Address Food Security, Hunger and Malnutrition” was held on 01 July 2015 at the BARC Auditorium, Farmgate, Dhaka. The seminar was jointly organized by Bangladesh Agricultural Research Council (BARC) and Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO). The key speaker of the seminar was Dr. Kostas G. Stamoulis, Director, Agricultural Development Economics Division, FAO Headquarter, Rome, Italy. Before joining FAO, Kostas was teaching Agricultural Economics at the University of Illinois in Urbana Champaign. He is a Greek national, he has a PhD in Agricultural and Resource Economics from the University of California Berkley. Dr. Abul Kalam Azad, Executive Chairman, BARC presented the welcome address. The seminar was introduced by Dr. Mike Robson, FAO Representative in Bangladesh. The designated discussants of the seminar were Dr. Mustafa K. Mujeri, Former Director General, BIDS and Dr. Sazzad Zahir, Executive Director, Economic Research Group (ERG). The eminent economists Dr. Mirza Azizul Islam, Former Adviser to the Government; Dr. Hossain Zillur Rahman, Former Adviser to the Government and Dr. Qazi Kholiquzzaman Ahmad, Chairman, PKSF also discussed on the topic in the seminar as guests of honour. Dr. Shamsul Alam, Senior Member, General Economics Division (GED), Planning Commission, Government of Bangladesh chaired the seminar. Dr. Kostas G. Stamoulis presented a seminar presentation on “Meeting International Hunger Targets: From Commitment to Action”. Dr. Kostas mentioned in his presentation that the number of undernourished people in the world in 2014-16 is 795 million and the number of undernourished people in developing countries is 780 million. He also mentioned that a decline by 167 million in the number of undernourished people was observed in the last 10 years. It was also revealed from his presentation that the highest number (281 million) of undernourished people live in South Asia followed by Sub Saharan Africa (220 million) and East Asia (145 million). He pointed out that MDG1 hunger target to halve the proportion of undernourished people between 1990 and 2015 was almost reached but the WFS goal to halve the number of undernourished people between 1990 and 2015 was missed. He also mentioned that 72 countries including Bangladesh achieved MDG1 hunger targets. Dr. Kostas mentioned in the summary of MDG1 hunger target that MDG 1c hunger target is within reach with additional efforts and MDG 1c target had already been reached in 63 countries. He also pointed out in that summary that the WFS goal will not be achieved and the WFS goal was achieved by only 25 countries. He also identified some key factors for success in reducing hunger which are rural markets, economic growth, family farming and social protection. In his presentation, it was also revealed that the poverty headcount ratio in Bangladesh was 24.5 in 2014. It was also found that in Bangladesh the number of undernourished people is 26.3 millions and the prevalence of undernourishment is 16.4% in 2014-16 and thus Bangladesh achieved the MDG1 target. Dr. Kostas observed some environmental components which enabled this success. The enabling environment for this great success comprises of high level commitments, policies, investments (financial and in capacity), governance and evidence-based decision making. Dr. Kostas listed the following points as way forward:
 Strengthen food production diversification
 Invest in public goods and services such as infrastructure
 Adapt to climate change is essential to sustain food production in a sustainable way
 Boost market-driven initiatives and community participation in Social Safety Net programmes
 Improve nutritional outcomes by strengthening the focus on program targeting
 Diversify diets while supporting local productions systems
 Enhance food safety practices; Formulate food safety regulations/standards
 Integrate FSN (Food Security and Nutrition) in all relevant policies and programmes including the new NFSNP-POA and CIP
 Strategic coordination of FSN related policies across sectors (MUCH)
 Integrate FSN, especially Nutrition in Sectoral policies and programmes (MUCH)

Role of Information & Communication Technology (ICT) in Agricultural Extension of Bangladesh: Syeda Tasnim Jannat

 

The economy of Bangladesh depends chiefly on agriculture. The challenge of feeding the increasing population from the shrinking land and water resources is a great task. Many agencies are working to support the farmers to produce food materials and related products. A number of approaches are taken to provide farmers required information to support their farming operation. The agricultural system of Bangladesh has a long history of coping with the challenges. The system has experienced remarkable development over time. Inclusion of Information and Communication Technologies (ICT) enhanced the capacity of the system to face the challenges. Agricultural technologies generated by Agricultural Research Institutes are now being disseminated to the farmers by the Agricultural Extension agencies. The use of ICT technologies for disseminating agricultural technologies has been proved to be useful for enhancement of production. The major ICT technologies for transferring scientific innovations are mobile phone and computer. It has been revealed through a survey of Katalyst in 2013 that the farmers seek the following information through the helpline of mobile phone.

