Tag Archives: Bangladesh Agricultural Research Institute

International Conference on Research and Extension for Sustainable Rural Development held in Rural Development Academy, Bogra,Bangladesh:Syeda Tasnim Jannat

Bangladesh Agricultural Extension Society and Rural Development Academy (RDA) jointly organized an International Conference on Research and Extension for Sustainable Rural Development during 15-16 February, 2018 with the participation of a large number of extensionists, researchers and other stakeholders. The event was organized at the green and clean premises of Rural Development Academy (RDA) located at Sherpur, Bogra.
The inaugural ceremony of the conference was graced by Professor Dr. Manash Mohan Adhikary, former Vice-chancellor, Bidhan Chandra Krishi Bishwabiddyaloy, West Bengal, India as the chief guest. Mr. M. A. Matin, Director General of Rural Development Academy was the Chief Patron while Professor Dr. M. Zulfikar Rahman, President of Bangladesh Agricultural Extension Society presided over the session.
Dr. A. K. M. Zakaria, Director, Training Division, RDA presented the welcome address. Then Mr. M. A. Matin, Director General of Rural Development Academy presented the keynote speech highlighting the collaboration of RDA with Bangladesh Agricultural Extension Society. He informed the audience that Mr. Md. Mashiur Rahman Ranga, MP, Honourable State Minister, Ministry of LGRD and Co-operatives, Govt. of the People’s Republic of Bangladesh could not attend as the Chief Guest due to important meeting in Dhaka. Crests and certificates were awarded to some progressive farmers for their achievements in their respective fields. Professor Dr. Manash Mohan Adhikary, former Vice-chancellor, Bidhan Chandra Krishi Bishwabiddyaloy, West Bengal, India expressed satisfaction for the dynamic activities of Bangladesh Agricultural Extension Society and assured continued cooperation to this organization. Professor Dr. M. Jiaul Hoque, General Secretary, Bangladesh Agricultural Extension Society offered the vote of thanks to the participants, organizers, patrons and all concerned for their support, cooperation and contribution. The inaugural session was concluded by the closing remarks by Dr. M. Zulfikar Rahman, President of Bangladesh Agricultural Extension Society who highly appreciated Mr. M. A. Matin and his team of RDA for their support and cooperation in organizing the two days international conference.
Technical sessions were organized at four venues where eight sessions took place on 15 and 16 February, 2018. Following technical sessions were held covering relevant aspects of research and extension for sustainable rural development:
1. Models for Agricultural Extension and Rural Development
2. Research on Agricultural Extension and Rural Development
3. Climate Change, Disaster, Environment and Food Security
4. Applied and On-farm Research in Agriculture (Part-1)
5. Socio-economic Issues of Rural Development
6. Sustainable and Innovative Technologies towards Rural Development
7. Cross-cutting Areas of Agriculture and Rural Development
8. Applied and On-farm Research in Agriculture (Part-2)
Felicitation and Cultural Evening was held on 15 February at night at RDA Auditorium. The cultural function was very attractive. Many young artists and participants rendered their contributions in the cultural function which included songs, recitations, jokes and dancing events. A visit to RDA facilities and farm was organized by RDA management on 16 February morning. The participants were amazed by the innovative activities and action research of RDA. They acquired knowledge of the special activities of RDA during this visit. The concluding session was held on 16 February at RDA Auditorium. The outstanding presenters were awarded in the concluding session. Dr. Akram H. Chowdhury, Chairman, Barendra Multipurpose Development Authority was present in the concluding session as chief guest. Professor Dr. Lutful Hasan, Coordinator, Committee for Advanced Studies and Research (CASR), Bangladesh Agricultural University, Mymensingh addressed the audience as guest of honour. Mr. M. A. Matin, Director General of Rural Development Academy and Dr. M. Zulfikar Rahman, President of Bangladesh Agricultural Extension Society also spoke in the session.
Business session for BAES members was held on 16 February. An executive committee for 2018-19 term was formed in the business session. A visit to Mahasthangar, a famous historical place of Bogra was arranged after the business session. This visit was a lifetime experience for the most of the participants.
Professor Dr. Mohammad Jiaul Hoque, General Secretary, BAES informed this correspondent that 200 participants from home and abroad registered for the international conference. A good number of participants joined from China,India,Indonesia,Malaysia,Nigeria, Philippines and Somalia. Presentations of Technical sessions and Poster display focused on research and extension activities for sustainable rural development in Bangladesh and in the countries of the foreign participants. A comprehensive Abstract Proceedings was published and distributed among all participants. The proceedings incorporated all information related to the conference. The proceedings was enriched by the valuable messages from Sheikh Hasina, Hon’ble Prime Minister, Govt. of the People’s Republic of Bangladesh and Md. Mashiur Rahman Ranga, MP, Hon’ble State Minister, Ministry of Local Government, Rural Development and Co-operatives, Govt. of the People’s Republic of Bangladesh. Besides, precious messages from Ms Mafruha Sultana, Secretary, Rural Development and Cooperative Division, Ministry of Local Government, Rural Development and Co-operatives, Govt. of the People’s Republic of Bangladesh, Professor Dr.Md. Ali Akbar, Vice-Chancellor, Bangladesh Agricultural University, Professor, Dr. M. Abul Kashem, Vice-Chancellor, Hajee Mohammad Danesh Science and Technology University, Professor Dr. Md. Jasimuddin Khan, Pro- Vice-Chancellor, Bangladesh Agricultural University, Mohammad Mohsin, Director General, Department of Agricultural Extension, Dr. Md. Kabir Ikramul Haque, Executive Chairman, Bangladesh Agricultural Research Council, Dr. Abul Kalam Azad, Director General, Bangladesh Agricultural Research Institute, Dr. Md. Shahjahan Kabir, Director General, Bangladesh Rice Research Institute, Syed Arif Azad, Director General, Department of Fisheries, Dr. Md. Ainul Haque, Director General,Department of Livestock Services,
Engineer M. A. Matin, Director General of Rural Development Academy, Professor Dr. M. Zulfikar Rahman, President of Bangladesh Agricultural Extension Society and Professor Dr. M. Jiaul Hoque, General Secretary, Bangladesh Agricultural Extension Society highlighted the importance of this international conference for sustainable rural development.
The International Conference on Research and Extension for Sustainable Rural Development was an important milestone of the Bangladesh Agricultural Extension Society. The findings and recommendations of this conference will greatly help in the sustainable development of agriculture and rural areas of Bangladesh and participating countries.