  • 67% regarding pest management of crops
  • 2% regarding seed
  • 7% regarding fertilizer
  • 10% regarding cultivation technologies
  • 14% regarding other issues

The same survey revealed that 84% rural farmers use mobile phones, 67% farm families use more than one mobile phones and 73% farm families use more than one sims. By using ICT 7 lakh 45 thousand farm families were benefited and the average income increased BDT 10, 500 per family.

This article has been prepared on the basis of Round Table Conference/Workshop arranged by popular newspaper Prothom Alo held on 06 June 2015. The Round Table was the outcome of collaboration of the government of Bangladesh, Katalyst, Swisscontact, UKAID, SDC and DANIDA. Twelve distinguished persons participated in the important round table. Summary of the conference was published on 03 July, 2015 in Prothom Alo as a supplementary. I tried to capture the salient points of the discussion from the supplementary to share with the readers around the world. The participants of the conference were:

  1. Sheikh Hemayet Hossain, Director, Field Services Wing, Department of Agricultural Extension (DAE)
  2. Mokbul Hossain, Project Director & Principal Scientific Officer, Soil Resources Development Institute (SRDI)
  3. Md. Zahangir Alam, Deputy Director, Mass Communication, Agriculture Information Service (AIS)
  4. Jalal Hossain, Head of Business Strategy and Strategic Project, Banglalink
  5. Mohammad Muntasir Hossain, General Manager, VAAS & Digital Services, Grameen Phone
  6. Nujhat Jannatun Naim, Senior Executive, Infrastructure Business, Banglalink
  7. Kashfia Ahmed, CEO, Win Incorporate
  8. Sumaia Sadia Raihan, Lead Specialist, VAAS & Digital Services, Grameen Phone
  9. Remizius Remi, Head of Technical, Win Miyaki Ltd.
  10. Nafia Hussain, Manager, Katalyst
  11. Mohammad Sakib Khaled, Business Consultant, Katalyst
  12. Abdul Quiyum, Associate Editor, Prothom Alo

Following recommendations emerged from the discussion of the Round Table conference:

  • All concerned including mass media should work together to alert the farmers
  • The efficiency of farmers should be enhanced. All concerned including government, Telecom companies shpuld take responsibilities for the purpose.
  • Farmers should be provided standard information after careful selection and vetting
  • Farmers should be given such agricultural information which they can trust
  • All concerned should deeply contemplate on the best means/ways of communicating with the farmer.
  • There should be seals of the government on the supplied agricultural information.

The round table conference organized by Prothom Alo was a pioneering initiative. This initiative may inspire other media to come forward to explore various problems and prospects of agriculture sector. Our country and concerned people will invariably be benefited from such initiatives.

Agricultural Programmes of Television and Radio of Bangladesh : Syeda Tasnim Jannat

The electronic media of Bangladesh play vital role in disseminating and popularizing agricultural technologies.Among the electronic media television and radio contribute immensely for enhancing the spread of agricultural technologies.The regular extension service run by public agencies and non government organizations is strengthened by the contributions of electronic media.

You can have an idea from the following information that both  public and private electronic media are contributing for disseminating agricultural technologies.Since the economy of Bangladesh is chiefly  based on agriculture all electronic media should engage more time and resources on this sector.However,the electronic media who have come forward in popularizing agricultural technologies,practices and business must be congratulated for understanding the reality.

Agricultural Programmes of Television and Radio of Bangladesh

 

Media Programme (with brief description) Frequency
Bangladesh Television(BTV)Public terrestrial TV Channel 1.Mati o Manush(Soil and Man),a popular programme showing agricultural technologies and disseminating relevant information.2.Banglar Krishi(Agriculture of Bengal),regular daily technology disseminating programme3.Krishi Songbad(Agriculture News),agricultural news Telecast on five days a week at 0700 P.M. on Monday,Tuesday and Wednesday and at 0610 A.M. on Thursday and Friday.The programme is retelecast on the following days at 0810 A.M.2.Telecast everyday at 0725 A.M.3.Telecast regularly with news
Channel IPrivate TV Channel 1.Hridoye Mati o Manush(Soil and Man in the Heart)2.Hridoye Mati o Manusher Dak(Call of Soil and Man in the Heart)3.Krishi Songbad(Agriculture News) 1.Telecast on Saturday at 0935 P.M. and retelecast on Sunday at 1130 A.M.2.Telecast on 0305 P.M.3.Telecast regularly with all news
Bangla VisionPrivate TV Channel 1.Shaymol Bangla(Green Bangla) 1.Telecast on Thursday at 0550 P.M.Retelecast on Thurday at 0330 A.M.,Friday at 0830 A.M. and on Wednesday at 0930 A.M.
Boishakhi TelevisionPrivate TV Channel Krishi o Jibon(Agriculture and Life) Telecast on Sunday at 0620 A.M. and retelecast on Monday at 0230 A.M.
GTVPrivate TV Channel Shobuj Bangla(Green Bangla) Telecast on Friday at 0630 A.M.and retelecast on Friday at 0945 A.M.,Saturday at 1130 A.M. and Monday at 0530 P.M.
Bangladesh Betar,Dhaka(Radio Bangladesh,Dhaka) 1.Desh Amar Mati Amar(My Country My Soil),National programme2.Krishi Shomachar(Agricultural Affairs),National programme3.Shonali Foshol(Golden Crop),Regional Programme4.Shobuj Prantor(Green Field),National programme5.Shoshho Shaymol(Green Crop),National programme

6.Amar Desh(My Country),

National programme

1.Broadcast daily at 0705-0730 P.M.2.Broadcast daily at 0625-0630 A.M.3.Broadcast daily at 0605-0635P.M.4.Broadcast on Fridays at 0550-0600 P.M.5.Broadcast on the 3rd Thursdays at 0830-0900 P.M.6.Broadcast daily at 0435-0435 P.M.
Bangladesh Betar,Chittagong 1.Krishi Shomachar (Agricultural Affairs),Regional programme2.Krishi Khamar ( AgriculturalFarm),Regional programme 1.Broadcast daily at 0625-0630 A.M. in Summer and at 0655-0700 A.M.in Winter2.Broadcast daily at 0610-0650 P.M.
Bangladesh Betar,Khulna 1.Krishi Shomachar (Agricultural Affairs),Regional programme2.Chashabad(Cultivation),Regional programme 1.Broadcast daily at 0625-0630 A.M. in Summer and at 0655-0700 A.M.in Winter2.Broadcast daily at 0610-0650 P.M.
Bangladesh Betar,Rangpur 1.Krishi Shomachar (Agricultural Affairs),Regional programme2.Khet Khamare(In Field and Farm),Regional programme 1.Broadcast daily at 0625-0630 A.M. in Summer and at 0655-0700 A.M.in Winter2.Broadcast daily at 0605-0635 P.M.
Bangladesh Betar,Rajshahi 1.Khet Khamar Shomachar ( Affairs of Field and Farm),Regional programme2.Shobuj Bangla(Green Bangla),Regional programme 1.Broadcast daily at 0625-0630 A.M. in Summer and at 0655-0700 A.M.in Winter2.Broadcast daily at 0605-0645P.M.
Bangladesh Betar,Sylhet 1.Ajker Chashabad(Today’s Cultivation),Regional programme2.Shaymol Sylhet(Green Sylhet),Regional programme 1.Broadcast daily at 0625-0630 A.M. in Summer and at 0655-0700 A.M.in Winter2.Broadcast daily at 0605-0645P.M. except Friday
Bangladesh Betar,Rangamati Khamarbari (Farmhouse),Regional programme Broadcast daily at 0320-0330 P.M.
Bangladesh Betar,Bandarban Krishikotha(Agriculture Talk),Regional programme Broadcast on Sunday,Monday,Tuesday and Wednesday at 0405-0425 P.M.
Bangladesh Betar,Barisal Krishikotha(Agriculture Talk),Regional programme Broadcast on Saturday,Monday,Tuesday,Thursday and Friday at 0315-0335 P.M.
Bangladesh Betar,Cox’s Bazar Shonali Prantor(Golden Field),Regional programme Broadcast on Friday,Saturday,Sunday and Tuesday at 0305-0330 P.M.
Bangladesh Betar,Thakurgaon Kishan Mati Desh(Farmer Soil Country),Regional programme Broadcast on Friday,Saturday,Monday and Wednesday at 0605-0630 P.M.
Bangladesh Betar,Comilla Shujola Shufola (Well-watered Well-produced )Regional programme Broadcast on Sunday,Tuesday,and Thursday at 0520-0530 P.M.
Agricultural Radios

Various programmes ,

Regional programme

Broadcast daily from morning till night

Boishakhi TelevisionPrivate TV Channel          Shofolotar Shat Rong(Seven Colors of Success)                                                                                                                                                Broadcast on Saturday at 0300 P.M.

Fabulous Story of Strawberry :Syeda Tasnim Jannat

The very word ‘strawberry’ creates a lovely feeling in the mind.The wonderful color of a ripe fruit of strawberry,the amazing flavor of the fruit and the delicious taste of the fruit all rush to the mind to create the special feeling.