First blast resistant, biofortified wheat variety released in Bangladesh-A great breakthrough of Bangladesh Agricultural Research Institute

First blast resistant, biofortified wheat variety released in Bangladesh

by Hans Braun, Pawan Singh, Ravi Singh, Shahidul Haque Khan, Velu Govindan / October 18, 2017

Members of National Technical Committee of NSB evaluating BAW 1260 in the field. Photo: CIMMYT
Members of National Technical Committee of NSB evaluating BAW 1260, the breeding line used to develop BARI Gom 33. Photo: CIMMYT

DHAKA, Bangladesh (CIMMYT) — As wheat farmers in Bangladesh struggle to recover from a 2016 outbreak of a mysterious disease called “wheat blast,” the country’s National Seed Board (NSB) released a new, high-yielding, blast-resistant wheat variety, according to a communication from the Wheat Research Centre (WRC) in Bangladesh.

Called “BARI Gom 33,” the variety was developed by WRC using a breeding line from the International Maize and Wheat Improvement Center (CIMMYT), a Mexico-based organization that has collaborated with Bangladeshi research organizations for decades, according to Naresh C. Deb Barma, Director of WRC, who said the variety had passed extensive field and laboratory testing. “Gom” means “wheat grain” in Bangla, the Bengali language used in Bangladesh.

“This represents an incredibly rapid response to blast, which struck in a surprise outbreak on 15,000 hectares of wheat in southwestern Bangladesh just last year, devastating the crop and greatly affecting farmers’ food security and livelihoods, not to mention their confidence in sowing wheat,” Barma said.

Caused by the fungus Magnaporthe oryzae pathotype triticum, wheat blast was first identified in Brazil in 1985 and has constrained wheat farming in South America for decades. Little is known about the genetics or interactions of the fungus with wheat or other hosts. Few resistant varieties have been released in Brazil, Bolivia and Paraguay, the countries most affected by wheat blast.

The Bangladesh outbreak was its first appearance in South Asia, a region where rice-wheat cropping rotations cover 13 million hectares and over a billion inhabitants eat wheat as main staple.

Many blast fungal strains are impervious to fungicides, according to Pawan Singh, a CIMMYT wheat pathologist. “The Bangladesh variant is still sensitive to fungicides, but this may not last forever, so we’re rushing to develop and spread new, blast-resistant wheat varieties for South Asia,” Singh explained.