People of Bangladesh had little idea of this fruit ten years ago.Some brand of ice creams containing color and flavor of strawberry and pictures of the fruit advertisement in media were the only hints of this fruit.The fruit was thought as an exotic one that grew in western countries only.Though it was noted in some books that strawberry could be grown in Bangladesh,yet efforts for successful growing of the fruit was not known.

The creative individuals across the country were trying to grow strawberry in their garden and laboratory for quite long.They collected vines from various countries and made many attempts to grow this wonderful on the soil  of Bangladesh.Some attempts were partially successful.But,commercial growing was not feasible.

At last,the breakthrough came.Some varieties of Strawberry proved to stand in the climate of Bangladesh and produce profitable yield.Gradually the magical fruit spread across the country through some enterprising and innovative farmers.People became happy to have a brand new fruit for which they dreamt.

If you visit a Bangladeshi marketplace you may find a number of strawberry varieties being sold by vendors at reasonable price.You may see how a customer is bargaining to buy some strawberry fruits.

I like to extend my heartfelt thanks to all persons who tried hard to introduce the delicious and nutritious strawberry fruit in Bangladesh.I also congratulate  the farmers who are working to grow this fruit to supply to the people of Bangladesh.

I am extremely happy to have a fabulous fruit in Bangladesh.I hope this fruit will help farmers to earn a lot and the at  same time people will enjoy a nutritious fruit to fight malnutrition.

 

Mushroom Species of Bangladesh : Syeda Tasnim Jannat

Cultivation of mushroom is getting popularity in Bangladesh day by day.The chief reason of this trend is the supportive role of the Government of Bangladesh and incessant efforts of the experts of National Mushroom Development and Training Institute,Savar under the leadership of the Department of Agricultural Extension.

The modern facility of mushroom production,extension,training and research started its effective programme under the name ofNational Mushroom Development and Extension Centre of Department of Agricultural Extension under Ministry of Agriculture of the Government of Bangladesh.The centre has now acquired lots of experience in mushroom cultivation and achieved expertise to popularize the nutritious mushroom species.Following species of mushroom are being cultivated in Bangladesh.

1.Oyster Mushroom-(a)Pleurotus ostreatus;(b)Pleurotus  djmour;(c)Pleurotus  cystidiosus;(d)Pleurotus  citrinopleatus;(e)Pleurotus  geesternus;(f)Pleurotus  florida;(g)Pleurotus  sajor-caju;(h)Pleurotus  highking;(i) Pleurotus  sapidus (j)Pleurotus  eryngii

2.Ear Mushroom-Auricularia auricula

3.Milky White Mushroom-Calocybe indica

4.Straw Mushroom-Volvariella volvacea

5.Reishi Mushroom-Ganoderma lucidum

6.Shiitake Mushroom-Lentinus edodes

7.Button Mushroom-(a)Agaricus bisporus;(b)Agaricus bitorquis;(c)Agaricus blezi

8.Monkey Head Mushroom-Hericium erinaceus

Mushroom in Food and Nutrition Security : Syeda Tasnim Jannat

Bangladesh is a small country with vast population.It is always struggling to supply enough food to meet the demand of its ever increasing population and decreasing cultivable land and other resources.

It is really a divine blessing that that self sufficiency in cereal grain has been achieved in Bangladesh.But self sufficiency of food grain does not mean food and nutrition security.Consumption of six essential nutrients in balanced quantities by human beings may ensure food and nutrition security.The essential nutrients are carbohydrates,proteins,fats,vitamins, minerals and water.Cereal grains may have variable amounts of some amount of other nutrients in addition to carbohydrates.Remaining essential nutrients need to be collected and consumed from other food sources.the essential nutrients are responsible for performing at least one of the following functions in the human body.

1.Regulate metabolic processes.

2.Provide energy.

3.Build and repair tissues.

Judicious consumption of cereals and other carbohydrate foods,meats,milk,pulses,edible oils and fats,vegetables,minerals and water may help a person to have a healthy life.Though high level of expertise is required to ascertain deficiency or excesses of essential nutrients yet basic knowledge of nutrition is indispensable  for each person for maintaining happy and productive life.

Mushroom has been added recently  to the food basket of Bangladesh.Common edible mushroom contains large amount of protein,minerals and fibers in addition to some carbohydrates and fats.Its cultivation procedure is very simple.Besides, very less land is needed for its cultivation.Many male and female farmers are successfully growing mushroom after taking training from the National Mushroom Development and Extension Centre and its branches spread across Bangladesh.People are getting used to consume the delicious and nutritious mushroom foods and improving their nutrition status.

Considering the aforesaid attributes  of mushroom it may be easily cultivated in large scale for ensuring food and nutrition security of the people of Bangladesh.