The urgent global response to blast received a big boost in June from the Australian Centre for International Agricultural Research (ACIAR), which funded an initial four-year research project to breed blast resistant wheat varieties and the Indian Council of Agricultural Research (ICAR), which also provided grant to kick-start the work in South Asia. Led by CIMMYT, the initiative involves researchers from nearly a dozen institutions worldwide.

Chemical controls are costly and potentially harmful to human and environmental health, so protecting crops like wheat with inherent resistance is the smart alternative, but resistance must be genetically complex, combining several genes, to withstand new mutations of the pathogen over time.

Key partners in the new project are the agricultural research organizations of Bangladesh, including the Bangladesh Agricultural Research Institute (BARI), and the Instituto Nacional de Innovación Agropecuaria y Forestal in Bolivia, which will assist with large-scale field experiments to select wheat lines under artificial and natural infections of wheat blast.

Other partners include national and provincial research organizations in India, Nepal and Pakistan, as well as Kansas State University (KSU) and the U.S. Department of Agriculture-Agricultural Research Services (USDA-ARS). The U.S. Agency for International Agricultural Development (USAID) has also supported efforts to kick-start blast control measures, partnerships and upscaling the breeding, testing and seed multiplication of new, high-yielding, disease resistant varieties through its Feed the Future project.

BARI Gom 33 was tested for resistance to wheat blast in field trials in Bolivia and Bangladesh and in greenhouse tests by the USDA-ARS laboratory at Fort Detrick, Maryland. International partnerships are critical for a fast response to wheat blast, according to Hans-Joachim Braun, director of CIMMYT’s Global Wheat Program.

“Worldwide, we’re in the middle of efforts that include blast surveillance and forecasting, studies on the pathogen’s genetics and biology, integrated disease management and seed systems, as well as raising awareness about the disease and training for researchers, extension workers, and farmers,” said Braun.

With over 160 million people, Bangladesh is among the world’s most densely populated countries. Wheat is Bangladesh’s second most important staple food, after rice. The country grows more than 1.3 million tons each year but consumes 4.5 million tons, meaning that imports whose costs exceed $0.7 billion each year comprise more than two-thirds of domestic wheat grain use.

WRC will produce tons of breeder’s seed of BARI Gom 33 each year. This will be used by the Bangladesh Agricultural Development Corporation (BADC) and diverse non-governmental organizations and private companies to produce certified seed for farmers.

“This year WRC will provide seed to BADC for multiplication and the Department of Agricultural Extension will establish on-farm demonstrations of the new variety in blast prone districts during 2017-18,” said Barma.

As an added benefit for the nutrition of wheat consuming households, BARI Gom 33 grain features 30 percent higher levels of zinc than conventional wheat. Zinc is a critical micronutrient missing in the diets of many of the poor throughout South Asia and whose lack particularly harms the health of pregnant women and children under 5 years old.

With funding from HarvestPlus and the CGIAR Research Program on Agriculture for Nutrition, CIMMYT is leading global efforts to breed biofortified wheat with better agronomic and nutritional quality traits. The wheat line used in BARI Gom 33 was developed at CIMMYT, Mexico, through traditional cross-breeding and shared with Bangladesh and other cooperators in South Asia through the Center’s International Wheat Improvement Network, which celebrates 50 years in 2018.

Stable window 1 and 2 (W1W2) funding from CGIAR enabled CIMMYT and partners to react quickly and screen breeding lines in Bolivia, as well as working with KSU to identify sources of wheat blast resistance. The following W1 funders have made wheat blast resistance breeding possible: Australia, the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation, Canada, France, India, Japan, Korea, New Zeland, Norway, Sweden, Switzerland, the United Kingdom and the World Bank. The following funders also contributed vital W2 funding: Australia, China, the United Kingdom (DFID) and USAID.

(This report has been taken from the website of CIMMYT,http://www.cimmyt.org for greater dissemination to inform and inspire all concerned.I specially congratulate the team of scientists for this great breakthrough.I also thank the funding agencies for their great contributions towards food and nutrition security.I heartily acknowledge the authors of the article,”First blast resistant, biofortified wheat variety released in Bangladesh” who depicted the details of the breakthrough and published at http://www.cimmyt.org/first-blast-resistant-biofortified-wheat-variety-released-in-bangladesh)